Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications


Publications for Adrian Spencer

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Journal Articles

Biagiotti, F, Bonatesta, F, Tajdaran, S, Sciortino, DD, Verma, S, Hopkins, E, Morrey, D, Yang, C, Spencer, A, Jiang, C, Haigh, R (2021) Modelling liquid film in modern GDI engines and the impact on particulate matter emissions – Part 1, International Journal of Engine Research, ISSN: 1468-0874. DOI: 10.1177/14680874211024476.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2021) Analysis of multi-stream fuel injector flow using zonal proper orthogonal decomposition, Energies, 14(6), 1789, DOI: 10.3390/en14061789.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2020) Linear stochastic estimation of the coherent structures in internal combustion engine flow, International Journal of Engine Research, 21(9), pp.1738-1749, ISSN: 1468-0874. DOI: 10.1177/1468087418824896.

Treleaven, NCW, Staufer, M, Spencer, A, Garmory, A, Page, G (2020) Application of the PODFS method to inlet turbulence generated using the digital filter technique, Journal of Computational Physics, 415(August 2020), 109541, ISSN: 0021-9991. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109541.

Jiang, C, Parker, MC, Butcher, D, Spencer, A, Garner, CP, Helie, J (2019) Comparison of flash boiling resistance of two injector designs and the consequences on downsized gasoline engine emissions, Applied Energy, 254, ISSN: 0306-2619. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113735.

Parker, M, Jiang, C, Butcher, D, Spencer, A, Garner, C, Witt, D (2019) Impact and observations of cylinder deactivation and reactivation in a downsized gasoline turbocharged direct injection engine, International Journal of Engine Research, 22(4), pp.1367-1376, ISSN: 1468-0874. DOI: 10.1177/1468087419882817.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2019) Time-volume estimation of velocity fields from nonsynchronous planar measurements using linear stochastic estimation, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 141(10), 101004, ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.4044240.

Butcher, DSA and Spencer, A (2019) Spurious PIV vector correction using Linear Stochastic Estimation, Fluids, ISSN: 2311-5521. DOI: 10.3390/fluids4030139.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2019) Cross-correlation of POD spatial modes for the separation of stochastic turbulence and coherent structures, Fluids, 4(3), ISSN: 2311-5521. DOI: 10.3390/fluids4030134.

Jiang, C, Parker, MC, Helie, J, Spencer, A, Garner, CP, Wigley, G (2019) Impact of gasoline direct injection fuel injector hole geometry on spray characteristics under flash boiling and ambient conditions, FUEL, 241, pp.71-82, ISSN: 0016-2361. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.11.143.

Ward, M, Passmore, M, Spencer, A, Tuplin, S, Harland, A (2019) Characterisation of football trajectories for assessing flight performance, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART P-JOURNAL OF SPORTS ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 233(1), pp.16-26, ISSN: 1754-3371. DOI: 10.1177/1754337118774414.

Bonham, C, Brend, M, Spencer, A, Tanimizu, K, Wise, D (2018) Impact of Flow Unsteadiness on Steady-State Gas-Path Stagnation Temperature Measurements, JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 140(12), ARTN 122602, ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.4040285.

Spencer, A (2018) Discharge coefficients of ports with stepped inlets, Aerospace, 5(3), DOI: 10.3390/aerospace5030097.

Fly, A, Butcher, D, Meyer, Q, Whiteley, M, Spencer, A, Kim, C, Shearing, PR, Brett, DJL, Chen, R (2018) Characterisation of the diffusion properties of metal foam hybrid flow-fields for fuel cells using optical flow visualisation and X-ray computed tomography, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, 395, pp.171-178, ISSN: 0378-7753. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.05.070.

Butcher, D, Spencer, A, Chen, R (2018) Influence of asymmetric valve strategy on large-scale and turbulent in-cylinder flows, International Journal of Engine Research, 19(6), pp.631-642, ISSN: 1468-0874. DOI: 10.1177/1468087417725232.

Cheng, L, Dianat, M, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2012) Validation of LES Predictions of Scalar Mixing in High-swirl Fuel Injector Flows, FLOW TURBULENCE AND COMBUSTION, 88(1-2), pp.143-168, ISSN: 1386-6184. DOI: 10.1007/s10494-011-9382-8.

Cheng, L, Dianat, M, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2012) Validation of les predictions of scalar mixing in high-swirl fuel injector flows, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 88(1-2), pp.143-168, ISSN: 1386-6184. DOI: 10.1007/s10494-011-9382-8.

Cheng, L and Spencer, A (2011) Residence time measurement of an isothermal combustor flow field, Experiments in Fluids, pp.1-15, ISSN: 0723-4864.

Rupp, J, Carrotte, J, Spencer, A (2010) Interaction Between the Acoustic Pressure Fluctuations and the Unsteady Flow Field Through Circular Holes, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 132(6), ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.4000114.

Dunham, D, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ, Dianat, M (2009) Comparison of Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier–Stokes and Large Eddy Simulation Computational Fluid Dynamics Methodologies for Air Swirl Fuel Injectors, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 131(1), ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.2969096.

Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ, Midgley, K (2008) Vortex Breakdown in Swirling Fuel Injector Flows, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 130(2), ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.2799530.

Passmore, MA, Tuplin, S, Spencer, A, Jones, R (2008) Experimental studies of the aerodynamics of spinning and stationary footballs, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 222(2), pp.195-205, ISSN: 0954-4062. DOI: 10.1243/09544062jmes655.

Veloudis, I, Yang, Z, McGuirk, JJ, Page, GJ, Spencer, A (2007) Novel Implementation and Assessment of a Digital Filter Based Approach for the Generation of LES Inlet Conditions, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 79(1), pp.1-24, ISSN: 1386-6184. DOI: 10.1007/s10494-006-9058-y.

Spencer, A and Hollis, D (2005) Correcting for sub-grid filtering effects in particle image velocimetry data, Measurement Science and Technology, 16(11), pp.2323-2335, ISSN: 0957-0233. DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/16/11/026.

Midgley, K, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2005) Unsteady Flow Structures in Radial Swirler Fed Fuel Injectors, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 127(4), pp.755-764, ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.1925638.

Chua, KH, Carrotte, J, Denman, P, Spencer, A (2004) Experimental characterization of the coolant film issuing from a cooling tile, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004, 1, pp.271-281, DOI: 10.1115/gt2004-53412.

Spencer, A and Adumitroaie, V (2003) Large Eddy Simulation of Impinging Jets in Crossflow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, International Gas Turbine Institute, Turbo Expo (Publication) IGTI, 2, pp.557-564, DOI: 10.1115/GT2003-38754.

Spencer, A and McGuirk, JJ (2001) LDA Measurements of Feed Annulus Effects on Combustor Liner Port Flows1, Journal of Fluids Engineering, 123(2), pp.219-227, ISSN: 0098-2202. DOI: 10.1115/1.1365932.

McGuirk, JJ and Spencer, A (2001) Coupled and Uncoupled CFD Prediction of the Characteristics of Jets From Combustor Air Admission Ports, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 123(2), pp.327-332, ISSN: 0742-4795. DOI: 10.1115/1.1362319.

Hay, N and Spencer, A (1992) Discharge coefficients of cooling holes with radiused and chamfered inlets, Journal of Turbomachinery, 114(4), pp.701-706, ISSN: 0889-504X. DOI: 10.1115/1.2928022.



Conferences

Butcher, D, Gillespie, J, Walker, D, Lowe, KT, Spencer, A (2020) Modification of the Internal Flows of Thermal Propulsion Systems Using Local Aerodynamic Inserts. In SAE Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting; SAE Technical Papers,, DOI: 10.4271/2020-01-2039.

Ward, M, Passmore, M, Spencer, A, Harland, A, Hanson, H, Lucas, T (2020) Comparing the aerodynamic behaviour of real footballs to a smooth sphere using tomographic PIV. In Miyazaki, MNTMAY (ed) 13th conference of the International Sports Engineering Association (ISEA 2020); Proceedings, Online. DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020049150.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2019) Time-volume estimation of velocity fields from non-synchronous planar measurements using linear stochastic estimation [conference paper]. In Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition (GT2019), Pheonix, Arizona, USA,ISBN: 9780791858615. DOI: 10.1115/GT2019-90144.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2019) Towards in-cylinder flow informed engine control strategies using linear stochastic estimation. In , SAE Technical Papers. DOI: 10.4271/2019-01-0717.

Ward, M, Spencer, A, Passmore, M (2018) Usage of body-fitted windows in PIV image processing. In International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal.

Chernukha, P, Spencer, A, Colwill, JA (2018) The effect of manufacturing tolerances on the performance of gas turbine air system metering holes with chamfered inlets. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo,ISBN: 9780791851098. DOI: 10.1115/GT2018-76875.

Spencer, A, Brend, M, Butcher, D, Dunham, D, Cheng, L, Hollis, D (2018) Tomographic PIV in the near field of a swirl-stabilised fuel injector. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo,ISBN: 9780791851050. DOI: 10.1115/GT201875201.

Butcher, D and Spencer, A (2017) Analysis of in-cylinder engine flows and their constituents by proper orthogonal decomposition. In 12th International Symposium on PIV (ISPIV2017), Busan, Korea.

Jiang, C, Helie, J, Parker, MC, Piccini-Leopardi, G, Spencer, A, Garner, C, Wigley, G (2016) Experimental investigation of the effect of high pressure nozzle geometry on spray characteristics. In ILASS 27th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Brighton, UK,ISBN: 9781910172100.

Jiang, C, Parker, MC, Spencer, A, Wigley, G, Garner, C, Helie, J (2016) Droplet size development in a DISI injector fuel spray. In 18th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon.

Dianat, M, McGuirk, J, Fokeer, S, Spencer, A (2014) LES of unsteady vortex aerodynamics in complex geometry gas-turbine fuel injectors. In ETMM10, Marbella, Spain.

Hamadache, Z and Spencer, A (2014) Fuel gallery residence time & heat transfer experimental technique development for gas turbine fuel injectors. In 17th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal.

Walker, AD, Carrotte, JF, Peacock, GL, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2013) Experimental study of the unsteady aerodynamics the compressor-combustor interface of a lean burn combustion system. In , 49th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference,ISBN: 9781624102226.

Cheng, L, Dianat, M, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2012) Validation of LES Predictions of Scalar Mixing in High-swirl Fuel Injector Flows. In , Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, pp.143-168, DOI: 10.1007/s10494-011-9382-8.

Cheng, L and Spencer, A (2012) Residence time measurement of an isothermal combustor flow field. In , Experiments in Fluids, pp.647-661, DOI: 10.1007/s00348-011-1085-3.

Spencer, A and Cheng, L (2010) Combustor residence time measurement using planar laser induced florescence. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.471-482, ISBN: 9780791843970. DOI: 10.1115/GT2010-22573.

Rupp, J, Carrotte, J, Spencer, A (2010) Methodology to identify the unsteady flow field associated with the loss of acoustic energy in the vicinity of circular holes. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.77-90, ISBN: 9780791843970. DOI: 10.1115/GT2010-22178.

Passmore, MA, Spencer, A, Wood, D, Jowsey, L, Newnham, PS (2010) The application of particle Image Velocimetry in automotive aerodynamics. In , SAE Technical Papers. DOI: 10.4271/2010-01-0120.

Rupp, J, Carrotte, J, Spencer, A (2009) Interaction between the acoustic pressure fluctuations and the unsteady flow field through circular holes. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.205-216, ISBN: 9780791848838. DOI: 10.1115/GT2009-59263.

Spencer, A, Jones, D, Shaw, A, Sowden, J (2009) Developing an axial compressor laboratory for an undergraduate engineering programme. In , Institution of Mechanical Engineers - International Conference on Compressors and their Systems, pp.293-307, ISBN: 9781843345817.

Spencer, A, Hollis, D, Gashi, S (2008) Investigation of the unsteady aerodynamics of an annular combustor using piv and les. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.177-186, ISBN: 9780791843130. DOI: 10.1115/GT2008-50277.

Dunham, D, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ, Dianat, M (2008) Comparison of urans and les CFD methodologies for air swirl fuel injectors. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.187-196, ISBN: 9780791843130. DOI: 10.1115/GT2008-50278.

Midgley, K, Dianat, M, Spencer, A, Yang, Z, McGuirk, JJ (2007) Scalar measurements and unsteady simulations in high swirl confined flows. In 9th International GasTurbine Conference, Proceedings of 9th International Gas Turbine Conference, Tokyo, Japan.

Midgley, K, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2007) Vortex breakdown in swirling fuel injector flows. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.711-719, ISBN: 9780791847909. DOI: 10.1115/GT2007-27924.

Spencer, A, Hollis, D, Carrotte, J (2007) PIV measurements of combustor turbulence fields. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp.801-809, ISBN: 9780791847909. DOI: 10.1115/GT2007-28050.

Dunham, D, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2007) Unsteady Aerodynamics of Annular Swirling Shear Layers. In IACC 07, Proceedings of International Aerospace CFD Conference, Paris, France.

Midgley, K, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2005) Accurate Validation Data using PIV for Air-Swirl Fuel Injectors. In Paper presented at the 1st Workshop on Quality Assessment of Unsteady Methods for Turbulent Combustion Prediction and Validation, Darmstadt, pp.1-11.

Chua, KH, Carrotte, JF, Denman, PA, Spencer, A (2004) Experimental Characterisation of the Coolant Film Issuing from a Cooling Tile. In Paper presented at the 49th ASME International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Paper No. ASME 2004-GT-53412, Vienna, pp.1-11.

Midgley, K and Spencer, A (2004) Unsteady Flow Structures in Radial Swirler Fed Fuel Injectors. In Paper presented at the ASME Turbo Expo 2004 Paper No. ASME 04-GT-53608, Vienna, Austria, pp.1-11.

Midgley, K, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2004) Unsteady flow structures in radial swirler fed fuel injectors. In , Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004, pp.375-384, DOI: 10.1115/gt2004-53608.

Spencer, A (2003) LES Prediction of Impinging Jets in Crossflow. In Paper presented at the ASME Turbo Expo 2003 Paper No. ASME 03-GT-38754, Georgia, USA, pp.1-11.

Midgley, K, Spencer, A, McGuirk, JJ (2003) PIV Measurements of Confined Swirling Flow. In Proceedings of 3rd Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flow Phenomena, Sendei, Japan, ?.

Carrotte, JF, Griffiths, JP, Spencer, A (2001) Primary Jet Characteristics Within an Isothermal Gas Turbine Combustor. In ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations. DOI: 10.1115/2001-gt-0057.

Spencer, A, Hollis, D, Carrotte, JF (2001) Statistical Analysis and Comparison of LDA and PIV Measurements for the Flow over a Backward Facing Step. In Proceedings of the 9th International Confrence of Laser Anemometry Advances and Applications, EALA 2001, Limerick, pp.1-9.

McGuirk, JJ and Spencer, A (2000) Coupled and Uncoupled CFD Prediction of the Characteristics of Jets From Combustor Air Admission Ports. In ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations. DOI: 10.1115/2000-gt-0125.

McGuirk, JJ and Spencer, A (1995) Computational Methods for Modelling Port Flows in Gas-Turbine Combustors. In ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations. DOI: 10.1115/95-gt-414.

McGuirk, JJ and Spencer, A (1993) CFD Modeling of Annulus/Port Flows. In ASME 1993 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Volume 3A: General. DOI: 10.1115/93-gt-185.

Hay, N and Spencer, A (1992) Discharge Coefficients of Cooling Holes With Radiused and Chamfered Inlets. In , Journal of Turbomachinery, pp.701-706, DOI: 10.1115/1.2928022.



Thesis/Dissertation

Spencer, A (1998) Gas Turbine Combustor Port Flows.



Filesets

Fly, A, Butcher, D, Meyer, Q, Whiteley, M, Spencer, A, Kim, C-S, Shearing, PR, Dan J. L. Brett, DJLB, Chen, R (Accepted for publication) Supporting video files: "Characterisation of the diffusion properties of metal foam hybrid flow-fields for fuel cells using optical flow visualisation and X-ray computed tomography". DOI: 10.17028/rd.lboro.5794656.



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