Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications

Publications for Thomas Wilcockson

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Journal Articles

Ales, F, Giromini, L, Warmelink, L, Polden, M, Wilcockson, T, Kelly, C, Winters, C, Zennaro, A, Crawford, T (2022) On the use of eye movements in symptom validity assessment of feigned schizophrenia, Psychological Injury and Law, ISSN: 1938-971X. DOI: 10.1007/s12207-022-09462-0.

Begde, A, Jain, M, Hogervorst, E, Wilcockson, T (2021) Does physical exercise improve the capacity for independent living in people with dementia or mild cognitive impairment: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, Aging & Mental Health, pp.1-11, ISSN: 1360-7863. DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.2019192.

Ales, F, Giromini, L, Warmelink, L, Polden, M, Wilcockson, T, Kelly, C, Winters, C, Zennaro, A, Crawford, T (2021) An Eye Tracking Study on Feigned Schizophrenia, Psychological Injury and Law, 14(3), pp.213-226, ISSN: 1938-971X. DOI: 10.1007/s12207-021-09421-1.

Gawor, A, Hogervorst, E, Wilcockson, T (2021) Does an acute bout of moderate exercise reduce alcohol craving in university students?, Addictive Behaviors, 123, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107071.

Wilcockson, T, Pothos, EM, Osborne, AM, Crawford, TJ (2021) Top-down and bottom-up attentional biases for smoking-related stimuli: Comparing dependent and non-dependent smokers, Addictive Behaviors, 118, 106886, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.106886.

Lunn, J, Wilcockson, T, Donovan, T, Dondelinger, F, Algorta, GP, Monaghan, P (2021) The role of chronotype and reward processing in understanding social hierarchies in adolescence, Brain and Behavior, 11(5), e02090, ISSN: 2162-3279. DOI: 10.1002/brb3.2090.

Cosme, G, Rosa, PJ, Lima, CF, Tavares, V, Scott, S, Chen, S, Wilcockson, T, Crawford, TJ, Prata, D (2021) Pupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations, Scientific Reports, 11(1), 3733, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-83070-x.

Wilcockson, T, Burns, E, Xia, B, Tree, J, Crawford, T (2020) Atypically heterogeneous vertical first fixations to faces in a case series of people with developmental prosopagnosia, Visual Cognition, 28(4), pp.311-323, ISSN: 1350-6285. DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2020.1797968.

Polden, M, Wilcockson, T, Crawford, TJ (2020) The disengagement of visual attention: an eye-tracking study of cognitive impairment, ethnicity and age, Brain Sciences, 10(7), 461, DOI: 10.3390/brainsci10070461.

Brown, CE, Wilcockson, T, Lunn, J (2020) Does sleep affect alcohol-related attention bias?, Journal of Substance Use, 25(5), pp.515-518, ISSN: 1465-9891. DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2020.1736670.

Mardanbegi, D, Wilcockson, T, Killick, R, Xia, B, Gellersen, H, Sawyer, P, Crawford, TJ (2020) A comparison of post-saccadic oscillations in European-born and China-born British university undergraduates, PLoS ONE, 15(2), e0229177, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0229177.

Wilcockson, T, Pothos, EM, Cox, WM (2020) An online cognitive bias task: the Rough Estimation Task using Qualtrics, Behavioural Pharmacology, 31(1), pp.97-101, ISSN: 0955-8810. DOI: 10.1097/fbp.0000000000000508.

Wilcockson, T, Osborne, AM, Ellis, DA (2020) Corrigendum to ‘Digital detox: The effect of smartphone abstinence on mood, anxiety, and craving’ [Add. Behav. 99 (2019) 106013], Addictive Behaviors, 104, 106265, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106265.

Crawford, TJ, Taylor, S, Mardanbegi, D, Polden, M, Wilcockson, T, Killick, R, Sawyer, P, Gellersen, H, Leroi, I (2019) The effects of previous error and success in Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment, Scientific Reports, 9, 20204, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-56625-2.

Wilcockson, TDW, Mardanbegi, D, Xia, B, Taylor, S, Sawyer, P, Gellersen, HW, Leroi, I, Killick, R, Crawford, TJ (2019) Abnormalities of saccadic eye movements in dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment, Aging, 11(15), pp.5389-5398, DOI: 10.18632/aging.102118.

Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Wilcockson, T, Marchant, AP (2019) Factors affecting accuracy in the quality control checking of fresh produce labels: A situational and laboratory-based exploration, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing and Service Industries, 29(6), ISSN: 1090-8471. DOI: 10.1002/hfm.20806.

Wilcockson, TDW, Osborne, AM, Ellis, DA (2019) Digital detox: The effect of smartphone withdrawal on mood, anxiety, and craving, Addictive Behaviors, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.06.002.

Burns, EJ and Wilcockson, TDW (2019) Alcohol usage predicts holistic perception: A novel paradigm to explore addiction, Addictive Behaviors, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.05.024.

Wilcockson, T, Mardanbegi, D, Sawyer, P, Gellersen, H, Xia, B, Crawford, TJ (2019) Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia, FRONTIERS IN SYSTEMS NEUROSCIENCE, 12, ISSN: 1662-5137. DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2018.00066.

Mardanbegi, D, Wilcockson, T, Sawyer, P, Gellersen, H, Crawford, TJ (2019) SaccadeMachine: software for analyzing saccade tests (anti-saccade and pro-saccade), DOI: 10.1145/3317956.3318148.

Wilcockson, TDW, McElhatton, CM, Fawcett, AJ (2018) Likelihood of Substance Abuse for Dyslexics May Be Influenced by Socioeconomic Background and Metacognition, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, ISSN: 1557-1874. DOI: 10.1007/s11469-018-0044-0.

Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Wilcockson, TDW, Marchant, AP (2018) Optimal approaches to the quality control checking of product labels, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 68, pp.118-124, ISSN: 0169-8141. DOI: 10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.003.

Wilcockson, TDW, Ellis, DA, Shaw, H (2018) Determining typical smartphone usage: What data do we need?, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 21(6), pp.395-398, ISSN: 2152-2715. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2017.0652.

Ellis, DA, Kaye, LK, Wilcockson, TDW, Ryding, FC (2018) Digital Traces of Behaviour Within Addiction: Response to Griffiths (2017), International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 16(1), pp.240-245, ISSN: 1557-1874. DOI: 10.1007/s11469-017-9855-7.

Wilcockson, T, Pothos, EM, Parrott, AC (2018) Substance usage intention does not affect attentional bias: implications from Ecstasy/MDMA users and alcohol drinkers, Addictive Behaviors, 88, pp.175-181, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.09.001.

Mardanbegi, D, Killick, R, Xia, B, Wilcockson, T, Gellersen, H, Sawyer, P, Crawford, TJ (2017) Effect of aging on post-saccadic oscillations, Vision Research, 143, pp.1-8, ISSN: 0042-6989. DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2017.08.006.

Frings, D, Moss, AC, Albery, IP, Eskisan, G, Wilcockson, T, Marchant, AP (2017) Environmental context influences visual attention to responsible drinking messages, Alcohol and Alcoholism, 53(1), pp.46-51, ISSN: 0735-0414. DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx076.

Albery, IP, Wilcockson, T, Frings, D, Moss, AC, Caselli, G, Spada, MM (2016) Examining the relationship between selective attentional bias for food- and body-related stimuli and purging behaviour in bulimia nervosa, Appetite, 107, pp.208-212, ISSN: 0195-6663. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.006.

Wilcockson, TDW and Pothos, EM (2016) How cognitive biases can distort environmental statistics: Introducing the rough estimation task, Behavioural Pharmacology, 27(2-3), pp.165-172, ISSN: 0955-8810. DOI: 10.1097/FBP.0000000000000214.

Wilcockson, TDW and Sanal, NEM (2016) Heavy cannabis use and attentional avoidance of anxiety-related stimuli, Addictive Behaviors Reports, 3, pp.38-42, ISSN: 2352-8532. DOI: 10.1016/j.abrep.2016.02.004.

Wilcockson, TDW, Pothos, EM, Fawcett, AJ (2016) Dyslexia and Substance Use in a University Undergraduate Population, Substance Use & Misuse, 51(1), pp.15-22, ISSN: 1082-6084. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2015.1073322.

Wilcockson, TDW and Pothos, EM (2015) Measuring inhibitory processes for alcohol-related attentional biases: Introducing a novel attentional bias measure, Addictive Behaviors, 44, pp.88-93, ISSN: 0306-4603. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.12.015.

Wilcockson, TDW and Pothos, EM (2015) The automatic nature of habitual goal-state activation in substance use: implications from a dyslexic population, Journal of Substance Use, 21(3), pp.244-248, ISSN: 1465-9891. DOI: 10.3109/14659891.2015.1009506.

Qureshi, A, Monk, R, Pennington, CR, Wilcockson, T, Heim, D (Accepted for publication) Alcohol-related attentional bias in a gaze contingency task: Comparing appetitive and non-appetitive cues, DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/zhfsx.


Wilcockson, TDW (2018) Using eye trackers as indicators of diagnostic markers: Implications from HCI devices. In KES, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, Tenerife, pp.308-315, ISBN: 9783319594231. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59424-8_29.

Zhang, Y, Wilcockson, T, Kim, KI, Crawford, T, Gellersen, H, Sawyer, P (2016) Monitoring Dementia with Automatic Eye Movements Analysis. In , pp.299-309, ISBN: 9783319396262. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39627-9_26.

Smith-Spark, JH, Katz, HB, Marchant, A, Wilcockson, TDW (2015) Label-checking strategies to adapt behaviour to design. In ECCE '15: European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics 2015, Proceedings of the European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics 2015. DOI: 10.1145/2788412.2788425.


Wilcockson, T, Osborne, A, Ellis, DA (Accepted for publication) Digital detox: The effect of smartphone abstinence on mood, anxiety, and craving,

Whether behavioural addictions should be conceptualised using a similar framework to substance-related addictions remains a topic of considerable debate. Previous literature has developed criteria, which allows any new behavioural addiction to be considered analogous to substance-related addictions. These imply that abstinence from a related object (e.g, smartphones for heavy smartphone users) would lead to mood fluctuations alongside increased levels of anxiety and craving. In a sample of smartphone users, we measured three variables (mood, anxiety, and craving) on four occasions, which included a 24-hour period of smartphone abstinence. Only craving was affected following a short period of abstinence. The results suggest that heavy smartphone usage does not fulfil the criteria required to be considered an addiction. This may have implications for other behavioural addictions.

. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/c85kx.

Qureshi, A, Monk, R, Pennington, CR, Wilcockson, T, Heim, D (Accepted for publication) Alcohol-related attentional bias in a gaze contingency task: Comparing appetitive and non-appetitive cues,

BackgroundNon-problem drinkers attend automatically to alcohol-related cues compared to non-alcohol related cues on tests of inhibitory control. Moreover, attentional bias for alcohol-related cues varies between problem and non-problem drinkers.AimTo examine attentional bias towards alcoholic and non-alcoholic appetitive cues between problem and non-problem drinkers.MethodForty-one university students (9 male, 32 female; Mage = 21.50) completed an eye-tracking gaze contingency paradigm, measuring the number of times participants looked at peripherally and centrally located stimuli (break frequency) when instructed to maintain focus on a target object. Stimuli consisted of appetitive alcohol-related (e.g, wine), appetitive non-alcohol-related (e.g, cola) and non-appetitive (e.g, fabric softener) stimuli. Participants were split using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) into non-problem (M AUDIT = 3.86) and problematic drinkers (M AUDIT = 11.59).ResultsProblematic drinkers had higher break frequencies towards peripheral appetitive stimuli than towards non-appetitive stimuli, while break frequency was equivalent between appetitive cues presented centrally (alcohol and non-alcohol-related). In contrast, there were no differences in break frequency across stimuli type or cue presentation location (central or peripheral) for non-problem drinkers.ConclusionIn contrast to non-problem drinkers, people displaying more problematic consumption practices may find it more difficult to inhibit eye movements towards appetitive stimuli, particularly when in peripheral vision. This may suggest that attentional biases, as measured in terms of overt eye movements, in problem drinkers may be most powerful when the alcoholic and appetitive stimuli are not directly in field of view. An uncertainty reduction process in the allocation of attention to appetitive cues may help explain the patterns of results observed

. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/zhfsx.

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