Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications


Publications for Tom Clifford

From (year): To (year):

Download all publications as Word document


Journal Articles

Shannon, OM, Clifford, T, Seals, DR, Craighead, DH, Rossman, MJ (2022) Nitric oxide, aging and aerobic exercise: Sedentary individuals to Master's athletes, Nitric Oxide, 125-126, pp.31-39, ISSN: 1089-8603. DOI: 10.1016/j.niox.2022.06.002.

Abbott, W, Thomas, C, Clifford, T (2022) Effect of playing status and fixture congestion on training load, mental fatigue, and recovery status in Premier League academy goalkeepers, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN: 1064-8011. DOI: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000004274.

Shannon, OM, Allen, JD, Bescos, R, Burke, L, Clifford, T, Easton, C, Gonzalez, JT, Jones, AM, Jonvik, KL, Larsen, FJ, Peeling, P, Piknova, B, Siervo, M, Vanhatalo, A, McGawley, K, Porcelli, S (2022) Dietary inorganic nitrate as an ergogenic aid: an expert consensus derived via the modified Delphi technique, Sports Medicine, ISSN: 0112-1642. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-022-01701-3.

Capper, T, Clifford, T, Taylor, G, Iqbal, W, West, D, Stevenson, E, Siervo, M (2022) Ageing modifies acute resting blood pressure responses to incremental consumption of dietary nitrate: a randomised, cross-over clinical trial, British Journal of Nutrition, ISSN: 0007-1145. DOI: 10.1017/s0007114522001337.

Field, A, Corr, LD, Sarmento, H, Naughton, R, Clifford, T, Haines, M, Page, RM, Harper, LD (2022) The impact of 120 minutes of soccer-specific exercise on recovery, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, ISSN: 0270-1367. DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2021.1964697.

Reynolds, K, Clifford, T, Mears, S, James, L (2022) A food first approach to carbohydrate supplementation in endurance exercise: a systematic review, International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, ISSN: 1526-484X. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2021-0261.

Alhebshi, A, Alsharif, N, Thorley, J, James, L, Clifford, T (2021) The effects of dietary protein supplementation on exercise-induced inflammation and oxidative stress: a systematic review of human trials, Antioxidants, 11(1), 13, DOI: 10.3390/antiox11010013.

Abbott, W and Clifford, T (2021) The influence of muscle strength and aerobic fitness on functional recovery in professional soccer, The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, ISSN: 0022-4707. DOI: 10.23736/s0022-4707.21.13401-2.

Stander, Z, Luies, L, van Reenen, M, Howatson, G, Keane, KM, Clifford, T, Stevenson, EJ, Loots, DT (2021) Beetroot juice — a suitable post-marathon metabolic recovery supplement?, Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 18, 72, ISSN: 1550-2783. DOI: 10.1186/s12970-021-00468-8.

Capper, TE, Siervo, M, Clifford, T, Taylor, G, Iqbal, W, West, D, Stevenson, EJ (2021) Pharmacokinetic profile of incremental oral doses of dietary nitrate in young and older adults: a crossover randomized clinical trial, The Journal of Nutrition, 152(1), pp.130-139, ISSN: 0022-3166. DOI: 10.1093/jn/nxab354.

Bester, R, Stander, Z, Mason, S, Keane, KM, Howatson, G, Clifford, T, Stevenson, EJ, Loots, DT (2021) Characterizing marathon-induced metabolic changes using 1H-NMR metabolomics, Metabolites, 11(10), 656, DOI: 10.3390/metabo11100656.

Khatri, M, Naughton, RJ, Clifford, T, Harper, LD, Corr, L (2021) The effects of collagen peptide supplementation on body composition, collagen synthesis, and recovery from joint injury and exercise: a systematic review, Amino Acids, 53(10), pp.1493-1506, ISSN: 0939-4451. DOI: 10.1007/s00726-021-03072-x.

Griffiths, A, Matu, J, Whyte, E, Akin-Nibosun, P, Clifford, T, Stevenson, E, Shannon, OM (2021) The Mediterranean dietary pattern for optimising health and performance in competitive athletes: A narrative review, British Journal of Nutrition, pp.1-52, ISSN: 0007-1145. DOI: 10.1017/s0007114521003202.

Corr, LD, Field, A, Pufal, D, Clifford, T, Harper, LD, Naughton, RJ (2021) The effects of cocoa flavanols on indices of muscle recovery and exercise performance: a narrative review, BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 13(1), 90, DOI: 10.1186/s13102-021-00319-8.

Abbott, W and Clifford, T (2021) Professional academy soccer players’ perceived experiences of loan environments, Soccer & Society, ISSN: 1466-0970. DOI: 10.1080/14660970.2021.1951253.

Jones, L, Bailey, S, Rowland, S, Alsharif, N, Shannon, OM, Clifford, T (2021) The effect of nitrate-rich beetroot juice on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage: a systematic review and meta-analysis of human intervention trials, Journal of Dietary Supplements, ISSN: 1939-0211. DOI: 10.1080/19390211.2021.1939472.

Shannon, OM, Easton, C, Shepherd, AI, Siervo, M, Bailey, S, Clifford, T (2021) Dietary nitrate and population health: a narrative review of the translational potential of existing laboratory studies, BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 13(1), 65, DOI: 10.1186/s13102-021-00292-2.

Northeast, B and Clifford, T (2021) The effect of creatine supplementation on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage: A systematic review and meta-analysis of human intervention trials, International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 31(3), pp.276-291, ISSN: 1526-484X. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0282.

Randell, R, Clifford, T, Drust, B, Moss, SL, Unnithan, VB, De Ste Croix, MBA, Datson, N, Martin, D, Mayho, H, Carter, JM, Rollo, I (2021) Physiological characteristics of female soccer players and health and performance considerations: a narrative review, Sports Medicine, 51, ISSN: 0112-1642. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-021-01458-1.

Clifford, T, Acton, J, Cocksedge, S, Davies, KAB, Bailey, S (2021) The effect of dietary phytochemicals on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation: a systematic review of human intervention trials, Molecular Biology Reports, 48, pp.1745-1761, ISSN: 0301-4851. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-020-06041-x.

Martinez-Negrin, G, Acton, J, Cocksedge, S, Bailey, S, Clifford, T (2020) The effect of dietary (poly)phenols on exercise-induced physiological adaptations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of human intervention trials, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 62(11), pp.2872-2887, ISSN: 1040-8398. DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2020.1860898.

Parton, AJ, Waldron, M, Clifford, T, Jeffries, O (2020) Thermo-behavioural responses to orally applied L-menthol exhibit sex-specific differences during exercise in a hot environment, Physiology & Behavior, 229, 113250, ISSN: 0031-9384. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113250.

Abbott, W, Brett, A, Watson, AW, Brooker, H, Clifford, T (2020) Sleep restriction in elite soccer players: Effects on explosive power, wellbeing, and cognitive function, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 93(2), pp.325-332, ISSN: 0270-1367. DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2020.1834071.

Mistry, K, van der Steen, B, Clifford, T, van Holthoon, F, Kleinnijenhuis, A, Prawitt, J, Labus, M, Vanhoecke, B, Lovat, PE, McConnell, A (2020) Potentiating cutaneous wound healing in young and aged skin with nutraceutical collagen peptides, Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, 46(1), pp.109-117, ISSN: 0307-6938. DOI: 10.1111/ced.14392.

Corr, LD, Field, A, Pufal, D, Killey, J, Clifford, T, Harper, LD, Naughton, RJ (2020) Acute consumption of varied doses of cocoa flavanols does not influence exercise-induced muscle damage, International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 30(5), pp.338-344, ISSN: 1526-484X. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0057.

Clifford, T, Hayes, EJ, Scragg, JH, Taylor, G, Smith, K, Davies, KAB, Stevenson, EJ (2020) The effects of a high-protein diet on markers of muscle damage following exercise in active older adults: a randomized, controlled trial, International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 30(5), pp.323-329, ISSN: 1526-484X. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0113.

Stander, Z, Luies, L, Mienie, LJ, Van Reenen, M, Howatson, G, Keane, KM, Clifford, T, Stevenson, EJ, Loots, DT (2020) The unaided recovery of marathon-induced serum metabolome alterations, Scientific Reports, 10(1), 11060, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67884-9.

Abbott, W, Brownlee, TE, Naughton, RJ, Clifford, T, Page, R, Harper, LD (2020) Changes in perceptions of mental fatigue during a season in professional under-23 English Premier League soccer players, Research in Sports Medicine, 28(4), pp.529-539, ISSN: 1543-8627. DOI: 10.1080/15438627.2020.1784176.

Abbott, W, Brett, A, Brownlee, TE, Hammond, KM, Harper, LD, Naughton, RJ, Anderson, L, Munson, EH, Sharkey, JV, Randell, RK, Clifford, T (2020) The prevalence of disordered eating in elite male and female soccer players, Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 26, DOI: 10.1007/s40519-020-00872-0.

Clifford, T, Jeffries, O, Stevenson, EJ, Davies, KAB (2020) The effects of vitamin C and E on exercise-induced physiological adaptations: a systematic review and Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, pp.1-11, ISSN: 1040-8398. DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2019.1703642.

Swartz, MC, Allen, K, Deer, RR, Lyons, EJ, Swartz, MD, Clifford, T (2019) A narrative review on the potential of red beetroot as an adjuvant strategy to counter fatigue in children with cancer, Nutrients, 11(12), ISSN: 2072-6643. DOI: 10.3390/nu11123003.

Abbott, W, Brownlee, TE, Harper, LD, Naughton, RJ, Richardson, A, Clifford, T (2019) A season long investigation into the effects of injury, match selection and training load on mental wellbeing in professional under 23 soccer players: A team case study, European Journal of Sport Science, 19(9), pp.1250-1256, ISSN: 1746-1391. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2019.1600586.

Abbott, W, Brashill, C, Brett, A, Clifford, T (2019) Tart Cherry Juice: No Effect on Muscle Function Loss or Muscle Soreness in Professional Soccer Players After a Match, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, pp.1-21, ISSN: 1555-0265. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2019-0221.

Clifford, T, Babateen, A, Shannon, OM, Capper, T, Ashor, A, Stephan, B, Robinson, L, O'Hara, JP, Mathers, JC, Stevenson, E, Siervo, M (2019) Effects of inorganic nitrate and nitrite consumption on cognitive function and cerebral blood flow: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 59(15), pp.2400-2410, ISSN: 1040-8398. DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2018.1453779.

Clifford, T (2019) Nutritional and Pharmacological Interventions to Expedite Recovery Following Muscle-Damaging Exercise in Older Adults: A Narrative Review of the Literature, Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 27(6), pp.914-928, ISSN: 1063-8652. DOI: 10.1123/japa.2018-0351.

Clifford, T and Blyth, C (2019) A pilot study comparing the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa in regular students and those in University sports teams, Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 24(3), pp.473-480, DOI: 10.1007/s40519-018-0584-0.

Kupusarevic, J, McShane, K, Clifford, T (2019) Cherry Gel Supplementation Does Not Attenuate Subjective Muscle Soreness or Alter Wellbeing Following a Match in a Team of Professional Rugby Union players: A Pilot Study, Sports, 7(4), pp.84-84, DOI: 10.3390/sports7040084.

Clifford, T, Ventress, M, Allerton, DM, Stansfield, S, Tang, JCY, Fraser, WD, Vanhoecke, B, Prawitt, J, Stevenson, E (2019) The effects of collagen peptides on muscle damage, inflammation and bone turnover following exercise: a randomized, controlled trial, Amino Acids, 51(4), pp.691-704, ISSN: 0939-4451. DOI: 10.1007/s00726-019-02706-5.

Abbott, W, Brett, A, Cockburn, E, Clifford, T (2019) Presleep Casein Protein Ingestion: Acceleration of Functional Recovery in Professional Soccer Players, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(3), pp.385-391, ISSN: 1555-0265. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0385.

McLeman, LA, Ratcliffe, K, Clifford, T (2019) Pre- and post-exercise nutritional practices of amateur runners in the UK: are they meeting the guidelines for optimal carbohydrate and protein intakes?, Sport Sciences for Health, 15(3), pp.511-517, ISSN: 1824-7490. DOI: 10.1007/s11332-019-00537-1.

McHugh, MP, Clifford, T, Abbott, W, Kwiecien, SY, Kremenic, IJ, DeVita, JJ, Howatson, G (2019) Countermovement Jump Recovery in Professional Soccer Players Using an Inertial Sensor, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(1), pp.9-15, ISSN: 1555-0265. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0131.

Apweiler, E, Wallace, D, Stansfield, S, Allerton, D, Brown, M, Stevenson, E, Clifford, T (2018) Pre-bed casein protein supplementation does not enhance acute functional recovery in physically active males and females when exercise is performed in the morning, Sports, 7(1), 5, DOI: 10.3390/sports7010005.

Stander, Z, Luies, L, Mienie, LJ, Keane, KM, Howatson, G, Clifford, T, Stevenson, EJ, Loots, DT (2018) The altered human serum metabolome induced by a marathon, Metabolomics, 14(11), 150, ISSN: 1573-3882. DOI: 10.1007/s11306-018-1447-4.

Abbott, W, Brownlee, TE, Harper, LD, Naughton, RJ, Clifford, T (2018) The independent effects of match location, match result and the quality of opposition on subjective wellbeing in under 23 soccer players: a case study, Research in Sports Medicine, 26(3), pp.262-275, ISSN: 1543-8627. DOI: 10.1080/15438627.2018.1447476.

Clifford, T, Abbott, W, Kwiecien, SY, Howatson, G, McHugh, MP (2018) Cryotherapy Reinvented: Application of Phase Change Material for Recovery in Elite Soccer, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13(5), pp.584-589, ISSN: 1555-0265. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2017-0334.

Clifford, T, Bowman, A, Capper, T, Allerton, DM, Foster, E, Birch-Machin, M, Lietz, G, Howatson, G, Stevenson, EJ (2018) A pilot study investigating reactive oxygen species production in capillary blood after a marathon and the influence of an antioxidant-rich beetroot juice, Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 43(3), pp.303-306, ISSN: 1715-5312. DOI: 10.1139/apnm-2017-0587.

Clifford, T, Howatson, G, West, DJ, Stevenson, EJ (2017) Beetroot juice is more beneficial than sodium nitrate for attenuating muscle pain after strenuous eccentric-bias exercise, Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 42(11), pp.1185-1191, ISSN: 1715-5312. DOI: 10.1139/apnm-2017-0238.

Clifford, T, Wood, MJ, Stocks, P, Howatson, G, Stevenson, EJ, Hilkens, CMU (2017) T-regulatory cells exhibit a biphasic response to prolonged endurance exercise in humans, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117(8), pp.1727-1737, ISSN: 1439-6319. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-017-3667-0.

Clifford, T, Bell, O, West, DJ, Howatson, G, Stevenson, EJ (2017) Antioxidant-rich beetroot juice does not adversely affect acute neuromuscular adaptation following eccentric exercise, Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(8), pp.812-819, ISSN: 0264-0414. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1192670.

Clifford, T, Allerton, DM, Brown, MA, Harper, L, Horsburgh, S, Keane, KM, Stevenson, EJ, Howatson, G (2017) Minimal muscle damage after a marathon and no influence of beetroot juice on inflammation and recovery, Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 42(3), pp.263-270, ISSN: 1715-5312. DOI: 10.1139/apnm-2016-0525.

Kirk, B, Mitchell, J, Jackson, M, Amirabdollahian, F, Alizadehkhaiyat, O, Clifford, T (2017) A2 Milk Enhances Dynamic Muscle Function Following Repeated Sprint Exercise, a Possible Ergogenic Aid for A1-Protein Intolerant Athletes?, Nutrients, 9(2), pp.94-94, DOI: 10.3390/nu9020094.

Clifford, T, Berntzen, B, Davison, G, West, D, Howatson, G, Stevenson, E (2016) Effects of Beetroot Juice on Recovery of Muscle Function and Performance between Bouts of Repeated Sprint Exercise, Nutrients, 8(8), pp.506-506, DOI: 10.3390/nu8080506.

Harper, LD, Clifford, T, Briggs, MA, McNamee, G, West, DJ, Stevenson, E, Russell, M (2016) The Effects of 120 Minutes of Simulated Match Play on Indices of Acid-Base Balance in Professional Academy Soccer Players, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(6), pp.1517-1524, ISSN: 1064-8011. DOI: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000001271.

Keane, KM, George, TW, Constantinou, CL, Brown, MA, Clifford, T, Howatson, G (2016) Effects of Montmorency tart cherry (Prunus Cerasus L.) consumption on vascular function in men with early hypertension, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(6), pp.1531-1539, ISSN: 0002-9165. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.115.123869.

Clifford, T, Constantinou, CM, Keane, KM, West, DJ, Howatson, G, Stevenson, EJ (2016) The plasma bioavailability of nitrate and betanin from Beta vulgaris rubra in humans, European Journal of Nutrition, 56(3), pp.1245-1254, ISSN: 1436-6207. DOI: 10.1007/s00394-016-1173-5.

Clifford, T, Bell, O, West, DJ, Howatson, G, Stevenson, EJ (2016) The effects of beetroot juice supplementation on indices of muscle damage following eccentric exercise, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(2), pp.353-362, ISSN: 1439-6319. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-015-3290-x.

Clifford, T, Howatson, G, West, D, Stevenson, E (2015) The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease, Nutrients, 7(4), pp.2801-2822, DOI: 10.3390/nu7042801.

Ackerman, J, Clifford, T, McNaughton, LR, Bentley, DJ (2014) The effect of an acute antioxidant supplementation compared with placebo on performance and hormonal response during a high volume resistance training session, Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), DOI: 10.1186/1550-2783-11-10.

Clifford, T, Mitchell, N, Scott, A (2013) The Influence of Different Sources of Polyphenols on Sub- Maximal Cycling and Time Trial Performance, Journal of Athletic Enhancement, 02(06), DOI: 10.4172/2324-9080.1000130.



Books

Blagrove, RC and Hayes, PR (2021) The science and practice of middle and long distance running,ISBN: 9780367543587. DOI: 10.4324/9781003088912.



Chapters

Bentley, DJ, Ackerman, J, Clifford, T, Slattery, KS (2014) Acute and Chronic Effects of Antioxidant Supplementation on Exercise Performance. In Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition, pp.141-154, ISBN: 9781466567573.



Getting in touch

Research Office
Loughborough University
Loughborough
Leicestershire
LE11 3TU
researchpolicy@lboro.ac.uk
+44 (0)1509 222453