Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications


Publications for Matthew Pain

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Journal Articles

Glendon, K, Pain, M, Belli, A, Blenkinsop, G (2024) The revised perceived academic impact tool (PAIT2): A tool to assess academic dysfunction in university‐aged student‐athletes with sports‐related concussion, European Journal of Sport Science, 24(5), pp.537-548, ISSN: 1746-1391. DOI: 10.1002/ejsc.12051.

Glendon, K, Pain, M, Hogervorst, E, Belli, A, Blenkinsop, G (2023) Musculoskeletal injury or Sports-Related Concussion (SRC) in a season of rugby union does not affect performance on concussion battery testing in university-aged student-athletes, Physical Therapy in Sport, 65, pp.137-144, ISSN: 1466-853X. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2023.12.005.

Begde, A, Alqurafi, A, Pain, M, Blenkinsop, G, Wilcockson, T, Hogervorst, E (2023) The effectiveness of home-based exergames training on cognition and balance in older adults: A comparative quasi-randomized study of two exergame interventions, Innovation in Aging, 7(8), igad102, DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igad102.

Yeadon, F and Pain, M (2023) Fifty years of performance‐related sports biomechanics research, Journal of Biomechanics, 155, 111666, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2023.111666.

Yener, N, Glendon, K, Pain, M (2022) The association between sport-related concussion and musculoskeletal injury in university rugby athletes, Physical Therapy in Sport, 55, pp.264-270, ISSN: 1466-853X. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2022.05.001.

Voukelatos, D, Evangelidis, PE, Pain, M (2022) The hamstrings to quadriceps functional ratio expressed over the full angle-angular velocity range using a limited number of data points, Royal Society Open Science, 9(4), 210696, ISSN: 2054-5703. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.210696.

Glendon, K, Desai, A, Blenkinsop, G, Belli, A, Pain, M (2022) Recovery of symptoms, neurocognitive and vestibular-ocular-motor function and academic ability after sports-related concussion (SRC) in university-aged student-athletes: a systematic review, Brain Injury, 36(4), pp.455-468, ISSN: 0269-9052. DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2022.2051740.

Glendon, K, Blenkinsop, G, Belli, A, Pain, M (2021) Prospective study with specific re-assessment time points to determine time to recovery following a sports-related concussion in university-aged student-athletes, Physical Therapy in Sport, 52, pp.287-296, ISSN: 1466-853X. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2021.10.008.

Krikelis, G, Pain, M, Furlong, L-A (2021) Sources of error when measuring Achilles tendon mechanics during the stance phase of running, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 143(9), 094505, ISSN: 0148-0731. DOI: 10.1115/1.4051221.

Shepherd, I, Lindley, M, Logan, O, Mears, A, Pain, M, King, M (2021) The effect of body position and mass centre velocity at toe off on the start performance of elite swimmers and how this differs between gender, Sports Biomechanics, 22(12), pp.1659-1668, ISSN: 1476-3141. DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2021.1919750.

Glendon, K, Blenkinsop, G, Belli, A, Pain, M (2021) Does Vestibular-Ocular-Motor (VOM) impairment affect time to return to play, symptom severity, neurocognition and academic ability in student-athletes following acute concussion?, Brain Injury, 35(7), pp.788-797, ISSN: 0269-9052. DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2021.1911001.

Krikelis, G, Pain, MTG, Furlong, LAM (2021) Measurement of instantaneous Achilles tendon moment arm and force during the stance phase of running, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, ISSN: 1025-5842. DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2021.1888938.

Nin, DZ, Pain, MTG, Lim, YIIH, Kong, PUIW (2021) Hamstring muscle architecture and viscoelastic properties: Reliability and retrospective comparison between previously injured and uninjured athletes, Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN: 0219-5194. DOI: 10.1142/S021951942150007X.

Furlong, L-A, Voukelatos, D, Kong, PW, Pain, M (2019) Changes in inertial parameters of the lower limb during the impact phase of dynamic tasks, Journal of Biomechanics, 99, 109488, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.109488.

Infantolino, BW, Forrester, S, Pain, M, Challis, JH (2019) The influence of model parameters on model validation, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 22(12), pp.997-1008, ISSN: 1025-5842. DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2019.1614173.

Tillin, NA, Pain, M, Folland, J (2018) Contraction speed and type influences rapid utilisation of available muscle force: neural and contractile mechanisms, Journal of Experimental Biology, 221(24), jeb193367, ISSN: 0022-0949. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.193367.

Behan, F, Maden-Wilkinson, TM, Pain, M, Folland, J (2018) Sex differences in muscle morphology of the knee flexors and knee extensors, PlosOne, 13(1), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190903.

Voukelatos, D, Kirkland, M, Pain, M (2018) Training induced changes in quadriceps activation during maximal eccentric contractions, Journal of Biomechanics, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.03.025.

Behan, F, Willis, S, Pain, M, Folland, J (2018) Effects of football simulated fatigue on neuromuscular function and whole-body response to disturbances in balance, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN: 0905-7188. DOI: 10.1111/sms.13261.

Behan, F, Pain, M, Folland, J (2018) Explosive voluntary torque is related to whole-body response to unexpected perturbations, Journal of Biomechanics, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.016.

Tsui, F and Pain, M (2017) Muscle tension increases impact force but decreases energy absorption and pain during visco-elastic impacts to human thighs, Journal of Biomechanics, 67, pp.123-128, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.11.032.

Blenkinsop, G, Pain, M, Hiley, M (2017) Balance control strategies during perturbed and unperturbed balance in standing and handstand, Royal Society Open Science, 4(7), 161018, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.161018.

Evangelidis, P, Massey, GJ, Ferguson, R, Wheeler, P, Pain, M, Folland, J (2016) The functional significance of hamstrings composition: is it really a ‘fast’ muscle group?, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(11), pp.1181-1189, ISSN: 0905-7188. DOI: 10.1111/sms.12786.

Blenkinsop, G, Pain, M, Hiley, M (2016) Evaluating feedback time delay during perturbed and unperturbed balance in handstand, Human Movement Science, 48, pp.112-120, ISSN: 0167-9457. DOI: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.04.011.

Pain, MTG and Jessop, D (2016) Maximum velocities in flexion and extension actions for sport, Journal of Human Kinetics, 50(1), pp.37-44, ISSN: 1899-7562. DOI: 10.1515/hukin-2015-0139.

Evangelidis, PE, Massey, GJ, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2016) Strength and size relationships of the quadriceps and hamstrings with special reference to reciprocal muscle balance, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(3), pp.593-600, ISSN: 1439-6319. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-015-3321-7.

EVANGELIDIS, PE, MASSEY, GJ, PAIN, MTG, FOLLAND, JP (2015) Biceps Femoris Aponeurosis Size, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47(7), pp.1383-1389, ISSN: 0195-9131. DOI: 10.1249/mss.0000000000000550.

Evangelidis, PE, Pain, MTG, Folland, J (2015) Angle-specific hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio: A comparison of football players and recreationally active males, Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(3), pp.309-319, ISSN: 0264-0414. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.942680.

Voukelatos, D and Pain, M (2015) Modelling suppressed muscle activation by means of an exponential sigmoid function: validation and bounds, JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 48(4), pp.712-715, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.01.009.

Buckthorpe, M, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2014) Central fatigue contributes to the greater reductions in explosive than maximal strength with high‐intensity fatigue, Experimental Physiology, 99(7), pp.964-973, ISSN: 0958-0670. DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2013.075614.

Buckthorpe, M, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2014) Central fatigue contributes to the greater reductions in explosive than maximal strength with high-intensity fatigue, Experimental Physiology, ISSN: 0958-0670. DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2013.075614.

McErlain-Naylor, SA, King, M, Pain, M (2014) Determinants of countermovement jump performance: a kinetic and kinematic analysis, JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 32(19), pp.1805-1812, ISSN: 0264-0414. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.924055.

Pain, M (2014) Considerations for single and double leg drop jumps: bilateral deficit, standardizing drop height, and equalizing training load, JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 30(6), pp.722-727, ISSN: 1065-8483. DOI: 10.1123/jab.2014-0035.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2013) Identification of contraction onset during explosive contractions. Response to Thompson et al. "Consistency of rapid muscle force characteristics: Influence of muscle contraction onset detection methodology" [J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2012;22(6):893-900], Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 23(4), pp.991-994, ISSN: 1050-6411. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.04.015.

Roosen, A, Pain, MTG, Thouze, A, Monnet, T, Begon, M (2013) Segment-embedded frame definition affects the hip joint centre precision during walking, MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 35(8), pp.1228-1234, ISSN: 1350-4533. DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.03.013.

Buckthorpe, MW, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2013) Bilateral deficit in explosive force production is not caused by changes in agonist neural drive, PLoS One, 8(3), e57549.

Pain, MTG, Young, F, Kim, JW, Forrester, SE (2013) The torque–velocity relationship in large human muscles: maximum voluntary versus electrically stimulated behaviour, Journal of Biomechanics, 46, pp.645-650, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.11.052.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, J (2013) Explosive force production during isometric squats correlates with athletic performance in rugby union players, J Sports Sci, 31(1), pp.66-76, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2012.720704.

Pain, MTG, Young, F, Kim, J, Forrester, SE (2013) The torque-velocity relationship in large human muscles: Maximum voluntary versus electrically stimulated behaviour, Journal of Biomechanics, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.11.052.

Buckthorpe, MW, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2013) Bilateral deficit in explosive force production is not caused by changes in agonist neural drive, PLoS One, 8(3), e57549, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057549.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2013) Identification of contraction onset during explosive contractions. Response to Thompson et al. "Consistency of rapid muscle force characteristics: Influence of muscle contraction onset detection methodology" [J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2012;22(6):893-900], Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, ISSN: 1050-6411. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.04.015.

Monnet, T, Thouzé, A, Pain, MTG, Begon, M (2012) Assessment of reproducibility of thigh marker ranking during walking and landing tasks, Medical Engineering and Physics, 34(8), pp.1200-1208, ISSN: 1350-4533. DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2012.05.006.

Buckthorpe, MW, Hannah, R, Pain, TG, Folland, JP (2012) Reliability of neuromuscular measurements during explosive isometric contractions, with special reference to electromyography normalization techniques, Muscle Nerve, 46(4), pp.566-576, DOI: 10.1002/mus.23322.

Tsui, F and Pain, MTG (2012) Utilising human performance criteria and computer simulation to design a martial arts kicking robot with increased biofidelity, PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART P-JOURNAL OF SPORTS ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 226(P3-4), pp.244-252, ISSN: 1754-3371. DOI: 10.1177/1754337112439275.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2012) Contraction type influences the human ability to use the available torque capacity of skeletal muscle during explosive efforts, Proc Biol Sci, 279(1736), pp.2106-2115, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2011.2109.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2012) Short-term training for explosive strength causes neural and mechanical adaptations, Exp Physiol, 97(5), pp.630-641, DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2011.063040.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2012) Short-term training for explosive strength causes neural and mechanical adaptations, Experimental Physiology, 97(5), pp.630-641, ISSN: 0958-0670. DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2011.063040.

Monnet, T, Thouzé, A, Pain, MTG, Begon, M (2012) Assessment of reproducibility of thigh marker ranking during walking and landing tasks, Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN: 1350-4533.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2011) Short-term unilateral resistance training affects the agonist-antagonist but not the force-agonist activation relationship, Muscle and Nerve, 43(3), pp.375-384, ISSN: 1097-4598. DOI: 10.1002/mus.21885.

Forrester, S, Yeadon, MR, King, MA, Pain, MTG (2011) Comparing different approaches for determining joint torque parameters from isovelocity dynamometer measurements, Journal of Biomechanics, 44(5), pp.955-961, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.11.024.

Forrester, S, Presswood, RG, Toy, AC, Pain, MTG (2011) Occlusal measurement method can affect SEMG activity during occlusion, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN: 1365-2842. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02205.x.

Forrester, S, Presswood, R, Toy, A, Pain, MTG (2011) Occlusal measurement method can affect SEMG activity during occlusion, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 38, pp.655-660, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02205.x.

Toon, DT, Vinet, A, Pain, MTG, Caine, MP (2011) A methodology to investigate the relationship between lower-limb dynamics and shoe stiffness using custom-built footwear, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 225(1), pp.32-37, ISSN: 1754-3371. DOI: 10.1177/1754337110396792.

Mills, C, Yeadon, MR, Pain, MTG (2010) Modifying landing mat material properties may decrease peak contact forces but increase forefoot forces in gymnastics landings, Sports Biomechanics, 9(3), pp.153-164, ISSN: 1476-3141. DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2010.524244.

Tillin, NA, Jimenez Reyes, P, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2010) Neuromuscular Performance of Explosive Power Athletes versus Untrained Individuals, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42(4), pp.781-790, ISSN: 0195-9131. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181be9c7e.

Neville, V, Pain, MTG, Kantor, J, Folland, JP (2010) Influence of Crank Length and Crank-Axle Height on Standing Arm-Crank (Grinding) Power, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42(2), pp.381-387, ISSN: 0195-9131. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b46f3a.

Forrester, S, Allen, SJ, Presswood, R, Toy, A, Pain, MTG (2010) Neuromuscular function in healthy occlusion, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 37, pp.663-669, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2010.02097.x.

Forrester, S and Pain, MTG (2010) A combined muscle model and wavelet approach to interpreting the EMG signals from maximal dynamic knee extensions, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 26, pp.62-72.

Yeadon, MR, King, MA, Forrester, S, Caldwell, GE, Pain, MTG (2010) The need for muscle co-contraction prior to a landing, Journal of Biomechanics, 43(2), pp.364-369, ISSN: 0021-9290.

Roosen, A, Pain, MTG, Begon, M (2009) Limitations of Functionally Determined Joint Centers for the Analysis of Athletic Human Movement: A Case Study of the Upper Limb, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 25(4), pp.281-292, ISSN: 1065-8483.

Neville, V, Zaher, N, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2009) Lower Limb Influence on Standing Arm-cranking (`grinding'), International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(10), pp.713-718, ISSN: 0172-4622. DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1231044.

Pain, MTG and Forrester, S (2009) Predicting maximum eccentric strength from surface EMG measurements, Journal of Biomechanics, 42(11), pp.1598-1603, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.04.037.

Bowtell, MV, King, MA, Pain, MTG (2009) Analysis of the Keeper-Dependent Strategy in the Soccer Penalty Kick, International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering, 3(2), pp.93-102, ISSN: 1750-9823.

Neville, V, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2009) Aerobic power and peak power of elite America's Cup sailors, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 106(1), pp.149-157, ISSN: 1439-6319. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1002-0.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2009) Reducing ground reaction forces in gymnastics - landings may increase internal loading, Journal of Biomechanics, 42(6), pp.671-678, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.01.019.

Forrester, S, Pain, MTG, Presswood, P, Toy, A (2009) Do the physical properties of occlusal-indicating media affect muscle activity (EMG) during use? Texas Dental Journal, 126, pp.516-525.

Forrester, S, Pain, MTG, Presswood, R, Toy, A (2009) Effects of occlusal conditions on neuromuscular function for a healthy population, Texas Dental Journal, 126, pp.222-236.

Challis, JH and Pain, MTG (2008) Soft tissue motion mediates skeletal loads during impacts, Exercise and Sports Science Reviews, 36(2), pp.71-75.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2008) The influence of simulation model complexity on the estimation of internal loading in gymnastics landings, Journal of Biomechanics, 41(3), pp.620-628.

Perez Jimenez, I and Pain, MTG (2008) Relative age effect in Spanish association football: its extent and implications for wasted potential, Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(10), pp.995-1003.

Pain, MTG, Tsui, F, Cove, S (2008) In vivo determination of the effect of shoulder pads on tackling forces in rugby, Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(8), pp.75-82.

Pain, MTG and Hibbs, A (2007) Sprint starts and the minimum auditory reaction time, Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(1), pp.79-86, ISSN: 1466-447X. DOI: 10.1080/02640410600718004.

Pain, MTG and Challis, JH (2006) The influence of soft tissue movement on ground reaction forces, joint torques and joint reaction forces in drop landings, Journal of Biomechanics, 39(1), pp.119-124, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.10.036.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2006) Modelling a viscoelastic gymnastics landing mat during impact, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 22(2), pp.103-11, ISSN: 1065-8483.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2005) Video analysis of the deformation and effective mass of gymnastics landing mats, Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 37(10), pp.1754-1760, ISSN: 0195-9131. DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000175053.81453.aa.

Pain, MTG and Pain, MA (2005) Risk taking in sport, The Lancet, 366, pp.33-34.

Pain, MTG and Challis, JH (2004) Wobbling mass influence on impact ground reaction forces: a simulation model sensitivity analysis, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 20(3), pp.309-316, ISSN: 1065-8483.

Pain, MTG (2003) Identifying reaction times in sprint starts: A comparison of wavelet analysis and custom algorithms, International Journal of Computer Science in Sport, 2(2), pp.129-131.

Pain, MTG and Challis, JH (2002) Soft tissue motion during impacts: their potential contribution to energy dissipation, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 18(3), pp.231-242, ISSN: 1065-8483.

Pain, MTG (2002) The warm up, Journal of the Shotokan Research Society International, 1(4).

Pain, MTG and Challis, JH (2001) The role of the heel pad and shank soft tissue during impacts: A further resolution of a paradox, Journal of Biomechanics, 34(3), pp.327-333, ISSN: 0021-9290. DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00199-8.

Pain, MTG and Challis, JH (2001) A high resolution technique for determining body segment inertial parameters and their variation due to soft tissue motion, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 17(4), pp.326-334.

Pain, MT (2000) Biomechanics of making a fist, Journal of the Shotokan Research Society International, 1(4).

Newell, KM, Sprague, RL, Pain, MTG, Deutsch, KM, Meinhold, P (1999) Dynamics of self-injurious behaviors, American Journal on Mental Retardation, 104(1), pp.11-21.



Conferences

Egginton, N, Furlong, L-A, Pain, M, Li, B, Sanderson, P (2020) Accuracy of machine learning to determine gait events from electromyography signals. In Virtual 44th Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Atlanta, US.

Robinson, C, Li, B, Meng, Q, Pain, M (2019) A deep adaptive framework for robust myoelectric hand movement prediction. In UK Robotics and Autonomous Systems, UK-RAS 2019, Loughborough.

Nin, DZ, Kong, PW, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2018) Hamstrings Muscle Activation During Different Strengthening Exercises. In , MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, pp.830-831.

Robinson, C, Li, B, Meng, Q, Pain, M (2018) Effectiveness of surface electromyography in pattern classification for upper limb amputees. In Int. Conf. Artificial Intelligence and Pattern Recognition, Beijing,ISBN: 9781450365246.

Robinson, C, Li, B, Meng, Q, Pain, M (2017) Pattern classification of hand movements using time domain features of electromyography. In 4th International Conference on Movement Computing, London,ISBN: 9781450352093. DOI: 10.1145/3077981.3078031.

Behan, F, Maden-Wilkinson, TM, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2016) Sex Differences In Hamstrings To Quadriceps Muscle Volume Ratio. In , Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, pp.388-388, DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000486172.10588.a6.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2012) Training for Maximal vs. Explosive Strength Elicits Distinct Neuromuscular Adaptations. In , MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, pp.87-88.

Buckthorpe, M, Pain, MTG, Folland, JF (2012) A bilateral deficit in explosive, but not maximal force production. In The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd Conference Centre, London, pp.0-0.

Blenkinsop, G, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2012) A stationary vs non-stationary analysis of inverted stance. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences 27, University of Ulster, Belfast, pp.---.

Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2012) Temporal Aynchronization of pinch and release from a rigid object. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, 27, University of Ulster, Belfast, -.

Voukelatos, D and Pain, MTG (2012) Changes in quadriceps activation during maximal eccentric contractions following short term training. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, 27, University of Ulster, Belfast, -.

Buckthorpe, MW, Pain, MTG, Folland, JF (2012) Fatigue induces a greater decline in explosive than maximal force production with evidence for neural and contractile mechanisms. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Bruges, -.

Cimadora, G, Minetti, AE, Pain, MTG, Hoecke, J van, JV, Alberti, G, Babault, N, Yeadon, MR (2012) Comparison between squat jump vs. weighted squat jump: simulation study. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Gainesville, USA, -.

Blenkinsop, G, Pain, MTG, Hiley, MJ (2012) Using stationary and non-stationary measures of balance to assess handstand performance. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Gainesville, USA, -.

Voukelatos, D and Pain, MTG (2012) Training induced changes in quadriceps activation during maximal eccentric contractions. In Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Gainesville, USA, -.

Buckthorpe, M, Hannah, R, Pain, MTG, Folland, JF (2011) Neural adaptations explain the greater increase in 1RM than isometric strength following short-term resistance training. In British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Essex, pp.0-0.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2011) The effects of increased muscle activations on sprint start kinematics; a theoretical approach. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Liverpool, UK.

Pain, MTG, Young, F, Kim, JW, Forrester, S (2011) Knee extensor and flexor torque - angle - angular velocity profiles from maximal voluntary and electrically stimulated efforts. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Long Beach, USA.

Pain, MTG, Young, F, Kim, JW, Forrester, S (2011) Maximal voluntary and electrically stimulated torque - angle - angular velocity profiles of the knee extensors and flexors. In 23rd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Brussels.

Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2011) Temporal coordination limits in different pinching and releasing tasks. In 23rd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Brussels.

Pain, MTG (2011) Passive and active muscle effects on impacts. In 2011 IUTAM symposium on impact biomechanics in sport, University College Dublin, Dublin, p.109488.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2011) The effect of joint orientation in the 'set' position on sprint start performance. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, 26, University of Chichester, Chichester.

Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2011) Errors in elbow wrist coordination during a throwing action. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, 26, University of Chichester, Chichester.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Oguz, HE, Lewis, GA, Folland, JP (2010) A unique method of measuring dynamic rate of torque development: comparison of explosive power athletes and controls. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Rhode Island, USA, pp.381-387.

Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2010) Limitations to synchronization of coordinated finger movement. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Rhode Island, USA, pp.381-387.

Pain, MTG, Buckeridge, E, O'Brien, TD, Forrester, S (2010) Active force enhancement as a source of SSC enhancement. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Rhode Island, USA, pp.381-387.

Thouze, A, Monnet, T, Begon, M, Pain, MTG (2010) Determination of optimal placements of markers on the thigh during walking and landing. In ICEM 14 - 14th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics Poitiers, Poitiers, France, p.21005, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20100621005.

Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ, Pain, MTG (2010) Limitations to synchronization of coordinated finger movement. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Bath, Bath, p.21005.

Buckeridge, E, Forrester, S, O'Brien, TD, Pain, MTG (2010) Is active force enhancement a source of SSC enhancement?. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Bath, Bath, p.21005.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Curbishley, MA, Folland, JP (2010) Mechanical and neural adaptations to short-term explosive strength training. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Bath, Bath, p.21005.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Curbishley, MA, Folland, JP (2010) Training explosive muscle performance affects agonist activation and the mechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit. In Proceedings of the International Society of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Aalborg, Denmark, pp.153-164.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2009) Mechanical and biomechanical limitations of the sprint start. In Proceedings of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences Annual Conference, Leeds, UK, p.9.

Neville, V, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2009) Optimising Arm-crank Configurations: Testing the Most Powerful Upper-body Athletes in Sport. In Proceedings of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences Annual Conference, Leeds, UK, p.9.

Pain, MTG, Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ (2009) Muscle recruitment order in various reaction time tests. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Tsui, F and Pain, MTG (2009) The effects of testing techniques on the performance of chest protectors in Tae Kwon Do. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Perez Jimenez, I and Pain, MTG (2009) Measuring the propagation of a mechanical wave through soft tissue with a 3d motion capture system. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Forrester, S and Pain, MTG (2009) Specificity in the strength and power profiles of elite athletes. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Forrester, S, Pain, MTG, Toy, A, Presswood, R (2009) The validity of different occlusal indicators. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Pain, MTG, Begon, M, Forrester, S (2009) Reductions in stretch shorten cycle force enhancement with increased coupling time during maximal knee extensions. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Pain, MTG, Begon, M, Forrester, S (2009) Maximal knee extension stretch shorten cycles on an isovelocity dynamometer to examine active force enhancement. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Penn State, USA, p.9.

Pain, MTG, Gu, Y, Hiley, MJ (2009) Variation in reaction times & activation patterns between different muscle groups. In 22nd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, p.9.

Pain, MTG, Begon, M, Forrester, S (2009) Active force enhancement following stretch during isometric contractions and subsequent concentric contractions in maximal voluntary knee extensions. In 22nd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, p.9.

Begon, M, Forrester, S, Pain, MTG (2009) Effect of coupling time on stretch shorten cycle force enhancement for maximal knee extensions on an isovelocity dynamometer. In 22nd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, p.9.

Forrester, S, Pain, MTG, Toy, A, Presswood, R (2009) Does indicator type affect muscle activity during occlusion?. In 22nd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, p.9.

Forrester, S and Pain, MTG (2009) Strength and power characteristics for elite athletes from different sports. In 22nd Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cape Town, p.9.

Tsui, F and Pain, MTG (2009) In vivo measurements required for assessing the effectiveness of personal protective equipment in Tae Kwon Do. In Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Protective Clothing (ECPC) and Nokobotef 9, Arnhem, Netherlands, p.9.

Neville, V, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2009) Elite America's cup sailors are among the most powerful upper body trained athletes. In American College of Sports Medicine's 56th Annual Meeting, Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, Seattle, Washington, p.9.

Tillin, NA, Pain, MTG, Folland, JP (2009) Strength training affects the agonist-antagonist but not the force-agonist activation relationship. In Proceedings of the Physiological Society 14 PC25, Journal of Physiology, Kings College, London, p.9.

Perez Jimenez, I and Pain, MTG (2008) Relative age effect in Spanish elite youth football. In Researching Youth Football: Multidisciplinary Dialogues, Loughborough, UK, pp.149-157.

Pain, MTG and Forrester, S (2008) Simple models of drop jumps: evaluating a model against the subject specific group of models from which it was developed. In Proceedings of the 4th North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, USA, p.20.

Forrester, S, Pain, MTG, Toy, A, Presswood, R (2008) A surface EMG study of healthy jaw function. In Proceedings of the 4th North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, USA, p.20.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2008) Modifying landing mat material properties to reduce injuries in gymnastic landings. In Proceedings of the 4th North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, USA, p.20.

Tsui, F and Pain, MTG (2008) The effects of muscle tension on human biomechanical response and perceived impact intensity. In Proceedings of the 4th North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, USA, p.20.

Perez Jimenez, I and Pain, MTG (2008) Using Vicon to determine the area and volume of body segments. In Proceedings of the 4th North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, USA, p.20.

Tillin, N, Jimenez, P, Pain, MTG, Folland, J (2008) Differences in rate of force development and neural activation between elite explosive power athletes and controls. In Proceedings of the 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science, Estoril, Portugal, p.20.

Tsui, F and Pain, MTG (2008) The effects of muscle tension on human impact response and injury. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, p.36.

Pain, MTG and Forrester, S (2008) Evaluating models built from subject-specific models: new insights. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, p.18.

Forrester, S and Pain, MTG (2008) Healthy jaws: neuromuscular function during clenching. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, p.14.

Tillin, N, Jimenez, P, Pain, MTG, Folland, J (2008) A comparison of rate of force development and neural activation between elite power athletes and controls. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, p.12.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2008) Modifying landing mat material properties to reduce injuries in gymnastics landings. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, p.36.

Pain, MTG, Tsui, F, Cove, SR (2007) In vivo determination of the effect of shoulder pads on tackling forces in rugby. In Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Bath, UK, p.14.

Pain, MTG and Forrester, SE (2007) EMG characteristics of dynamic knee extensions determined by combined muscle modelling and wavelet analysis. In Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford, USA, p.20.

Forrester, SE and Pain, MTG (2007) Maximising the resolution of EMG characteristics from dynamic contractions by combining a muscle model and wavelet analysis. In Proceeding of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford, USA, p.20.

Pain, MTG and Forrester, SE (2007) Tetanic force estimation from surface EMG of maximal voluntary eccentric and concentric contractions. In Proceedings of the fifth IASTED Conference on Biomechanics, Honolulu, USA, pp.33-34.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2007) Optimising landing strategies to minimise injury risk during gymnastics landings. In 21st Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Taipei, p.20.

Roosen, A and Pain, MTG (2007) Reproducibility of torques in the spine during a taekwondo kicking combination. In 21st Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Taipei, p.20.

Roosen, A and Pain, MTG (2007) Kinematic changes in the reproduction of a taekwondo kicking combination. In 21st Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Taipei, p.20.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2007) An angle driven model of the sprint start. In 21st Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Taipei, p.20.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2007) Optimising landing strategies to minimise injury risk during gymnastics landings. In Mathematics in Sport Book of Abstracts, The Lowry, Salford, UK, p.20.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2007) Minimising ground reaction forces does not necessarily minimise internal loading in gymnastics landings. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, p.8.

Forrester, SE and Pain, MTG (2007) The surface EMG characteristics of maximal knee extensions at different contraction velocities. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, p.11.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2007) Effects of the number of foot segments and viscoelastic properties of the foot in an angle driven model of the sprint start. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, p.19.

Roosen, A and Pain, MTG (2007) Leg and torso angle changes in a taekwondo kicking combination. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, p.20.

Forrester, S and Pain, MTG (2007) The surface EMG characteristics of maximal knee extensions at different contraction velocities. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool Moores University.

Forrester, SE and Pain, MTG (2007) Surface EMG characteristics of dynamic contractions: A combined muscle model and wavelet approach. In Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Bath, UK, p.20.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2006) Selection of a simulation model for assessing injury risk in gymnastics landings. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Blacksburg, USA, pp.6-9.

Pain, MTG and O'Brien, TD (2006) Stretch shorten cycle enhancement decays with increased coupling time during jumping and iso-velocity knee extensions. In Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, pp.30-34.

Roosen, A and Pain, MTG (2006) Impact timing and stretch in relation to foot velocity in a taekwondo kicking combination. In Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, pp.30-34.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2006) Marker position and model creation using Vicon. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association, Loughborough University, p.2.

Roosen, A and Pain, MTG (2006) Functional joint centre determination for kinematic analysis: Implementation in Vicon for 3D analysis of martial athletes. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, p.3.

Pain, MTG (2006) Bi-lateral deficit in endurance and power athletes during drop jumps. In Proceedings of the Biomechanics Interest Group of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, p.9.

Pain, MTG and Cove, S (2005) Impact attenuation by rugby shoulder pads during a front on tackle. In Communications to the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Journal of Sports Sciences, Loughborough, UK, pp.1156-1157.

Pain, MTG (2005) Optimizing Impacts. In Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough, UK, pp.4-7.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Jessop, DM (2005) Determining subject specific torque-velocity relationships with the inclusion of high velocity torque data. In Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, USA, pp.31-35.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2005) Modeling the gymnast-mat interaction during vault landings. In Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, USA, pp.31-35.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2004) Maximum Velocity Movements. In Proceedings of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Lilleshall, Newport, UK, p.18.

Jessop, DM and Pain, MTG (2004) Strategies for maximum velocity movements in relation to reaction time and performance outcome. In Communications to the Annual Conference of British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Journal of Sports Sciences, Liverpool, UK, p.94.

Yeadon, MR, Mills, C, Pain, MTG (2003) Area deformation characteristics of gymnastic landing mats. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Toledo, USA, pp.25-27.

Mills, C, Pain, MTG, Yeadon, MR (2003) A simple computer simulation model of the deformation characteristics of gymnastic landing mats. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Toledo, USA, pp.25-27.

Pain, MTG, Mills, C, Yeadon, MR (2003) Determining shock transmission times and variable effective mass of gymnastics landing mats under loading conditions produced by male gymnasts. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Toledo, USA, pp.25-27.

Pain, MTG (2003) Identifying reaction times in sprint starts: Hardware and software development. In Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, pp.6-11.

Pain, MTG (2003) Identifying reaction times in sprint starts: A comparison of wavelet analysis and custom algorithms. In Proceedings of the 1st Meeting of Complex Systems of Sport and 4th International Conference of Computer Science of Sport, Barcelona, pp.14-17.

Pain, MTG (2002) Symposium on diet, obesity and exercise. In British Association Festival of Science, University of Leicester, UK, pp.9-13.

Pain, MTG and Koitabashi, M (2002) A comparison of bi-lateral deficit in elite endurance and elite power athletes during drop jumps. In Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, pp.4-9.

Pain, MT and Challis, JH (2001) Whole body force distributions in landing from a drop. In Proceedings of the 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, ETH, Zurich, pp.8-13.

Pain, MT and Challis, JH (2000) Analysis of the contribution of soft tissue motion to energy dissipation in a karate strike. In Communications to the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool, pp.10-11.

Pain, MT and Challis, JH (1999) Calculation of body segment inertial parameters using a sonic digitizer. In Herzog, W and Jinha, AE (ed) International Society of Biomechanics XVIIth Congrress: Book of Abstracts, University of Calgary, p.704.

Pain, MT and Challis, JH (1999) Simulation of a wobbling mass model during an impact: A sensitivity analysis. In International Society of Biomechanics XVIIth Congress: Book of Abstracts, University of Calgary, p.567.

Pain, MT and Challis, JH (1998) Measurement of the soft tissue motion of the thigh during an impact. In Proceedings of the 3rd North Smerican Congress on Biomechanics, University of Waterloo, pp.14-18.

Pain, MT, Ashton Jones, A, Franks, S, Challis, JH (1996) Estimates of precision of body segment inertial parameters determined by geometric solid modeling. In Proceedings of Biomechanics section of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, pp.13-16.



Books

Chung, P, Meng, Q, Pain, M (2016) Preface.

Chung, P, Soltoggio, A, Dawson, C, Meng, Q, Pain, M (ed) (2015) Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Computer Science in Sports (ISCSS), Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-24558-4. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-24560-7.



Reports

Pain, MTG (2011) UK Training Comparative Analysis within a Motor Learning Framework, Force Science Institute.

Pain, MTG (2008) A biomechanical determination of the possibility of kicking a prone person, p.9, Turners Solicitors (+ supplement 2009).

Pain, MTG (2006) Assessing biomechanical injury mechanisms in an infant, p.9, Essex Crown Prosecution Service.

Pain, MTG (2005) Mechanics of balance on exiting from a police van, p.4, Ward and Griffiths Solicitors.

Pain, MTG (2005) Investigation into reaction times, movement times and movement patterns to auditory and violent physical stimuli, p.14, The Forensic Science Service & Surry Police Authority.

Pain, MTG (2003) Biomechanics report on thrusting forward from a semi prone position, p.6, Ward and Griffiths Solicitors.

Pain, MTG (2002) Biomechanics based assessment of injury potential to children in certain judo techniques, p.28, British Judo Association.

Pain, MTG (2002) Boxing Information: Punching and Injury, p.18, Consolidated Communications.

King, MA, Pain, MTG, McGrath, R (2001) Civilian Footsteps: Forces exerted on the ground by civilians during everyday activities, Landmine Action.



Other

King, MA, Pain, MT, McGrath, R (2001) Civilian footsteps. Forces exerted on the ground by civilians during everyday activities.



Getting in touch

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