Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications

Publications for Carmen Torres-Sanchez

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Journal Articles

Yang, S, Hufenbach, J, Scudino, S, Conway, P, Torres, C (2023) Can multifunctionality of bioresorbable BMGs be tuned by controlling crystallinity?, Key Engineering Materials, 967, pp.131-136, ISSN: 1013-9826. DOI: 10.4028/p-infgb6.

Torres, C, Alabort, E, Herring, O, Bell, H, Tam, C, Yang, S, Conway, P (2023) Multidimensional analysis for the correlation of physico-chemical attributes to osteoblastogenesis in TiNbZrSnTa alloys, Biomaterials Advances, 153, 213572, ISSN: 2772-9516. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioadv.2023.213572.

Torres, C, Wang, J, Kottut, K, Moore, B, Conway, P (2023) Electrochemical removal of secondary roughness on selective laser melted titanium with an ethylene–glycol-based electrolyte, Materials Letters, 343, 134367, ISSN: 0167-577X. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2023.134367.

Borgman, J, Conway, P, Torres, C (2022) The use of inorganic process control agents to mill titanium‑niobium powders suitable for the selective laser melting process, Powder Technology, 407, 117546, ISSN: 0032-5910. DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2022.117546.

Torres, C, Borgman, J, Sargeant, B, Bell, H, Alabort, E, Lindsay, C, Conway, P (2021) Comparison of selective laser melted commercially pure titanium sheet-based triply periodic minimal surfaces and trabecular-like strut-based scaffolds for tissue engineering, Advanced Engineering Materials, 24(1), 2100527, ISSN: 1438-1656. DOI: 10.1002/adem.202100527.

Torres-Sanchez, C, Alabort, E, Wang, J, Norrito, M, Conway, PP (Accepted for publication) In-silico design and experimental validation of TiNbTaZrMoSn to assess accuracy of mechanical and biocompatibility predictive models, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, pp.104858-104858, ISSN: 1751-6161. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104858.

Borgman, J, Wang, J, Zani, L, Conway, P, Torres, C (2021) The effect of energy density and Nb content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of selective laser melted Ti-(10-30 wt.%) Nb, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 30, pp.8771-8783, ISSN: 1059-9495. DOI: 10.1007/s11665-021-06239-5.

Holt, J, Torres, C, Conway, P (2021) Monitoring the continuous manufacture of a polymeric foam via a thermokinetic-informed acoustic technique, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 235(6), pp.1998-2007, ISSN: 0954-4089. DOI: 10.1177/09544089211026549.

Torres-Sanchez, C, Norrito, M, Almushref, F, Conway, P (Accepted for publication) The impact of multimodal pore size considered independently from porosity on mechanical performance and osteogenic behaviour of titanium scaffolds, Materials Science and Engineering: C, pp.112026-112026, ISSN: 0928-4931. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2021.112026.

Wang, J, Torres, C, Borgman, J, Zani, L, Conway, P (2020) Template-free, microscale dimple patterning of pure titanium surface through anodic dissolution using non-aqueous ethylene glycol-TiCl4 electrolytes, Surface and Coatings Technology, 404, 126555, ISSN: 0257-8972. DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126555.

Torres, C, Norrito, M, Wang, J, Bell, H, Zani, L, Conway, P (2020) Physico-chemical characterisation of Ti-Nb-Sn alloys surfaces and their osteogenic properties, Surface and Coatings Technology, 403, 126439, ISSN: 0257-8972. DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126439.

Torres, C, Abyaneh, MH, Holt, J, Mee, B, Wang, J, Conway, P (2020) Enhanced interfacial adhesion and mechanical performance of lightweight polyurethane foam reinforced with a low content of aligned magnetised short carbon fibres, Composite Interfaces, 28(3), pp.309-328, ISSN: 0927-6440. DOI: 10.1080/09276440.2020.1774213.

Torres, C, Wang, J, Norrito, M, Zani, L, Conway, P (2020) Addition of Sn to TiNb alloys to improve mechanical performance and surface properties conducive to enhanced cell activity, Materials Science and Engineering: C, 115, 110839, ISSN: 0928-4931. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.110839.

Holt, J, Blackwell, S, Zani, L, Torres, C (2019) Comparison of elastic properties of low-density polymeric foams determined by ultrasonic wave propagation and quasi-static mechanical testing, Materials Letters, 263, 127243, ISSN: 0167-577X. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2019.127243.

Torres, C, Perez-Lopez, AM, Alqahtani, M, Unciti-Broceta, A, Rubio-Ruiz, B (2018) Design and manufacture of functional catalyst-carrier structures for the bioorthogonal activation of anticancer agents, New Journal of Chemistry, 43, pp.1449-1458, ISSN: 1144-0546. DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05704D.

Torres, C, McLaughlin, J, Fotticchia, A (2018) Porosity and pore size effect on the properties of sintered Ti35Nb4Sn alloy scaffolds and their suitability for tissue engineering applications, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN: 1873-4669. DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.10.026.

Torres, C, McLaughlin, J, Bonallo, R (2018) Effect of pore size, morphology and orientation on the bulk stiffness of a porous Ti35Nb4Sn alloy, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, ISSN: 1059-9495. DOI: 10.1007/s11665-018-3380-0.

Torres, C and Balodimos, N (2017) Development of a nanodiamond-based lubricant for a versatile use in the beverage industry conveyor systems, Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, ISSN: 0036-8792. DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0022.

Barlow, E, Bradley, AM, Mulholland, AJ, Torres-Sanchez, C (2017) A weak-inertia mathematical model of bubble growth in a polymer foam, Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 244, pp.1-14, ISSN: 0377-0257. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2017.03.008.

Torres, C and Balodimos, N (2017) Effective and eco-friendly lubrication protocol using nanodiamonds in a dry regime for conveyor systems in the beverage industry, Packaging Technology and Science, 30(5), ISSN: 1099-1522. DOI: 10.1002/pts.2294.

Hillman, SJ, Hollington, J, Crossan, N, Torres, C (2017) Correlation of ISO 16840-2:2007 impact damping and hysteresis measures for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions, Assistive Technology, ISSN: 1040-0435. DOI: 10.1080/10400435.2016.1261963.

Torres, C, Almushref, FR, Norrito, M, Yendall, K, Liu, Y, Conway, P (2017) The effect of pore size and porosity on mechanical properties and biological response of porous titanium scaffolds, Materials Science and Engineering C, ISSN: 0928-4931. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2017.03.249.

Torres, C, Huang, C, Steel, G (2016) Optimization of assembly instructions for a low-cost housing solution, Information Design Journal, 22(1), pp.32-48, ISSN: 1876-486X. DOI: 10.1075/idj.22.1.04tor.

Brook-Smith, S, Robson, M, Johnson, N, Lam, A, Leonard, M, Torres-Sanchez, C, Desmulliez, M, Denison, FC (2014) PD.04 Development and rapid prototyping of an illuminated mirror for waterbirths – from concept to prototype, Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 99(Suppl 1), pp.A81.3-A82, ISSN: 1359-2998. DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2014-306576.233.

Weiss, JT, Dawson, JC, Macleod, KG, Rybski, W, Fraser, C, Torres-Sanchez, C, Patton, EE, Bradley, M, Carragher, NO, Unciti-Broceta, A (2014) Extracellular palladium-catalysed dealkylation of 5-fluoro-1-propargyl-uracil as a bioorthogonally activated prodrug approach, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 5, ARTN 3277, ISSN: 2041-1723. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4277.

Hollington, J, Hillman, SJ, Torres-Sánchez, C, Boeckx, J, Crossan, N (2014) ISO 16840-2:2007 load deflection and hysteresis measurements for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions, Medical Engineering and Physics, 36(4), pp.509-515, ISSN: 1350-4533. DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.10.010.

Weiss, JT, Dawson, JC, Fraser, C, Rybski, W, Torres, C, Bradley, M, Patton, EE, Carragher, NO, Unciti-Broceta, A (2014) Development and bioorthogonal activation of palladium-labile prodrugs of gemcitabine, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 57(12), pp.5395-5404, ISSN: 0022-2623. DOI: 10.1021/jm500531z.

Hollington, J, Hillman, SJ, Torres-Sánchez, C, Boeckx, J, Crossan, N (2013) ISO 16840-2:2007 load deflection and hysteresis measurements for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions, Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN: 1350-4533. DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.10.010.

Torres-Sanchez, C (2011) A Novel Manufacturing Strategy for Bio-Inspired Cellular Structures, International Journal of Design Engineering, 4(1), pp.5-22, DOI: 10.1504/IJDE.2011.041406.

Torres-Sánchez, C and Corney, JR (2011) Morphological and biological characterization of density engineered foams fabricated by ultrasonic sonication, Journal of Materials Science, 46(2), pp.490-499, ISSN: 0022-2461. DOI: 10.1007/s10853-010-4944-z.

Torres-Sánchez, C and Corney, J (2010) Manufacture of graded porosity foams: Simulation of local ultrasonic pressure and comparison with experimental results, 20th International Congress on Acoustics 2010, ICA 2010 - Incorporating Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference of the Australian Acoustical Society, 1, pp.527-534.

Jagadeesan, AP, Wenzel, J, Corney, JR, Yan, X, Sherlock, A, Torres-Sanchez, C, Regli, W (2010) Fast human classification of 3D object benchmarks, Eurographics Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval, EG 3DOR, pp.55-62, ISSN: 1997-0463. DOI: 10.2312/3DOR/3DOR10/055-062.

Corney, JR, Torres-Sánchez, C, Jagadeesan, AP, Yan, XT, Regli, WC, Medellin, H (2010) Putting the crowd to work in a knowledge-based factory, Advanced Engineering Informatics, 24(3), pp.243-250, ISSN: 1474-0346. DOI: 10.1016/j.aei.2010.05.011.

Torres-Sanchez, C and Corney, JR (2009) Porosity tailoring mechanisms in sonicated polymeric foams, Smart Materials and Structures, 18(10), ISSN: 0964-1726. DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/18/10/104001.

Jagadeesan, AP, Lynn, A, Corney, JR, Yan, XT, Torres-Sanchez, C, Wenzel, J, Sherlock, A, Regli, W (2009) Geometric reasoning via internet crowdsourcing, Proceedings - SPM 2009: SIAM/ACM Joint Conference on Geometric and Physical Modeling, pp.313-318, DOI: 10.1145/1629255.1629296.

Torres-Sánchez, C and Corney, J (2009) Identification of formation stages in a polymeric foam customised by sonication via electrical resistivity measurements, Journal of Polymer Research, 16(5), pp.461-470, ISSN: 1022-9760. DOI: 10.1007/s10965-008-9249-4.

Torres-Sanchez, C and Corney, JR (2009) Toward functionally graded cellular microstructures, Journal of Mechanical Design, 131(9), pp.0910111-0910117, ISSN: 1050-0472. DOI: 10.1115/1.3158985.

Corney, JR, Torres-Sánchez, C, Jagadeesan, AP, Regli, WC (2009) Outsourcing labour to the cloud, International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 4(4), pp.294-313, ISSN: 1740-8822. DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2009.033083.

Corney, JR and Torres-Sanchez, C (2008) Towards functionally graded cellular microstructures, Proceedings of the ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS2008, 1, pp.45-53, DOI: 10.1115/SMASIS2008-414.

Torres-Sanchez, C and Corney, JR (2008) Effects of ultrasound on polymeric foam porosity, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 15(4), pp.408-415, ISSN: 1350-4177. DOI: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2007.05.002.

Lim, T, Medellin, H, Torres-Sanchez, C, Corney, JR, Ritchie, JM, Davies, JBC (2005) Edge-based identification of DP-features on free-form solids, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 27(6), pp.851-860, ISSN: 0162-8828. DOI: 10.1109/TPAMI.2005.118.


Torres, C and Conway, P (2023) Why a PhD? An exercise with LEGO®: Using novel communication tools to express multi-level complex messages. In 2023 American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, Baltimore, USA.

Borgman, J, Wang, J, Zani, L, Conway, P, Torres, C (2021) Use of mechanical alloying to develop novel titanium alloy powders suitable for the selective laser melting process. In Euro PM2021 Congress and Exhibition; Euro PM2021 Proceedings, Online,ISBN: 9781899072545.

Dyrenfurth, MJ, Springer, ML, Newton, K, Torres, C, Jacobs, TJ, Wolf, CM (2020) A doctorate that works: Non-traditional populations served on both sides of the Atlantic. In 2020 American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference and Exposition; 2020 ASEE Annual Conference Proceedings, Virtual.

Torres-Sánchez, C (2020) Sonication for the Porosity Gradation of Foams Meets Replica Templating: A Hybrid Manufacturing Process for Lightweight Multifunctional Structures. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams (MetFoam 2019), Dearborn, Michigan, pp.13-26, ISBN: 9783030427979. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42798-6_2.

Wang, J, Torres, C, Zani, L, Borgman, J, Yendall, K, Norrito, M, Conway, P (2019) Vacuum arc remelting and characterisations of biocompatible Ti-based alloys containing Nb and Sn. In EUROMAT 2019, Stockholm, Sweden.

Torres, C and Conway, P (2019) Transition zone: a training ethos designed to scaffold a PhD degree. In 2019 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Tampa, Florida.

Torres, C, Abyaneh, MH, Conway, P (2018) Magnetic-assisted alignment of reinforcing functionalized-fibers in a composite for lightweight structures. In Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS 2018), San Antonio, Texas,ISBN: 9780791851944. DOI: 10.1115/SMASIS2018-7911.

Holt, JA, Torres, C, Conway, P (2017) 3D acoustic-structure interaction of ultrasound in fluids for the manufacture of graded materials. In COMSOL CONFERENCE 2017, ROTTERDAM, NL.

Almushref, F and Torres, C (2016) The effect of microstructure on the mechanical properties of Ti Scaffolds. In 13th FEMS Junior EUROMAT, Lausanne, Switzerland,ISBN: 978-2-8399-1926-5.

Symeonidis, S, Torres-Sanchez, C, Panagamuwa, C, Whittow, W (2015) An Implanted Antenna System for the Monitoring of Bioresorbability of a Biocompatible Scaffold Embedded into a Bone Fracture. In 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare - "Transforming healthcare through innovations in mobile and wireless technologies", Proceedings of the 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare - "Transforming healthcare through innovations in mobile and wireless technologies". DOI: 10.4108/eai.14-10-2015.2262206.

Hillman, S, Hollington, J, Boeckx, J, Crossan, N, Torres-Sanchez, C (2013) Clinical Interpretation of ISO16840-2. Measurements for Wheelchair Seating Cushions. In UK Posture and Mobility Group, (ed) Posture and Mobility Group (PMG) National Training Event, University Of Warwick, Coventry, U.K, FP4.

Torres-Sanchez, C, Drake, R, Morton, R (2011) Lessons from India: Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing. In Engineers without Borders - Research UK, (ed) ‘Our Global Future’, the EWB-UK National Research and Education Conference 2011, London, pp.48-53.

Corney, J, Lynn, A, Torres-Sanchez, C, Di Maio, P, Regli, W, Forbes, G, Tobin, L (2010) Towards crowdsourcing translation tasks in library cataloguing, a pilot study. In 2010 4th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST), 4th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies, Dubai, United Arab Emirates,ISBN: 9781424455515. DOI: 10.1109/dest.2010.5610593.


Bryce, JH, Goodfellow, VM, Harper, AJ, Torres, C (2015) The effect of water uptake on quality of barley malt for distilling. In Distilled spirits: future challenges, new solutions, © Context, pp.1-1, ISBN: 9781899043712.


Torres-Sanchez, C (Accepted for publication) Process for the manufacture of a leavened foodstuff and an apparatus thereof.

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