Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications

Publications for David Saal

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Journal Articles

Dawkins, M, Saal, D, Marcos, JF, Reynolds, J, Dann, S (2023) An iron ore-based catalyst for producing hydrogen and metallurgical carbon via catalytic methane pyrolysis for decarbonisation of the steel industry, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN: 0360-3199. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.03.022.

Urakami, T, Saal, D, Nieswand, M (2021) Industry fragmentation and wastewater efficiency: A case study of hyogo prefecture in Japan.

Arocena, P, Saal, DS, Urakami, T, Zschille, M (2020) Measuring and decomposing productivity change in the presence of mergers, European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN: 0377-2217. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2019.08.048.

Sharimakin, A, Glass, A, Saal, D, Glass, K (2018) Dynamic multilevel modelling of industrial energy demand in Europe, Energy Economics, 74, pp.120-130, ISSN: 0140-9883. DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2018.06.001.

Brea-Solis, H, Perelman, S, Saal, D (2017) Regulatory incentives to water losses reduction: the case of England and Wales, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 47(3), pp.259-276, ISSN: 1573-0441. DOI: 10.1007/s11123-017-0496-4.

Maziotis, A, Saal, DS, Thanassoulis, E, Molinos-Senante, M (2016) Price-cap regulation in the English and Welsh water industry: A proposal for measuring productivity performance, Utilities Policy, 41, pp.22-30, ISSN: 0957-1787. DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2016.04.002.

Triebs, T, Saal, D, Arocena, P, Kumbhakar, SC (2016) Estimating economies of scale and scope with flexible technology, JOURNAL OF PRODUCTIVITY ANALYSIS, 45(2), pp.173-186, ISSN: 0895-562X. DOI: 10.1007/s11123-016-0467-1.

Maziotis, A, Saal, DS, Thanassoulis, E, Molinos-Senante, M (2015) Profit, productivity and price performance changes in the water and sewerage industry: an empirical application for England and Wales, CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, 17(4), pp.1005-1018, ISSN: 1618-954X. DOI: 10.1007/s10098-014-0852-2.

Saal, DS, Kimino, DS, Driffield, N (2014) Spillovers from FDI and local networks: The importance of transactional linkages and vertical keiretsu in Japan, Multinational Business Review, 22(2), pp.176-193, ISSN: 1525-383X.

Maziotis, A, Saal, D, Thanassoulis, E, Molinos-Senante, M (2014) Profit change and its drivers in the English and Welsh water industry: is output quality important?, Water Policy, ISSN: 1366-7017. DOI: 10.2166/wp.2014.151.

Saal, D, Arocena, P, Maziotis, A, Triebs, T (2013) Scale and scope economies and the efficient vertical and horizontal configuration of the water industry: A survey of the literature, Review of Network Economics, 12(1), pp.93-129, DOI: 10.1515/rne-2012-0004.

Kimino, S, Driffield, N, Saal, D (2012) Do Keiretsu Really Hinder FDI into Japanese Manufacturing?, International Journal of the Economics of Business, 19(3), pp.377-395, ISSN: 1357-1516. DOI: 10.1080/13571516.2012.715273.

Arocena, P, Saal, DS, Coelli, T (2012) Vertical and Horizontal Scope Economies in the Regulated U.S. Electric Power Industry, The Journal of Industrial Economics, 60(3), pp.434-467, ISSN: 0022-1821. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6451.2012.00486.x.

Abdul-Majid, M, Saal, DS, Battisti, G (2011) Efficiency and total factor productivity change of Malaysian commercial banks, The Service Industries Journal, 31(13), pp.2117-2143, ISSN: 0264-2069. DOI: 10.1080/02642069.2010.503882.

Abdul-Majid, M, Saal, DS, Battisti, G (2011) The impact of Islamic banking on the cost efficiency and productivity change of Malaysian commercial banks, Applied Economics, 43(16), pp.2033-2054, ISSN: 0003-6846. DOI: 10.1080/00036840902984381.

Mole, KF, Hart, M, Roper, S, Saal, DS (2011) Broader or Deeper? Exploring the Most Effective Intervention Profile for Public Small Business Support, Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 43(1), pp.87-105, ISSN: 0308-518X. DOI: 10.1068/a43268.

Abdul-Majid, M, Saal, DS, Battisti, G (2010) Efficiency in Islamic and conventional banking: an international comparison, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 34(1), pp.25-43, ISSN: 0895-562X. DOI: 10.1007/s11123-009-0165-3.

De Witte, K and Saal, DS (2010) Is a little sunshine all we need? On the impact of sunshine regulation on profits, productivity and prices in the Dutch drinking water sector, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 37(3), pp.219-242, ISSN: 0922-680X. DOI: 10.1007/s11149-009-9112-5.

Mole, KF, Hart, M, Roper, S, Saal, DS (2009) Assessing the Effectiveness of Business Support Services in England, International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship, 27(5), pp.557-582, ISSN: 0266-2426. DOI: 10.1177/0266242609338755.

Weyman Jones, TG (2007) Determining the contribution of technical, efficiency and scale change to productivity growth in the privatized English and Welsh water and sewerage industry: 1985-2000, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 28(1-2), pp.127-139, DOI: 10.1007/s11123-007-0040-z.

Kimino, S, Saal, DS, Driffield, N (2007) Macro Determinants of FDI Inflows to Japan: An Analysis of Source Country Characteristics, The World Economy, 30(3), pp.446-469, ISSN: 0378-5920. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2007.01001.x.

Dassler, T, Parker, D, Saal, DS (2006) Methods and trends of performance benchmarking in UK utility regulation, Utilities Policy, 14(3), pp.166-174, ISSN: 0957-1787. DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2006.04.001.

Parker, D, Dassler, T, Saal, DS (2006) Performance Benchmarking in Utility Regulation: Principles and the UK’s Experience, DOI: 10.4337/9781847201614.00013.

Saal, DS and Parker, D (2004) The comparative impact of privatization and regulation on productivity growth in the English and Welsh water and sewerage industry, 1985–99, International Journal of Regulation and Governance, 4(2), pp.139-170, ISSN: 0972-4907. DOI: 10.3233/ijr-120039.

Daßler, T, Parker, D, Saal, DS (2002) Economic performance in European telecommunications, 1978‐1998: a comparative study, European Business Review, 14(3), pp.194-209, ISSN: 0955-534X. DOI: 10.1108/09555340210427085.

Liu, A and Saal, DS (2001) Structural Change in Apartheid-era South Africa: 1975-93, Economic Systems Research, 13(3), pp.235-257, ISSN: 0953-5314. DOI: 10.1080/09537320120070130.

Saal, DS and Parker, D (2001) Array, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 20(1), pp.61-90, ISSN: 0922-680X. DOI: 10.1023/a:1011162214995.

Saal, DS (2001) The impact of procurement‐driven technological change on U.S. manufacturing productivity growth, Defence and Peace Economics, 12(6), pp.537-568, ISSN: 1024-2694. DOI: 10.1080/10430710108405002.

Saal, DS and Parker, D (2000) The impact of privatization and regulation on the water and sewerage industry in England and Wales: a translog cost function model, Managerial and Decision Economics, 21(6), pp.253-268, ISSN: 0143-6570. DOI: 10.1002/mde.988.

Batchelor, P, Dunne, JP, Saal, DS (2000) Military spending and economic growth in South Africa, Defence and Peace Economics, 11(4), pp.553-571, ISSN: 1024-2694. DOI: 10.1080/10430710008404966.

Birdi, A, Dunne, P, Saal, DS (2000) The impact of arms production on the South African manufacturing industry, Defence and Peace Economics, 11(4), pp.597-613, ISSN: 1024-2694. DOI: 10.1080/10430710008404969.


Mole, K, Hart, M, Roper, S, Saal, D (2008) Differential Gains from Business Link Support and Advice: A Treatment Effects Approach. In , Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, pp.315-334, DOI: 10.1068/c0711.


Parker, D and Saal, D (2003) International handbook on privatization,ISBN: 9781840646139.

Parker, D and Saal, D (2003) Preface,ISBN: 9781840646139. DOI: 10.4337/9781781950951.00006.


Saal, D (2003) Restructuring, regulation and the liberalization of privatized utilities in the UK. In International Handbook on Privatization, pp.560-582, ISBN: 9781840646139.

Parker, D and Saal, D (2003) Introduction. In Unknown Parent Title, pp.1-21, ISBN: 9781840646139. DOI: 10.4337/9781781950951.00009.

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