Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications


Publications for Roderick Shaw

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Journal Articles

Parr, J, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (2000) Wastewater Treatment Options, Waterlines, the Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 18(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Buttle, M, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (1999) Emergency Water Supply in Cold Regions, Waterlines, the Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 18(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1999) Technical Brief No.59: Household Water Treatment 2, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 17(3), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1998) Technical Brief No.58: Household Water Treatment 1, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 17(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1998) Technical Brief No.56: Buried and Semi-Submerged Tanks, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 16(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

House, SJ, Ince, ME, Shaw, RJ (1997) Technical Brief No.52: Water: Quality or Quantity? Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 15(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

House, SJ, Ince, ME, Shaw, RJ (1997) Technical Brief No.51: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Understanding, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 15(3), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Parr, J and Shaw, RJ (1996) Technical Brief No.49: Choosing an Appropriate Technology, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 15(1), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1996) Technical Brief No.50: Sanitary Surveying, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 15(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Smout, IK and Shaw, RJ (1996) Technical Brief No.48: Small Earth Dams, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 14(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1995) Technical Brief No.47: Improving Pond Water, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 14(3), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Parr, J, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (1995) Technical Brief No.46: Chlorination of Community Water Supplies, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 14(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Pickford, JA and Shaw, RJ (1995) Technical Brief No.45: Latrine Slabs and Seats, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 14(1), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Reed, RA and Shaw, RJ (1995) Technical Brief No.44: Emergency Water Supply, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 13(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Elson, RJ and Shaw, RJ (1995) Technical Brief No.43: Simple Drilling Methods, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 13(3), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1994) Technical Brief No.40: Desalination, Waterlines: Journal for Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 12(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1994) Technical Brief No.41: VLOM Pumps, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 13(1), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Smout, IK and Shaw, RJ (1994) Technical Brief No.42: Small-Scale Irrigation Design, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 13(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1993) Technical Brief No.37: Re-Use of Wastewater, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 12(1), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Reed, RA and Shaw, RJ (1993) Technical Brief No.38: Emergency Sanitation for Refugees, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 12(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Reed, RA, Skinner, BH, Shaw, RJ (1993) Technical Brief No.36: Ferrocement Water Tanks, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 11(4), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Elson, RJ and Shaw, RJ (1993) Technical Brief No.35: Low-Lift Irrigation Pumps, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 11(3), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1992) Technical Brief No.34: Protecting Springs - An Alternative to Spring Boxes, Waterlines: Journal of Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation, 11(2), pp.15-18, ISSN: 0262-8104.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) Supply and demand.



Conferences

Abass, K and Achegbulu, A (2018) Financial inclusion and safe sanitation in slum communities of Abuja, Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Zikalala, T and Reddy, M (2018) Setting up and operating faecal sludge laboratories: three case studies from developing countries. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Earl, E, Abbott, J, Jenkinson, R, Reed, B (2018) Surface water management in humanitarian crises. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Abraham, M, Bharadwaj, S, Chambers, R, Dheeraj, Hueso, A, Joseph, MJ, Mukerjee, R, Myers, J, Narayanan, P, Raman, VR, Sarkar, SW, Shah, P, Thomas, T (2018) Using immersive research to understand rural sanitation: lessons from the Swachh Bharat Mission in India. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Acheampong, P, Akodwaa-Boadi, K, Appiah-Effah, E, Nyarko, KB (2018) WASH infrastructure and menstrual hygiene management in basic schools: a study in Kumasi, Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Acquistapace, A, Bastable, A, Lay, JF, McCubbin, CN, Vahanian, A (2018) Household water filters and waterborne epidemics: a case study from South Sudan. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Adhikari, AK, Bishwakarma, DR, Ahmad, T (2018) Equity and inclusion in WASH in Nepal: policy and practice. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Agol, D, Keraita, B, Harvey, P (2018) Methodological challenges of measuring impacts of WASH on educational and health outcomes. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ahmad, T, Shrestha, AM, Das, SK, Darnal, K, Neupane, R, Pote, R, Dangol, B, Shakya, R, Paudel, D (2018) Impact of climate change on WASH services: a case from Nepal. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Akoteyon, I (2018) Analysis of household access to water and sanitation in rural communities in southwest, Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Anantakrishnan, L and Srivastava, P (2018) Closing the gap between sustainability and affordability: communal sanitation in urban slums of India. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Archer, JP and Noakes, L (2018) Initial lessons learned in making sanitation data useful for decision making. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Atwijukye, O, Kulabako, R, Niwagaba, C, Sugden, S (2018) Low cost faecal sludge dewatering and carbonisation for production of fuel briquettes. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Balfour, N and Mutuku, C (2018) Addressing challenges of water resilience: a study of water security risk in pastoralist households in Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Beale, J, Banzi, J, Machunda, R, Shana, E, Kisaka, AH (2018) Building partnership for participatory sanitation and hygiene planning: lessons and experience from Tanzania. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Berhe, R, Delea, M, Sclar, G, Woreta, M, Zewudie, K, Muhammed, S, Snyder, J, Linabarger, M, Gebremariam, A, Freeman, MC (2018) Maintaining behaviour change: innovations in demand-side sanitation and hygiene interventions. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Brown, C, Kwezi, L, Mutazamba, J (2018) Using results based financing and adaptive programming to improve water service delivery in rural Tanzania. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Butterworth, J, Godfrey, S, Regah, A, Short, S (2018) Monitoring and management of climate resilient water services in the Afar and Somali regions of Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Butterworth, S and McNicholl, D (2018) Life cycle analysis: assessing the capital and operational expenditure of handpump preventive maintenance. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Byrns, S and Madryga, C (2018) Systems mapping for sustainability: a case study of shifting the focus of NGO action in Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cardon, A, Maisonnave, E, Richard, J-B, Saga, B, Yakpanga, B (2018) Rapid response to efficiently counter cholera: lessons from a 45-days intervention in Eastern DRC. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cassivi, A, Waygood, EO, Dorea, CC (2018) Collection time inequalities: fetching water in Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cherukumilli, K (2018) International collaboration to implement the scalable and affordable fluoride removal (SAFR) process in East Africa. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Chihanga, T (2018) Social and behaviour change for sustainable WASH interventions in Zimbabwe. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cole, A, Maja, T, Kaendesa, P, Kinyanjui, V, Munyaka, M (2018) Community health clubs growth monitoring: experience from Zimbabwe’s Small Towns WASH Programme. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cole, A, Maja, T, Kaendesa, P, Kinyanjui, V, Munyaka, M (2018) Improving Zimbabwe urban WASH service delivery through U-Report. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Cooper, S, Hutchings, P, Butterworth, J, Kebede, A, Parker, A, Terefe, B, van Koppen, B (2018) Emotional wellbeing as a proxy indicator for water security among pastoralists in Afar, Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Deering, N, Briggs, K, Way, C, Bryant, L (2018) Characterisation of faecal sludge simulants for drying experiments. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

DeMarco, J and Annejohn, N (2018) Simple, low-cost solar pumping is now a reality. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Dhakal, SB, Sah, N, Shrestha, S, Ahmad, T (2018) Analysis of menstrual hygiene practices in Nepal: the role of WASH in Schools programme for girls education. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Dhoba, L and Dube, S (2018) Using technology for development to sustain community based management of rural water supply services in Zimbabwe. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Duku, GA, Nyarko, KB, Appiah-Effah, E (2018) Alternative low-cost latrine option for rural and peri-urban communities. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Enang, R, Ikpeh, IJ, Reed, B, Smout, IK (2018) Community confidence in WASH and development service delivery: a case from Kianjai, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ezenwaji, EE and Nwafor, AU (2018) Examining the local financing of rainwater harvesting (RWH) in low-income settlements of Enugu, Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Flachenberg, F, Rabiou, MD, Tsongo, NA (2018) Integrated water systems in the drylands: using a multiple-use water services approach in Niger. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gai, I and Jeths, M (2018) Citizen voice for WASH-IWRM integration in devolved governance: lessons from Watershed Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gallandat, K and Lantagne, D (2018) Lessons learned from fifteen drinking water treatment program evaluations in Haiti. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gbevillah, F and Damiba, L (2018) Water security planning (WSP) for sustainable water resources management in West Africa. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gimaiyo, G, Singh, S, McManus, J, Lehmann, L, Trevett, A, Moloney, G, Robins, A (2018) Effectiveness of integrating sanitation and nutrition (SanNut) programmes: evidence from an RCT in Kitui, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Girma, AW, Tegegn, BA, Nigatu, CT (2018) Consumer drivers and barriers of WASH products use in rural Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Githuku, CR, Ndambuki, JM, Salim, RW, Badejo, AA (2018) Treatment potential of Typha latifolia in removal of heavy metals from wastewater using constructed wetlands. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gizaw, M, Garbutt, C, Faltus, J (2018) Mobile technology for improved governance, resilience and sustainability of water supplies in Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Gudda, FO, Moturi, WN, Omondi, SO, Muchiri, E, Ensink, EJ (2018) Pit latrine faecal sludge accumulation: assessment of trends and determinants in low-income settlements, Nakuru, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Haanen, R and Sutton, S (2018) Boosting rural economies and creating sustainable water supplies for the most difficult to reach. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kariunga, SH, Kitaka, N, Muia, W (2018) Performance evaluation of Kangemi Sewage Plant in nutrients and organic matter removal, Nyeri Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Holtslag, H and McGill, J (2018) The SMART approach: a solution for the hard to reach?. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Horecha, AN (2018) Decision support system tool for the evaluation of sustainability of rural water supply services. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Iroegbu, DI, Adamu, VE, Ekhator, J, Ojike, AN, Oyama, LE, Eze, CC (2018) Faith-based approach to improve menstrual hygiene management (MHM): challenges and successes. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Issack, SM and Jama, AA (2018) Creating demand for safe human excreta disposal in a nomadic community: a case study of Riba location, Wajir county. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Itotia, TK, Muia, A, Kiruki, SK, Getenga, Z (2018) Antibiotic resistance in the sediments of a second order stream passing through agricultural farm land: Njoro river, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Muchangi, M, Kimathi, G, Moraro, R, Temu, J (2018) Sanitation financing: lessons learnt from application of different financing instruments in Busia county, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Jurji, Z and Al-Freah, M (2018) Numerical modelling to better understand urban water systems. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kamanga, A, Mhango, J, Veldman, R (2018) Assessment of the functionality of rope pumps for sustainable water supply in rural areas of Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kamuteera, E and Trimmer, J (2018) Finding sustainable funding for WASH facility monitoring through nutrient recovery in southwest Uganda. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kanyesigye, C, Nambiro, M, Kitakufe, R, Otema, JB, Mafunguro, R, Kaggwa, R, Kayaga, S, Fisher, J, Goodall, S (2018) Beyond water service coverage for slum dwellers: multiple water uses for livelihood enhancement. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Karanja, P, Gathu, C, Nzisa, E (2018) Implementing community led total sanitation in Turkana County. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kazimbaya-Senkwe, BM (2018) Experience and opportunities for commercial financing in Kenya's WASH sector. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kere, C, Kabore, DB, Nikiema, LZ, Debus, J-P (2018) Community quality control monitoring of latrines and boreholes in the Central North Region of Burkina Faso. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Khan, FA, Niang, M, Jurji, Z, Mahato, G (2018) Ensuring sustainability and improving functionality of water supply facilities through VLOM in Nigeria – from pilot to national strategy. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Khan, FA, Vajpai, B, Jurji, Z, Ogunjobi, B, Syed, AH, Dayyabu, A (2018) Promoting entrepreneurship and affordable financing for uptake of improved toilets in Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Khan, FA, Otusanya, S, Dosumu, N (2018) The role of entrepreneurs in provision and sustainable operations of sanitation facilities in public places in Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Zikalala, T and Reddy, M (2018) Health and safety: handling faecal sludge in the Pollution Research Group’s laboratory facilities. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kidney, M, Galvin, C, Nthusi, JS (2018) A holistic approach to tackling menstrual hygiene management in rural communities in Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

King, KG, Starczewska, D, Enwiya, O, Boult, S (2018) Continuous safe water monitoring using 3G telemetry in IDP camp water supply systems: Iraq trial. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kisiangani, J, MacLeod, C, Acey, C, Levine, D, Ronoh, PK, Makena, E, Norman, G, Khush, R, Delaire, C, Peletz, R (2018) Are Kenyan water customers willing to pay a pro-poor sanitation surcharge?. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kivutha, N, Mvurya, C, Kamowa, V (2018) County First Lady champions in transformative partnerships for MHM advocacy and integration. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kubasu, R, Ndirangu, N, Mbuvi, J (2018) Sustaining WASH services through market-based approaches, experiences by USAID’s KIWASH project. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kumar, C (2018) Limited community led approach in implementation of the Clean India Programme in urban areas. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Kumar, C (2018) Making sanitation accessible: accessibility audit of public toilets in Ujjain City, India. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Labi, V (2018) WASH at work: exploring the opportunity for employers to trigger sanitation demand amongst salaried workers. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Lakshmi, S and Thomas, S (2018) Sanitation problems faced by selected slum women - a micro level study. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Laryea, NO, Dotse, FM, Karikari, D (2018) Impact of socio-economic factors on the performance of small town water systems in the Western Region of Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Leclert, LM, Affolter, JS, Ndenga, J (2018) From awareness raising to sustainable behaviour change in school: the WASH in school road map. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Lengewa, M, Makotsi, N, Ikiara, M, Odondi, S, Olwal, C, Kurao, D (2018) Capacity-building village sanitation committees accelerates and sustains communities open defecation free status. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Liddle, E and Fenner, R (2018) The impact of procurement and siting procedures on handpump functionality in Uganda. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Linda, L and Van Soelen, S (2018) Cross-country learning about innovative WASH cost and financing strategies for sustainability of WASH in schools. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Lubega, B and Wanakwakwa, J (2018) Reducing barriers that prevent persons with disabilities in Uganda from accessing and utilizing WASH facilities. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Luseka, E (2018) How downward accountability tools enhance willingness to charge and pay towards credit worthy water utilities. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Magoya, J (2018) Impact of curbing political interference in community water supply services, Blantyre, Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Maiga, A and Narracott, M (2018) Integrating Health and WASH sectors to help bring sustainable access to WASH in health facilities: a case study from Mali. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Maina, R, Khainga, B, Nyamu, D, Monchere, L, Ramadhan, S, Gage, J (2018) Building an integrated water, waste-water and power facility in Kibera as a research platform: lessons learned. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Makanyi, A, Neefjes, P, Trevett, A, Keraita, B (2018) Football as a catalyst for improving WASH services in schools in Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mallonee, N, Dube, L, Wiles, J (2018) Engaging religious organisations in WASH programmes: a conceptual framework and case study from Zimbabwe. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mallory, A, Holm, R, Crapper, M (2018) When faecal sludge reuse doesn’t work: a look at access for the poorest and people with disabilities in urban Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Manjaya, D, Tilley, E, Marks, S (2018) Microbiological quality and handling practices of street-vended sachet drinking water in Mwanza, Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mannix, N, Norrie, J, Paterson, F, Nhlema, M, Mleta, P, Nkhata, M, Wanangwa, G, Kumwenda, S, Clarke, D, Kalin, RM (2018) Making the case for improved planning, construction and testing of water supply infrastructure in Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Marekia, F, Kagonya, V, Kuria, W (2018) Point of use water treatment technique: lessons from World Vision's drought response project in Taita Taveta, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mati, E and Mugo, K (2018) Sector and project financing in Kenya: financing strategies for service delivery. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Matoso, M (2018) Pathways to professionalised community water services in a protracted crisis: a case from Juba. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mbewe, DB (2018) Creating sustainable water services through borehole banking. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mbogo, B, Karanja, S, Lugayo, D (2018) Household access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene in Kajiado County, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mengistu, B, Tillett, W, Lockwood, H, Abraham, T (2018) Making water services last: a community-based management model for service sustainability in Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mercer, SJ, Sindall, R, Cottingham, RS, Buckley, C, Alcock, N, Zuma, L, Gounden, G (2018) Implementing an engineering field testing platform for sustainable non-sewered sanitation prototypes. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mhango, J, Kamanga, A, Veldman, R (2018) Acceptability of rope pump technology as a water supply option in rural and peri-urban areas of Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Miller, A, Nhlema, M, Kumwenda, S, Mbalame, E, Uka, Z, Feighery, J, Kalin, RM (2018) Evolving water point mapping to strategic decision making in rural Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Miriti, M and Omufwoko, T (2018) Synergy and complementarity for sustainability of WASH programmes: the case of WASH Alliance Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Moto, N, Esanju, M, Andriessen, N, Kimwaga, R, Strande, L (2018) Use of chitosan and Moringa oleifera as conditioners for improved dewatering of faecal sludge. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Moturi, WN, Juma, KN, Nakhone, L, Nyalala, S, Kimaru, L (2018) Assessment of heavy metals in sewage sludge and their accumulation in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var capitata). In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mukasa, MM, Alinga, IF, Rieck, C (2018) Town sanitation planning experience in small towns: a case of Northern Uganda. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mumma, J, Cumming, O, Simiyu, S, Czerniewska, A, Aseyo, E, Nelima, D, Davis, E, Baker, K, Dreibelbis, R (2018) Good food hygiene practices in urban informal settlements of Kisumu, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Munai, D, Ochieng, M, Gatwiri, N (2018) Community based solutions for sustainability of rural sanitation behaviour change in Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Musazura, W, Odindo, AO, Buckley, C (2018) Modelling nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in soil fertigated with decentralised wastewater treatment effluent. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mutsakatira, E, Buckley, C, Mercer, SJ (2018) Potential use of the black soldier fly larvae in faecal sludge management: a study in Durban, South Africa. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nadar, K and Yassa, F (2018) Containment of the acute watery diarrhea outbreak in Sudan: the WASH side of the story. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ngala, P and Chiripamberi, L (2018) Markets for WASH: from preparedness to response against typhoid and cholera outbreaks in Zimbabwe. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nhlema, M and Kalin, RM (2018) Getting the message across: an experiment in radio-based water resources management education in Malawi. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nilsson, K, De Rubeis, ML, Melloni, GM (2018) Community management of water points in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: identifying success factors. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ntakarutimana, A, Bushaija, E, Kagwiza, J, Rumenge, A, Tumusiime, D, Njunwa, KJ (2018) The need of support in communities using EcoSan latrine products in farming for safe practices. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nthuni, S, Mugo, K, Owako, E (2018) Sustainopreneurship strategies to promote sustainable socially-oriented bottom of pyramid water supply businesses in Kisumu. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nyaanga, DM, Kabok, P, Mbuba, J, Otieno, A, Eppinga, R, Irungu, J (2018) Faecal matter-saw dust composite briquette and pellet fuels: production and characteristics. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Nyirenda, DC and Ferrey, S (2018) WASH in health care facilities: reinforcing existing structures and best practices. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ochieng, CN (2018) A co-management model for achieving sustainability of community water supplies: a case of East Darfur. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ochieng, F, Wanjihia, C, Leclert, LM (2018) Building community WASH resilience: the case study of a rock catchment system in Marsabit County, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Odame-Boafo, BE (2018) Nandom in Ghana stands out to reaching a district wide ODF journey. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Okowa, R and Stroever, S (2018) Water quality validation and implications for future programming: a case study from Ethiopia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Okurut, K, Obbo, MO, Adoch, S (2018) Systematic improvements in humanitarian WASH services: Uganda refugee settlements. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Owako, E and Renouf, R (2018) Strengthening the enabling environment for urban sanitation: public-private collaboration in Kisumu, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Parkinson, J, Forster, T, Shaylor, E (2018) Using pre-crisis market analysis to strengthen emergency preparedness and resilience of WASH systems. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Parkinson, J, Dotse, FM, Laryea, NO, Salian, P (2018) International review of institutional models to support the development of the National Sanitation Authority in Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Pathak, P (2018) From forests to backyards: learning of CLTS interventions in tribal district of Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, India. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Pati, BK and Neumeyer, H (2018) Making rights real in India: using a tool on the rights to water and sanitation with local government officials. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Peguero, D, Foutch, G, Smay, J, Sahondo, TM, Xaba, LP, Hayangah, TP, Sindall, R, Buckley, C, Bischel, HN (2018) Microbial evaluation of the viscous heater for commercial applications in faecal sludge treatment. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Pokhrel, B and Giri, J (2018) Mapping and analysis of the disaster risk of water supply schemes by using mobile application. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Prottas, C, Dioguardi, A, Aguti, S (2018) Empowering schools to instil good hygiene habits in children and maintain infrastructure in rural Uganda. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Prottas, C, Dioguardi, A, Aguti, S (2018) Empowering rural communities to sustain clean water and improve hygiene through self-help groups. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Raja, V, Singh, N, Nalli, SR, Aralikatty, V (2018) The genesis of ODF Koppal in India: contextualising leadership and innovations to achieve sanitation at scale. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Remington, C, Jean, LNP, Kramer, S, Boys, J, Dorea, CC (2018) Process cost analysis for the optimization of a container-based sanitation service in Haiti. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Resto, MC, MacCarthy, MF, Dungan, CR, Parker, BL, Cherry, JA (2018) E. coli contamination of mountain springs used for drinking water and drilled well alternatives. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Ronoh, PK, Kones, J, MacLeod, C, Delaire, C, Peletz, R, Kisiangani, J, Luoto, J, Khush, R (2018) Demand for plastic latrine slabs in rural Kenya and Tanzania. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Stringel, SS, Mugauri, T, Singh, A, Inambao, F (2018) Solar drying of faecal sludge from pit latrines in a bench-scale device. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Stringel, SS, Mirara, S, Makununika, B, Singh, A, Pocock, J, Velkushanova, K, Buckley, C (2018) Evolution of faecal sludge chemical and physical characteristics during drying. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Shaylor, E, Srinivasan, S, Mbalo, D (2018) Understanding the knowledge management needs of SuSanA’s stakeholders. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Shrestha, S, Ahmad, T, Shrestha, PK (2018) Sustainability of ODF in Nepal. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Simiyu, S, Mumma, J, Aseyo, E, Cumming, O, Czerniewska, A, Baker, K, Dreibelbis, R (2018) Designing a food hygiene intervention for children 6-9 months in an informal settlement in Kisumu, Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Sindall, R, Mercer, SJ, Sutherland, C, Buckley, C, Gounden, G, Pillay, C, Macleod, N (2018) Municipal-academic partnerships for innovation in sanitation delivery: a case study in Durban, South Africa. In RJ, S (ed) Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Singh, K, Raman, VR, Hueso, A (2018) Can direct benefit transfer strengthen the Swachh Bharat Mission? Learnings from three districts in Madhya Pradesh, India. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Spuhler, D and Luthi, C (2018) Pre-selecting appropriate sanitation system options as an input into urban sanitation planning. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Tillett, W and Mansour, G (2018) Formally engaging the private sector for fecal sludge management services: experiences from six African cities. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Tonya, E and Mpangala, G (2018) Improving revenue management for sustainable rural water services: innovative prepaid water system. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Tsinda, A, Chenoweth, J, Abbott, P (2018) Improving WASH in informal settlements of Kigali, Rwanda through diverse marketing exchange mechanisms. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Tumwebaze, IK, Kojo, A, Quarshie, BA, Tenu, H, Agyemang, F (2018) Increasing household toilet investments through CLUES: lessons from Ashaiman Municipal Assembly, Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Umar, A and Varma, S (2018) Partnering with government and communities to achieve open defecation free status at scale: an example from the Indian state of Bihar. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Velkushanova, K, Smith, A, Sindall, R, Mercer, SJ (2018) Online course on faecal sludge management: case study in Durban, South Africa. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Verkerk, A and McNicholl, D (2018) Shock chlorination: the solution to safer water?. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Wahba, J, Byrns, S, Madryga, C (2018) Mapping Malawi’s budget decision-making for rural WASH service delivery. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Wambugu, G (2018) Water retention landscape: Mini catchment approach. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Were, R and Odongo, T (2018) Public private partnerships in emergencies: case of Dollow Water Management Company, Gedo region, Somalia. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

White, Z and Boateng, N (2018) Financing WASH services to 2030 across Africa: Reflections from a 12 country policy dialogue. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

White, Z and Boot, NL (2018) The evolution of rural sanitation approaches in Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

White, Z and Boot, NL (2018) Recent performance of a national-scale rural sanitation programme in Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

White, Z (2018) The immediate impacts of devolution on the structure and financing of the WASH sector in Kenya. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

White, S, Heath, T, James, K, Lapegue, J (2018) Designing evidence-based and context-specific hygiene programs in emergencies: could there be an app for that?. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Worsham, K, Hwang, S, Ojomo, E, Iqbal, M, Yeboah, C (2018) The impact of price increases on water station performance and inclusiveness in Ghana. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Wrabel, M, Kanaganathan, R, Villeminot, N (2018) Effectiveness and sustainability of community-led total sanitation in Yobe State, Nigeria. In Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

Bhakta, A, Reed, B, Fisher, J (2017) Cleansing in hidden spaces: the bathing needs of perimenopausal women. In , Loughborough.

Scott, P, Scott, R, Cotton, A (2017) Urban sanitation: where to next?. In Shaw, R (ed) Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene services, Loughborough University.

Bhakta, A, Annan, G, Esseku, YY, Esseku, H, Fisher, J, Lartey, B, Reed, B (2016) Finding hidden knowledge in WASH: effective methods for exploring the needs of perimenopausal women in Ghana. In , Kumasi, Ghana.

Enang, R, Reed, B, Kayaga, S (2016) Challenges in operation of the Abuja water distribution system: headquarters and area office perspectives. In , Kumasi Ghana.

Smout, I, Esson, J, Kiunsi, R, Ngouanet, C, Oteng-Ababio, M, Fisher, J, Yemmafouo, A, Namangaya, A (2015) Acceptability of urban water, sanitation, electricity and transport services. In Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services Beyond 2015: Improving Access and Sustainability, 38th WEDC International ConferenceWater, Sanitation and Hygiene Services Beyond 2015: Improving Access and Sustainability, 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough University, UK.

Reed, B (2015) Exploring the capacity building ladder. In , Loughborough UK.

Medland, LS, Smout, I, Ngouanet, C, Oteng-Ababio, M, Twarabamenye, E, Lazaro, E, Amekudzie, S, Fisher, J (2014) Access to services in low income urban communities in Cameroon, Ghana, Rwanda and Tanzania. In , NUCE, Hanoi, Vietnam,ISBN: 9781843801795.

Mazeau, AP, Reed, B, Sansom, K, Scott, R (2014) Selection and use determinants of shared toilet facilities in Ashaiman, Ghana. In , Hanoi, Vietnam.

Cosmi, D and Reed, BJ (2009) Communication within multi-stakeholder platforms in water resource management: Ethiopian case study. In Shaw, RJ (ed) WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE:, Addis Ababa,ISBN: 9781843801337.

Shaw, RJ (1996) The World-Wide Web and Sustainable Development. In Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Systems, London, pp.35-38, ISBN: 1 85339 339 8.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) Community-based planning. In .



Books

Shaw, R (2015) Drawing water: a resource book of illustrations on water, sanitation, health, hygiene, rescue and care in low-income countries, © WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 978-1-84380-172-6.

Bosher, L and Shaw, R (ed) (2011) Disasters and emergencies: definitions, impacts and response, WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 9781843801382.

Shaw, R (ed) (2011) An engineer's guide to domestic water containers, WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 9781843801412.

Shaw, and Jackson, (ed) (2011) An introduction to visual impact assessment, WEDC, ISBN: 9781843801351.

Reed, B and Shaw, R (ed) (2011) An introduction to the Logical Framework, WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 9781843801467.

Reed, RA and Shaw, RJ (2008) Sanitation for Primary Schools in Africa, WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 9781843801276.

Reed, RA and Shaw, RJ (2008) Sanitation for Primary Schools in Africa, WEDC, ISBN: 978-1-84380-127-6.

Howard, AG, Bogh, C, Goldstein, G, Pruss, A, Shaw, RJ, Teuton, J (2002) Healthy Villages: A Guide for Communities and Community Health Workers, World Health Organisation, ISBN: 92 4 154553 4.

Shaw, RJ (2001) Information Design and Distance Learning for International Development, WEDC, Loughborough University, ISBN: 0 906055 92 X.

Shaw, RJ (ed) (1999) Running Water: More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, IT Publications, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Pickford, JA, House, SJ, Miles, DW, Ockelford, J, Parr, J, Saywell, DL, Shaw, RJ, Skinner, BH, Smout, IK, Stear, R (ed) (1997) Reaching the Unreached: Challenges for the 21st Century, IT Publications, ISBN: 1 85339 412 2.

Pickford, JA, Barker, PJ, Elson, RJ, Ferguson, CM, Parr, J, Saywell, DL, Shaw, RJ, Skinner, BH (ed) (1996) Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Systems, Intermediate Technology Publications & WEDC, ISBN: 1 85339 339 8.

Pickford, JA, Barker, PJ, Coad, A, Dijkstra, T, Elson, RJ, Ince, ME, Shaw, RJ (ed) (1995) Affordable Water Supply and Sanitation, IT Publications, ISBN: 1 85339 294 4.

Pickford, JA, Barker, P, Elson, RJ, Ferguson, C, Parr, J, Saywell, DL, Shaw, RJ, Skinner, BH (ed) (1995) Sustainability of Water and Sanitation Systems, IT Publications, ISBN: 1 85339 339 8.

Pickford, J, Barker, PJ, Coad, MA, Ince, ME, Shaw, RJ, Skinner, BH, Smith, MD (ed) (1994) Water, Sanitation, Environment and Development, Intermediate Technology Publications, ISBN: 1-85339-240-5.

Shaw, R, Jones, H, Reed, B (Accepted for publication) Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and Other Vulnerable Groups.



Chapters

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1999) Re-Use of Wastewater. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1999) Desalination. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Parr, J, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (1999) Chlorination. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Smith, MD and Shaw, RJ (1999) Sanitary Surveying. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Buttle, M, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (1999) Emergency Water Supply in Cold Regions. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Parr, J, Smith, MD, Shaw, RJ (1999) Wastewater Treatment Options. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.0-1, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1999) Protecting Springs - An Alternative to Spring Boxes. In Shaw, R (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.5-8, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1999) Household Water Treatment 2. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.105-108, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Smout, IK and Shaw, RJ (1999) Technical Brief No. 42: Small-Scale Irrigation Design. In Shaw, RJE (ed) Running Water: More Technical Briefs on health, water and sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.37-40, ISBN: 185339 450 5.

Smout, IK and Shaw, RJ (1999) Technical Brief No.48: Small Earth Dams. In Shaw, RJE (ed) Running Water: More Technical Briefs on health, water and sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp.61-64, ISBN: 185339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1998) Household Water Treatment 1. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.101-104, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1998) Buried and Semi-Submerged Tanks. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.93-96, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1995) Improving Pond Water. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.57-60, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Skinner, BH and Shaw, RJ (1994) VLOM Pumps. In Shaw, RJ (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.15-18, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.

Reed, RA, Skinner, BH, Shaw, RJ (1993) Ferrocement Water Tanks. In Shaw, R (ed) Running Water - More Technical Briefs on Health, Water and Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, UK, pp.13-16, ISBN: 1 85339 450 5.



Exhibitions

Shaw, R and Reed, BJ (2006) Drawing Water: an exhibition of illustrations of water and sanitation in low-income countries, Department for International Development, 40 pieces , 22-03-2006 to 27-03-2006.



Internet Publications

Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) The F diagram in 3 languages.



Posters

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P001 Latrine slabs.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P002 Water treatment.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P003 Personal hygiene.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P004 The F Diagram.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P004FR Le schema des voies de transmission feco orale.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P005 Sanitary seals.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P006 Guidelines for handwashing.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P007 Drainage from a water point.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P008 Handwashing bottle.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P009 The Mukombe - using gourds for hand washing.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P010 Simple pit latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P011 Pour flush latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P012 Off-set pour-flush latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P013 Twin-pit latrines version 1.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P015 VIP latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P016 Spiral VIP latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P017 Twin-pit VIP latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P018 Borehole latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P019 Elevated latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P020 Raised latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P021 A guide to sanitation selection.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P022 Foot-operated hole covers for pit latrines.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P023 A quick way of measuring turbidity.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P024 Open defecation_fields in emergencies.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P025 Shallow trench latrines for emergencies.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P026 Deep trench latrines for emergencies.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P027 Handpump installation Part 1 of 3.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P028 Handpump installation Part 2 of 3.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P029 Handpump installation Part 3 of 3.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P030 Reciprocating and rotary handpump actions.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P031 Types of reciprocating handpumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P032 Direct action handpumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P033 Reducing waste at water points.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P034 The Blair bucket pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P035 The rope and washer pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P036 Pumping principles.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P037 The water cycle.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P038 The Vergnet pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P039 The Volanta handpump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P040 The Tara handpump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P041 The UPM pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P042 The Afridev handpump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P043 The India Mark-III handpump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P044 The Rower pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (Accepted for publication) P045 Rower pump-seated and standing designs.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P046 Suction pumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P047 The Treadle pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P048 The Canzee pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P049 Deepwell handpumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P050 How deepwell handpumps work.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P051 Cylindrical diaphragm pumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P052 Progressive cavity pumps.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P053 The Pulsa pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P054 The Joma pump.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P055 A comparison of pump types.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P056 Safe location of a water point.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P057 A typical arrangement for an apron slab and drainage.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P058 Design details for an apron slab and drainage.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P059 Raised handpump and drainage.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P060 Assessment and design of emergency sanitation.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P061 Boreholes for water points.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P062 Handpumps overview.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P063 SanPlats.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (Accepted for publication) P064 Ferrocement water tanks.



Thesis/Dissertation

Shaw, RJ (2001) Information Design and Distance Learning for International Development.



Figures

Shaw, R (2020) Key components of governance.

Shaw, R (2020) Basic styles of situational leadership.

Shaw, R (2020) Benefits of meaningful delegation.

Shaw, R (2020) Managing conflict.

Shaw, R (2020) Aggregate household demand curves.

Shaw, R (2020) Demand curve for a household.

Shaw, R (2020) The consumers surplus.

Shaw, R (2020) A typical configuration of a DMA.

Shaw, R (2020) Metered rate at uniform charges.

Shaw, R (2020) Metered rates with decreasing block tariff.

Shaw, R (2020) Metered rates with increasing block tariff.

Shaw, R (2020) Point elasticity of demand decreasing price.

Shaw, R (2020) Point elasticity of demand increasing price.

Shaw, R (2020) Revenue and price change for a commodity elastic.

Shaw, R (2020) Revenue and price change for a commodity inelastic.

Shaw, R (2020) The customer value chain.

Shaw, R (2020) The piped water cycle.

Shaw, R (2020) All illustration of varying ILIs.

Shaw, R (2020) Roughing filter.

Shaw, R (2020) Slow sand filter.

Shaw, R (2020) Biosand filter - a version of a household sand filter.

Shaw, R (2020) Multi-stage filtration treatment.

Shaw, R (2020) Pressure filter.

Shaw, R (2020) Rapid gravity filter - cut-away view.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) Biogas tank with latrine and septic tank.

Shaw, R (2020) Borehole latrine.

Shaw, R (2020) Communal pit latrine.

Shaw, R (2020) Communal toilet connected to a septic tank and drainage field.

Shaw, R (2020) Direct pour-flush latrine.

Shaw, R (2020) Toilet pan configurations.

Shaw, R (2020) Toilet pans.

Shaw, R (2020) Water-seal pan.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) House connections from home to river and environs.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) Twin-pit latrine.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) A ventilated improved pit latrine.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) Pour-flush latrine.

Shaw, R and McMahon, G (2020) Sewerage system.

Shaw, R (2020) Sanitation chain.

McMahon, G, Davey, K, Shaw, R (2020) P014 Twin-pit latrines version 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Oxfams planning process 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Stopper bottles 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Stopper bottles 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Open bottle 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Filling bottle 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Filled bottles.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Sampling river.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Travel kit.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Normal tap flow 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Filling bottle 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Screw top 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Clean the tap 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Max tap flow 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Max tap flow 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Sterilize the tap 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Sterilize the tap 1.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Normal tap flow 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Open bottle 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Static condition.

Shaw, R (2019) Dynamic condition.

Shaw, R (2019) Rehabilitation network.

Shaw, R (2019) Hydraulic grade line.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Screw top 2.

Shaw, R and Chatterton, K (2019) Clean the tap 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Design capacities.

Shaw, R (2019) Total world water resources.

Shaw, R (2019) Variation of water demand during the day.

Shaw, R (2019) Pipe distribution system - plan.

Shaw, R (2019) Branched distribution system.

Shaw, R (2019) Hydraulic grade line.

Shaw, R (2019) Hydraulic grade line.

Shaw, R (2019) Vicious circle of an underfunded and poorly maintained network.

Shaw, R (2019) Effect of changing the diameter of a pipe.

Shaw, R (2019) Longitudinal section.

Shaw, R (2019) Longitudinal section.

Shaw, R (2019) Distribution systems.

Shaw, R (2019) Masonry break pressure tanks.

Shaw, R (2019) Occurrence and avoidance of negative pressure.

Shaw, R (2019) Map of piped distribution network.

Shaw, R (2019) Apparent negative residual - Case 7.

Shaw, R (2019) Pipe distribution systems.

Shaw, R (2019) Staging the construction of a water supply system.

Shaw, R (2019) Layout branch.

Shaw, R (2019) Branched distribution.

Shaw, R (2019) Final condition.

Shaw, R (2019) Distribution network.

Shaw, R (2019) Interpolating.

Shaw, R (2019) Use of an air vent.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Diffuse and point sources.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Indirect or direct.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Large or small.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Linked or separate.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Linked to the surrounding area.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Four components of the decline and recovery of river water quality.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) How energy and inorganic matter move through an eco-system.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Compact or long perimeter.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Growth of supplies and demands.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) One large or several small.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Trophic levels.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Widespread or localized.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Natural processes leading to the purification of discharges in flowing waters.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The F Diagram (Landscape version).

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The F Diagram (Portrait version).

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Transmission route via drinking water.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A stormwater drainage system.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Drainage channel designs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Road acting as a drain.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber frame for trench latrine superstructure - section.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber support systems for deep trench latrines 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber support systems for deep trench latrines 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber support systems for deep trench latrines 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Deep trench latrines - plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Defecation fields - perspective.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Defecation fields - plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow family latrine - isometric.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow family latrine - plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber frame for trench latrine superstructure - details.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber frame for trench latrine superstructure - isometric.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow trench latrines - isometric.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow trench latrines - plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water flows into a town.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Fixed gravity intake with sump and handpump.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Alluvial fan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Typical relationship between water collection journey time and domestic consumption.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water flows out of a town.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Schematic diagram of the working parts of a reciprocating piston hand pump.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Workings of a suction lift handpump.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Normal working range for common handpumps.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow family latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrines 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The journey between source and user.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cuttings.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Houses - concentrated.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Houses - dispersed.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Houses - confused.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Trees in the landscape.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Houses - related.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Houses - ordered.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Variation in the colour of a dam.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A standpost.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The water cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Fixed suction intake and powered pump.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Floating suction intake.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Clay groundwater dam with an upstream well designed to cope with flooding in the wet season.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Weathered and fractured zones.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cone of depression and radius of influence.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Stages in the development of project design.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Roads make a difference.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Social practice and water quality.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Scales of participation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The transfer of disease from faeces to mouth.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water consumption versus time for collection.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sustaining social change.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) What is beneath the surface.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Who collects water 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Why women enter and leave the profession.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Who collects water 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Perceptions of organisational structure 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Patterns of participation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project cycle and main participants.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project programme and resources.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project control scenarios.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Perceptions of organisational structure 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Projects targeting specific groups.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Reducing the number of management levels.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project timescales.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project teams.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Relative access to resources.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Relationships between participation and impact on community organisations.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Relationship between project effectiveness and level of participation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Protected side intake.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Relationships between participation and impact on design.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Length and cost of project stages.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Leading from the front or first amongst equals.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Domed pit slab - plan and cross-section.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Numbers of participants.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Organisation chart of a workforce.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Matrix management.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Malawi gravity flow schemes.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Participation builds communities.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Participation in the project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Participation of organisational structure.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Participation equals effectiveness.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Bivariate and multiple regressions.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Best route A to B.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Assessment analysis action.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Activity profile.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Clustered management.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Bivariate comparisons between various factors and project effectiveness.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Developing a classification structure.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Daily hours of labour.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cost of change against project stage.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of attitudes towards change.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Does increasing participation improve physical outputs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Does increasing participation improve equity.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Does increasing participation improve implementation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Does increasing participation improve design.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Inputs to impact.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) From data to target.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Changes in reading over time.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Assessments occur throughout the project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Wisdom pyramid.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Probability sampling techniques.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Seasons and cycles.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Non-probability sampling techniques.

Shaw, R (2019) Three pile sorting.

Shaw, R (2019) Barriers to faecal-oral routes of disease transmission.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A guide to personal hygiene.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Captap.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Captap - colour.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Handwashing - Metal tin.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Handwashing - Bottle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Mukombe - colour.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Handy Andy.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Handy Andy - colour.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional handwashing devices - 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Tippy Tap.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional handwashing devices 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional handwashing devices 1 - detail.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Alluvial fan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Coastal aquifers.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Clay groundwater dam with an upstream well designed to cope with flooding in the wet season.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Confined and unconfined aquifers.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Weathered and fractured zones.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cone of depression and radius of influence.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flood 4.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flood 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flood 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flood 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Timber support systems for deep trenches.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Double-vault urine-diverting latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Septic tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Communal aqua-privies.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pre-cast concrete ring pit liner.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional latrine using compacted earth over logs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Borehole latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Domed concrete slab without reinforcement.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Brick-lined pit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Ferrocement slap with pour-flush bowls.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Reinforced concrete latrine slab.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow defecation trenches.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Deep trench latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrines 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) How most types of handpump cylinders work.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Conventional layout of a collector sewer network.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Typical installation of pipework in a shared trends.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Condominial sewer layout in Petrolina Brazil.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Model of the layout of a small condominial sewerage scheme.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Micro-drainage system.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Back-service collector sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) On-plot interceptor tank with sludge-drying bed.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Schematic cutaway view of a sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sewer layout for the interceptor tank system in Brotas Brazil.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Tank outlet using overflow - weir.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Options for flow-through tank - partitions.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Tank inlet pipe.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Detail of a typical access chamber for a sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Branched network of pipes for a sewer system.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Schematic cut-away view of a sewered interceptor system 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Typical layout of the upper reaches of a sewer network.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Schematic cut-away view of a sewered interceptor system 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Conventional and shallow sewer layouts.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Tertiary sewers.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Ratio of maximum flow to average flow.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Connection details of buried manhole.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Direct pour-flush latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush latrine and pit connection.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pan configurations.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine with extended pipe.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine with extended pipe 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine with pan 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine with extended pipe 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Two pour-flush pit latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush pit latrine with pan 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan 5.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan 4.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Emptying a vault latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Vacuum tanker with remote pumping unit for emptying latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Double-vault composting latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Biogas system.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Borehole latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Borehole latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Biogas system - alternative.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Continuous composting toilet.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Continuous composting latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Biogas tank with latrine and septic tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Biogas tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Completely lined latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Dinka latrine - Sudan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 5.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 4.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 6.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 7.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 8.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine part view.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional latrine using local materials.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple pit latrine 9.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Unlined pit latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Unlined pit latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A sealed-lid latrine - Icon 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A sealed-lid latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A sealed-lid latrine - Icon 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) On-site disposal.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Potential sources of contamination of piped water.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Sample sites in a small water supply with ring main.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) A hierarchy of water requirements based on Maslows hierarchy of needs.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Catchment to consumer approach - colour.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Sample sites on a large water supply with an open network.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Development and implementation of a WSP - colour.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) DelAgua kit.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Agriculture often takes most water.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Annual precipitation in various cities.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Annual variation of rainfall.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Seasonal cycles of rainfall.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Soil structure.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) The water cycle.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Time series for two rivers.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Water may change form but cannot be created or destroyed.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) A catchment.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Two catastrophic events of rainfall.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Water balance.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Water processes.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) A hydrograph.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) A trend line for rainfall.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Defining a flood.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Accounting equation 1.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Accounting equation 2.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Accounting equation 4.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Decision chart for choosing a water source 1.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Decision chart for choosing a water source 2.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Defining floods and droughts.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) River flow.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Accounting equation 3.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Accounts format.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Basic categories of accounting information.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Common approaches for depreciating assets.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Credit worthiness ratios for XYZ.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Efficiency ratios for XYZ.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Liquidity ratios for XYZ.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) The nomenclature used for debiting and crediting various accounts.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Trend of profitability ratios.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Utility financial management cycle.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Utility functions and the external environment.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well dimensions 2.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well dimensions 1.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Tank and well.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well with submersible pump.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Distance from well to septic tank.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Distance of well from a river.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well with low section of wall - colour.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Steps for disinfection of wells.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Cross-section of a gravity well.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) A simple Shaduf.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Protected well with double bucket system - colour.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well with windlass and bucket and cover v1.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well with windlass and bucket and cover v2.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Protected well with double bucket system.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Good features of open wells.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpump being used for de-watering a well excavation.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Cross-section of upgraded well.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Cross-section of upgraded well with handpump.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Rope and washer pump being used for de-watering a well excavation.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Suggested digging techniques for hand-dug wells in different strata.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Lining in short sections has excavation progresses.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Lining in the sections as excavation proceeds.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Tapered shutters used for pre-cast reinforced mortar rings.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Well excavation supported by the modified Chicago method.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Lining as excavation proceeds using caissons.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Backfilled well.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Buried well.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Cost of shallow hand-dug and hand-augered boreholes.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Roller bars on a well to protect ropes from abrasion.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Upgraded well with handpump.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Windlass with users instructions.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Improvement to simple wells.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Improvements to a simple well.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Willingness to pay 01.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Willingness to pay 02.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Willingness to pay 03.

Davey, K and Shaw, R (2019) Willingness to pay 04.

Davey, K, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Roller bars on a well to protect ropes from abrasion - colour.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plot sizes.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Insect nuisance.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Levels of user satisfaction.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Odour nuisance.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating in a flush toilet.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating in a plastic bag 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating - seated.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pedestal toilet.

McMahon, G, Chatterton, K, Shaw, R (2019) Open defecation 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cat method 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cat method 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cat method 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating - top view.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Open defecation and defecating into a pit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Open defecation 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating in a cold climate.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Operation and maintenance management cycle.

Shaw, R (2019) Tampon.

Shaw, R (2019) How to make a sanitary pad.

Shaw, R (2019) Low cost pads bridge an economic gap.

Chatterton, K and Shaw, R (2019) Pocket charts.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A learning cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Chart distribution of people who practice open defecation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) External and internal income.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Community social research methodologies.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Financial resources human resources and technology.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Examples of cost recovery options.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Force field analysis.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Force field analysis.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Functions of management in the project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Four steps to implementing CLTS.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Linking project and programme logframes.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Institutional appraisal and development.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Influence importance matrix.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) McKinseys 7 stages.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Project purposes form programme outputs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Planning process.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Planning and monitoring cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Oxfams planning process.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Range of influence.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Range of importance.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Results from a WTP survey in Dar es Salaam.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sanitation marketing mix.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Results chain linked to logframe objectives.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sanitation marketing process.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Squat cover operated by foot.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sufficiency of trained capable personnel sanitation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Scales of participation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) SWOT analysis.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sufficiency of trained capable personnel water.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The if-then relationship in the logical framework.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The community-level project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The spiral project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The macro project cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The marketing process.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Who collects water.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Virtuous circle of improved cost recovery and services.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Venn diagram of a classification structure.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Viscious circle of poor cost recovery.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Anthill soil for a vent pipe.

Chatterton, K and Shaw, R (2019) Blair VIP latrine-plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Brickwork with netting.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Bamboo as a vent pipe.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Anthill soil pipe with netting 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Anthill soil pipe with netting 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flyproof netting with anthill section.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Fitting a vent pipe 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Fitting a vent pipe 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flyproof netting.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - a.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - a1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - b.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - c.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - c1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - b1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - f.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - e.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plastered matting for a vent pipe - d.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) PVC pipe with tied netting.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) PVC pipe with netting.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Ventilation in VIP latrines 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Securing the vent pipe to the wall.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Using steel mesh for a vent pipe.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Ventilation in VIP latrines 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 4 version 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A ventilated improved pit latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 5.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 4 version 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 4 version 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP latrine 6.

Shaw, R (2019) Double-vault urine-diverting latrine - isometric.

Shaw, R (2019) Double-vault urine-diverting latrine.

Shaw, R (2019) Double-vault urine-diverting latrine plan.

Shaw, R (2019) Vault latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Rocks too close to the surface.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Sato toilet pan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cross-sections of water-seal (pour-flush) pans.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit alternative arrangements.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit latrine raised.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit latrine 3.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) A twin-pit ventilated improved pit latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit pour-flush latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit pour-flush latrine 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Twin-pit offset pour-flush latrines.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Basic pit shapes in plan view.

Shaw, R (2019) Low-cost latrine superstructure.

Shaw, R (2019) Superstructure for VIP with spiral entrance.

Shaw, R (2019) Dimensions for timber-frame for trench latrine superstructure.

Shaw, R (2019) Timber-frame for trench latrine superstructure drawing.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Ventilation in pour-flush and VIP latrine.

Shaw, R (2019) Domed concrete slab with reinforcement for cold regions.

Shaw, R (2019) Ferrocement slab with pour-flush bowls.

Shaw, R (2019) Domed concrete slab without reinforcement plan.

Shaw, R (2019) Domed concrete slab without reinforcement section.

Shaw, R (2019) Ferrocement slab with pour-flush bowls - sections.

Shaw, R (2019) Man defecating.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Reinforced concrete latrine slab - sections.

Shaw, R (2019) Reinforced concrete latrine slab.

Shaw, R (2019) Slab supported by poles.

Shaw, R (2019) Slabs made of wood.

Shaw, R (2019) Slabs made of wood orthographic.

Shaw, R (2019) Slabs made of wood lid - detail.

Shaw, R (2019) Slabs made of wood quantities.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Squat cover operated by foot 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Squat cover operated by foot 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Stress concentrations on rectangular and circular pits.

Shaw, R (2019) Tight-fitting lid.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Supporting latrine pits.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Wooden seat.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan with figure.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Wood and concrete seats.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan.

Shaw, R (2019) Institutional latrine design plan.

Shaw, R (2019) Communal aqua-privy 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Open drain communal latrine.

Shaw, R (2019) Institutional latrine design section.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised block latrine isometric without lid.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised block latrine isometric lid.

Chatterton, K and Shaw, R (2019) Raised block latrine - isometric 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised block latrine plan.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) House connections from home to river and environs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Simple branches and looped networks.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) From home to city.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sewers usually follow the ground slope and road pattern.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Aeration of a septic tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Connection detail.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Condominial sewer layout in Petrolina 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Condominial sewer layout in Petrolina 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Branched network pipes.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Options for flow through tank partitions.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Latrine and septic tank without tanker.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Minimum gradient flow.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Convent shallow sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Changes in the nitrate concentration of groundwater.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Rate maximum flow and average flow.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Predicting the likelihood of on-site sanitation failure.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Typical design for a large interceptor tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Small interceptor tank with four to six hours retention.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Solids transport mechanisms in the upper reaches of a sewer network.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Typical layout of the upper reaches of a sewer network.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Rodding eyes to replace an access chamber.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Effect of pipe diameter on solids movement efficiency.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Underground junctions box.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Rodding eye as the head of a sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plan of electrical mains.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cross-section of a lined drain.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Anchoring a telegraph pole.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Telegraph poles.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Types of electrical circuits.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Telegraph pole.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Recommended minimum distance between two houses.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Low-cost housing with electrical supply.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Recommended distances between single-storey house and two-storey house.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Recommended distances between to houses with car lorry and telegraph pole.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Section and plan of house with external pit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Recommended distances between two houses with telegraph pole and lorry.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Section of a shallow pit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plot types.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Section of a pit with lining sections cemented.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pipelines and treatment works near river.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The sanitation chain.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Stages in the sanitation chain.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised block latrine section.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised latrine 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Wire sag between two telegraph poles.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Plan of roads.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised latrine 1a.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Lined soakpit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional suction handpump.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Aqua-privy to drainage field 1.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Participation ladder.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Aqua-privy to sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Aqua-privy to drainage field 2.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flush toilet to sewer from house.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flush toilet to septic tank.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Concrete slab and pit lining.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Cat method.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Off-set pour-flush.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Off-set pour-flush and VIP.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flush toilet to sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Flush toilet to sewer pit removed.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Open defecation.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Fitted SanPlat.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Pour-flush to sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Septic tank systems.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Septic tank system to sewer.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Shallow pit.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Slab made of logs.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Slab covered in mud.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) VIP Latrine.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal fitted and VIP.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Water-seal pan fitted.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Sanitation ladder.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Domestic rainwater catchment system.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The water cycle.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Traditional suction pump section.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) The Tara handpump section.

McMahon, G and Shaw, R (2019) Handpump cylinder.

Shaw, R (2019) Mechanised cleaning of an earth drain.

Shaw, R (2019) Cycle helmet with a secure strap.

Shaw, R (2019) Zig-zag roads.

Shaw, R (2019) Looking through an Abney level.

Shaw, R (2019) Child using an access platform to collect water from a pond.

Shaw, R (2019) Child collecting water from a shallow pond.

Shaw, R (2019) Collecting water from a river.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman collecting water.

Shaw, R (2019) Man and a woman by the edge of a lake.

Shaw, R (2019) Surface-water - fenced 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Surface-water - fenced 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse - alcohol.

Shaw, R (2019) Sharing needles.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse - hard drugs.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse - pills.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse - tobacco and marijuana.

Shaw, R (2019) Substance abuse - solvents.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy at a standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Public standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Handwashing at a public standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Man at a standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Buckets and two taps.

Shaw, R (2019) Standpost in disrepair.

Shaw, R (2019) Standpost - fenced - with three taps.

Shaw, R (2019) Sink and taps.

Shaw, R (2019) Simple standpost with water pots.

Shaw, R (2019) Tap and vertical pipe.

Shaw, R (2019) Tap and pipework.

Shaw, R (2019) Standpost without adequate provision for drainage.

Shaw, R (2019) Tap attached to brick wall.

Shaw, R (2019) Yard tap 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Yard tap 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman loading water onto her back at a standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman filling a jerrycan at a standpost.

Shaw, R (2019) Excavating a spring.

Shaw, R (2019) A dry spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Collecting water from a protected spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring with access steps.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring with access steps and handrail.

Shaw, R (2019) Jerrycan at a spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring with faults.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring with faults.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring with faults.

Shaw, R (2019) Protected spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Washing at a spring.

Shaw, R (2019) Spring box on a hillside.

Shaw, R (2019) Unprotected spring with figure.

Shaw, R (2019) Unprotected spring on a hillside.

Shaw, R (2019) Motorcycle and solid waste cart.

Shaw, R (2019) Open waste pit.

Shaw, R (2019) Donkey and solid waste cart.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy emptying solid waste into a skip.

Shaw, R (2019) Solid waste-autorickshaw.

Shaw, R (2019) Solid waste tip.

Shaw, R (2019) Solid waste handcart.

Shaw, R (2019) Solid waste cycle cart.

Shaw, R (2019) Tractor at a landfill site.

Shaw, R (2019) Waste truck.

Shaw, R (2019) Wheelbarrow with waste.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman emptying solid waste from a wheelbarrow.

Shaw, R (2019) Child with marasmus.

Shaw, R (2019) Sick children.

Shaw, R (2019) Child coughing.

Shaw, R (2019) Child with measles.

Shaw, R (2019) Chicken with avian influenza.

Shaw, R (2019) Chicken with avian flu.

Shaw, R (2019) Administering a polio vaccine.

Shaw, R (2019) A man with TB.

Shaw, R (2019) Child sick with malaria.

Shaw, R (2019) Child receiving polio vaccine.

Shaw, R (2019) Child with diarrhoea.

Shaw, R (2019) Child playing with a sick bird.

Shaw, R (2019) Chronically sick child.

Shaw, R (2019) Controlling infection by coughs.

Shaw, R (2019) Child with polio.

Shaw, R (2019) Child with kwashiorkor.

Shaw, R (2019) Measuring MUAC.

Shaw, R (2019) Measuring height.

Shaw, R (2019) IRS spraying.

Shaw, R (2019) How to hang a mosquito net.

Shaw, R (2019) Oral rehydration of an adult.

Shaw, R (2019) Oral rehydration of a child.

Shaw, R (2019) Oral rehydration if packets unavailable.

Shaw, R (2019) Measuring weight.

Shaw, R (2019) Staff in full protective clothing during an Ebola outbreak.

Shaw, R (2019) Skin pinch to assess dehydration.

Shaw, R (2019) Patient with malaria.

Shaw, R (2019) Oral rehydration salts.

Shaw, R (2019) Truck-mounted fogging unit for vector control.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman with Chagas disease.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman wearing an HIV T-shirt.

Shaw, R (2019) Ventilation.

Shaw, R (2019) Laying a sewer pipe.

Shaw, R (2019) Septic tank under construction.

Shaw, R (2019) Emptying a septic tank.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy getting out of water.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy crouching down.

Shaw, R (2019) Dry season.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy running to car.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainy season.

Shaw, R (2019) Storm clouds with lightening.

Shaw, R (2019) School latrine block in Uganda.

Shaw, R (2019) Temporary school.

Shaw, R (2019) Children singing and playing music.

Shaw, R (2019) Public latrines without vent pipes.

Shaw, R (2019) Children painting.

Shaw, R (2019) Building a school latrine block.

Shaw, R (2019) Childbirth.

Shaw, R (2019) Breastfeeding.

Shaw, R (2019) Wrapped newborn with mother.

Shaw, R (2019) Childbirth in hygienic conditions.

Shaw, R (2019) Mother bottle feeding.

Shaw, R (2019) Breastfeeding dehydrated.

Shaw, R (2019) Mother and baby.

Shaw, R (2019) Pregnant woman.

Shaw, R (2019) Couple at a family planning centre.

Shaw, R (2019) Pregnant woman receiving an injection.

Shaw, R (2019) Engaging in religious ceremonies.

Shaw, R (2019) A Hindu funeral.

Shaw, R (2019) A funeral pyre.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 4.

Shaw, R (2019) Child in a refugee camp.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 5.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 3.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 8.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 7.

Shaw, R (2019) Continuum of shelter 6.

Shaw, R (2019) Distribution of drugs.

Shaw, R (2019) Helping with the distribution of supplies.

Shaw, R (2019) Delivering supplies by helicopter.

Shaw, R (2019) Delivering supplies by aircraft.

Shaw, R (2019) Red Cross tent accommodation for refugees.

Shaw, R (2019) Mother and child under a blanket.

Shaw, R (2019) Refugees Kosovo.

Shaw, R (2019) Refugee camp 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Refugee camp 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Refugees and the Red Crescent emblem.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 5.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 3.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 4.

Shaw, R (2019) Rainwater collection 6.

Shaw, R (2019) Durable brick at the collection point.

Shaw, R (2019) Vergnet 4C2.

Shaw, R (2019) Funnel and jerrycan at a pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Durable stone at the collection point.

Shaw, R (2019) Volanta.

Shaw, R (2019) Volanta.

Shaw, R (2019) Problems with thermal cracking.

Shaw, R (2019) Handpump with jerrycan.

Shaw, R (2019) Handpump with apron channel and fence.

Shaw, R (2019) Lengthened handpump handle.

Shaw, R (2019) Raised apron slab on a mound.

Shaw, R (2019) Afridev handpump mounted in a concrete block 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Afridev handpump mounted in a concrete block 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Disabled woman collecting water from a handpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Disabled man operating a handpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Direct action pump with well surround.

Shaw, R (2019) Child using a footpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Man using a treadle pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Handpump inside a fenced compound.

Shaw, R (2019) Handpump and wastewater for irrigation.

Shaw, R (2019) Disabled woman collecting water from a handpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Well head and surround - damaged.

Shaw, R (2019) Washing hands at a pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Mending a pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Soil sampling using a hand auger.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman using an India Mark II handpump 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman using an India Mark II handpump 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman filling a bucket from a handpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Well head and surround - in good condition.

Shaw, R (2019) Drawing water from a protected well.

Shaw, R (2019) A straight-sided well.

Shaw, R (2019) Pregnant woman receiving an injection.

Shaw, R (2019) Routine pregnancy checkup.

Shaw, R (2019) Pregnant woman.

Shaw, R (2019) Debris close to a well.

Shaw, R (2019) Damaged well.

Shaw, R (2019) Community well – deciding the height.

Shaw, R (2019) Community building a well.

Shaw, R (2019) Girl turning a well handle.

Shaw, R (2019) Drawing water from a well 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Drawing water from a well 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Reaching over the wall of a well.

Shaw, R (2019) Prefabricated well lining.

Shaw, R (2019) Open well 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Open well 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Women drawing water from a well.

Shaw, R (2019) Well inspection.

Shaw, R (2019) Upgraded well.

Shaw, R (2019) Steep approach to a well.

Shaw, R (2019) Water vendor with cycle cart.

Shaw, R (2019) Paying for water with cash.

Shaw, R (2019) Water vending from a kiosk.

Shaw, R (2019) Selling water at a kiosk.

Shaw, R (2019) Water treatment works.

Shaw, R (2019) Trailer mounted mobile water treatment plant.

Shaw, R (2019) Candle filters.

Shaw, R (2019) Water treatment with tablets.

Shaw, R (2019) EJK water tanker.

Shaw, R (2019) Cleaning out the inside of a tank with a broom.

Shaw, R (2019) Filling a water container from a tanker.

Shaw, R (2019) Water tanker.

Shaw, R (2019) Water tankers.

Shaw, R (2019) Tanker emptying septic tank.

Shaw, R (2019) Bucket with a tap.

Shaw, R (2019) Emergency water tank on a frame.

Shaw, R (2019) Emergency water tank – Red Cross.

Shaw, R (2019) Drawing water from a bucket with tap.

Shaw, R (2019) Ferrocement water storage jar fitted with a tap.

Shaw, R (2019) Emergency water tank with two figures.

Shaw, R (2019) Water towers.

Shaw, R (2019) Two ferrocement water pots.

Shaw, R (2019) Group of water pots.

Shaw, R (2019) Examining the turbidity of water.

Shaw, R (2019) Bucket of turbid water.

Shaw, R (2019) Portable incubator for testing faecal bacteria.

Shaw, R (2019) Hand and tablet.

Shaw, R (2019) Filling a chlorinator flipped.

Shaw, R (2019) Hand and jug.

Shaw, R (2019) Testing the pH level of water.

Shaw, R (2019) Portable water testing kit.

Shaw, R (2019) Testing turbidity 4.

Shaw, R (2019) Testing turbidity 3.

Shaw, R (2019) Testing turbidity 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Testing turbidity 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Water sampling at a treatment plant.

Shaw, R (2019) Water sampling and analysis by a river.

Shaw, R (2019) Water sampling at a handpump.

Shaw, R (2019) Water sampling and analysis at a pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Clay water pot - Egypt.

Shaw, R (2019) Brass pot.

Shaw, R (2019) Assorted pots.

Shaw, R (2019) Funnel and jerrycan at a pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Donkey with water carrier.

Shaw, R (2019) Donkeys with jerry cans.

Shaw, R (2019) Oxfam water bucket.

Shaw, R (2019) Pot with a narrow neck.

Shaw, R (2019) Metal water pot.

Shaw, R (2019) Gourd.

Shaw, R (2019) Round clay water pot and tyre.

Shaw, R (2019) Round clay water pot.

Shaw, R (2019) Uncovered water containers.

Shaw, R (2019) Water bags.

Shaw, R (2019) Two water containers.

Shaw, R (2019) Rubber water bags.

Shaw, R (2019) Yellow jerry cans.

Shaw, R (2019) Yellow jerry can.

Shaw, R (2019) Water carrier for a donkey.

Shaw, R (2019) Water roller with landscape.

Shaw, R (2019) Man drinking from a jar.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy drinking from a bowl.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy drinking water from a pot.

Shaw, R (2019) Boy carrying a jerrycan on his head with village.

Shaw, R (2019) Girl carrying a bucket 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Girl carrying a bucket 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Disabled woman carrying a jerrycan on her head with village.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman carrying water in a bucket.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman carrying a water pot on her back 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman carrying a water pot on her back 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Man using a yoke to lift and carry two buckets of water.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman holding a bucket of water on her head.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman carrying water in a clay pot.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman pouring wastewater into a gutter.

Shaw, R (2019) Girl with jerrycan on her back.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman walking and carrying a bucket of water on her head.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman with three water pots.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman standing and holding a bucket of water on her head.

Shaw, R (2019) Man washing clothes.

Shaw, R (2019) Mother washing her child.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman washing her face.

Shaw, R (2019) Washing up.

Shaw, R (2019) Washing clothes in open water.

Shaw, R (2019) Woman washing clothes in a yard.

Shaw, R (2019) One-to-one conversation with a volunteer.

Shaw, R (2019) Playing with children.

Shaw, R (2019) Distributing supplies from a van.

Shaw, R (2019) Day sack and contents.

Shaw, R (2019) Children and volunteers.

Shaw, R (2019) A volunteer visits a family at home.

Shaw, R (2019) Health promotion by a volunteer.

Shaw, R (2019) Group discussion.

Shaw, R (2019) Household interview by a volunteer.

Shaw, R (2019) House visit by a volunteer 2.

Shaw, R (2019) House visit by a volunteer 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Psychosocial support programme.

Shaw, R (2019) Peer support.

Shaw, R (2019) Multi-cultural volunteers.

Shaw, R (2019) Treatment in a field health centre.

Shaw, R (2019) Red Crescent team with ambulance.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer faces the media.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer in a school.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer comforts a grieving man.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer talking to village elders.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer talking to medical staff.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer performs chest compressions.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers carrying an injured woman.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer washing out a wound.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteer using IEC materials.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers playing with children.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers in the community.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers conducting assessment.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers with posters.

Shaw, R (2019) Emblems on a keyring.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers talking to villagers.

Shaw, R (2019) Volunteers supporting each other.

Shaw, R (2019) Bee.

Shaw, R (2019) Bats.

Shaw, R (2019) Snake.

Shaw, R (2019) Dogs.

Shaw, R (2019) Scorpion.

Shaw, R (2019) Monkey.

Shaw, R (2019) Vaccines.

Shaw, R (2019) Child receiving polio vaccine.

Shaw, R (2019) Vaccination in the community 2.

Shaw, R (2019) Vaccination in the community 1.

Shaw, R (2019) Vaccination campaign.

Shaw, R (2019) Timber stacked for seasoning.

Shaw, R (2019) Banana tree.

Shaw, R (2019) Young tree.

Shaw, R (2019) A simple ford.

Shaw, R (2019) Wearing a seatbelt.

Shaw, R (2019) Impacts of a disaster.

Shaw, R (2019) Two catastrophic events.

Shaw, R (2019) Defining droughts and floods.

Shaw, R (2019) Building a clay dam wearing gloves.

Shaw, R (2019) Cement mortar.

Shaw, R (2019) Concrete mixer.

Shaw, R (2019) Hand without aggregate.

Shaw, R (2019) Hand stained with aggregate.

Shaw, R (2019) Hand with aggregate.

Shaw, R (2019) Damaged bag of concrete.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 3: Levelling the contents of the container.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 1: Laying out the board.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 2: Filling the container with aggregate.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 6: Mixing the aggregates and cement together.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 5: Aggregates and cement ready for mixing.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 4: Emptying the contents of the container.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 9: Mixing the pile again.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 7: Making a crater in the mixture.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 8: Pouring water into the crater.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 12: Testing the mix.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 11: Continuing to mix.

Shaw, R (2019) Pile of cement bags.

Shaw, R (2019) Mixing concrete - 10: Pouring more water into the crater.

Shaw, R (2019) Tamping.

Shaw, R (2019) Shuttering.

Shaw, R (2019) Aquadev.

Shaw, R (2019) Aquadev.

Shaw, R (2019) CanZee.

Shaw, R (2019) Blair.

Shaw, R (2019) CanZee.

Shaw, R (2019) Blair.

Shaw, R (2019) India Mark II.

Shaw, R (2019) India Mark II.

Shaw, R (2019) Consallen.

Shaw, R (2019) Consallen.

Shaw, R (2019) Monolift.

Shaw, R (2019) Orbit.

Shaw, R (2019) Orbit.

Shaw, R (2019) Monolift.

Shaw, R (2019) Treadle pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Treadle pump.

Shaw, R (2019) Vergnet 4C2.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – anger.

Shaw, R (2018) Access to help.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – behavioural avoidance.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – anxiety.

Shaw, R (2018) Child isolated from a group.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – intrusive memories.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – guilt.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – exhaustion.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – disappointment.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – outburst of feelings.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – outburst of feelings in a war zone.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – mental avoidance.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – nervousness.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – re-experiencing events.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – sadness.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – poor concentration.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – psychiatric disorder.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – wary.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – sleep disturbance.

Shaw, R (2018) Keeping active.

Shaw, R (2018) Isolated man on a bus.

Shaw, R (2018) Extreme stress – withdrawal.

Shaw, R (2018) Offering to help others.

Shaw, R (2018) Maintaining daily routines.

Shaw, R (2018) Listening attentively.

Shaw, R (2018) One-to-one conversation with a volunteer.

Shaw, R (2018) Psycho-education.

Shaw, R (2018) Referral of a casualty to medical staff.

Shaw, R (2018) Seeking help.

Shaw, R (2018) Personal loss.

Shaw, R (2018) Stressed girl.

Shaw, R (2018) Staying close.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman isolated from a group.

Shaw, R (2018) Two women.

Shaw, R (2018) Boy with hands in pockets.

Shaw, R (2018) Boy in a coat.

Shaw, R (2018) Man standing 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Man in a jumper.

Shaw, R (2018) Sick child.

Shaw, R (2018) Mother feeding baby with a spoon.

Shaw, R (2018) Chinese girl.

Shaw, R (2018) Man with a bucket.

Shaw, R (2018) Middle Eastern man.

Shaw, R (2018) Man walking.

Shaw, R (2018) Man standing 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Discussion over the phone.

Shaw, R (2018) Deep in thought.

Shaw, R (2018) Two men standing.

Shaw, R (2018) Presenting at a conference 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Persuasive presentation.

Shaw, R (2018) Presenting with a laptop.

Shaw, R (2018) Presenting at a conference 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Listening and thinking.

Shaw, R (2018) Lecturing.

Shaw, R (2018) Group discussion around a table.

Shaw, R (2018) Three people in a discussion 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Reading a leaflet.

Shaw, R (2018) Shaking hands.

Shaw, R (2018) Presenting with a microphone.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Three people in a discussion 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Three people in a discussion 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 6.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 5.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 8.

Shaw, R (2018) Two people in a discussion 7.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 5.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing 2a.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman pointing.

Shaw, R (2018) Writing at a computer.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman carrying a heavy load.

Shaw, R (2018) Indian woman.

Shaw, R (2018) Three people in a discussion 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Mother washing her child.

Shaw, R (2018) Childbirth in hygienic conditions.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 1a.

Shaw, R (2018) Washing at a water point.

Shaw, R (2018) Brushing teeth.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 1b.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 5.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 1b.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 1a.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 9.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 7.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 8.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing 6.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 7.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 8.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 5.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 6.

Shaw, R (2018) Wearing long sleeves.

Shaw, R (2018) Mother washing her child.

Shaw, R (2018) Man cleaning up.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing (black background) 9.

Shaw, R (2018) Handwashing with soap.

Shaw, R (2018) Bathers.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman washing her face.

Shaw, R (2018) Bathers in a polluted canal.

Shaw, R (2018) Dissemination of information – distributing leaflets.

Shaw, R (2018) Dissemination of information – radio.

Shaw, R (2018) Open pit with sticks.

Shaw, R (2018) Simple pit latrine 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Brick latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Open pit with logs.

Shaw, R (2018) Simple pit latrine with seat and cover.

Shaw, R (2018) Bucket latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Bucket latrine - showing bucket.

Shaw, R (2018) Simple pit latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Digging a pit.

Shaw, R (2018) Renovating a compost latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Prefabricated pit lining.

Shaw, R (2018) Compost latrines.

Shaw, R (2018) Access to waste chambers of a compost latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Flush toilet 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Cleaning a pedestal toilet.

Shaw, R (2018) Making bricks.

Shaw, R (2018) Lined pit.

Shaw, R (2018) Disabled boy using an adapted wheelchair over a squatting plate.

Shaw, R (2018) Flushing a toilet.

Shaw, R (2018) Disabled boy using a wheelchair over a squatting plate.

Shaw, R (2018) Flush toilet 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine support rail for disabled users (colour).

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine door closing method for disabled users.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine door closing method for disabled users (colour).

Shaw, R (2018) Free-standing wooden support frame over a toilet.

Shaw, R (2018) Disabled girl entering an unimproved latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine support rail for disabled users.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine with enough space for a wheelchair.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine with space for a wheelchair alongside.

Shaw, R (2018) Shallow even steps and handrail to a latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Overhanging latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Overhanging latrine 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Pour flush latrine with a bucket.

Shaw, R (2018) Wooden ramp at entry to a latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Public latrines with vent pipes.

Shaw, R (2018) Poor environment with a latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) Communal latrines.

Shaw, R (2018) Pour flush latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Pour flush latrine 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Raised latrine showing steps.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine with steep steps.

Shaw, R (2018) Building a raised latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) School latrine block in Uganda.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine support rail for disabled users.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine seat - single.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine seat - double.

Shaw, R (2018) Four men test the strength of a latrine slab.

Shaw, R (2018) Raised latrine with vent pipes.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine with slab – under construction.

Shaw, R (2018) Three men rolling a latrine slab.

Shaw, R (2018) Lifting a sanplat.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine with twin pits and vent pipes.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit latrine under construction with pipes showing.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit latrine under construction with slabs in place.

Shaw, R (2018) Lining a latrine pit.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit latrine under construction with stones and blockwork.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit latrine under construction with three labourers.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit VIP latrine with access cover.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Twin pit VIP latrine – side view.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine 4 – offset.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine 2 – with door.

Shaw, R (2018) Spiral VIP latrine with vent pipe 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine under construction.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine with internal vent pipe and half door.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair VIP latrine with external vent pipe and half door.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine – thatched 1.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine – offset – with construction hose.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine – offset.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine – offset – under construction.

Shaw, R (2018) Spiral VIP latrine with vent pipe 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Latrine slab under construction.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine.

Shaw, R (2018) VIP latrine – thatched 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Boy squatting 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Man squatting.

Shaw, R (2018) Child with diarrhoea.

Shaw, R (2018) Boy squatting 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Two men squatting.

Shaw, R (2018) Ploughing.

Shaw, R (2018) Harvesting.

Shaw, R (2018) Fishing.

Shaw, R (2018) Flooded street with garbage.

Shaw, R (2018) Deep flood.

Shaw, R (2018) Child clearing up after a flood.

Shaw, R (2018) Storage tank damaged by flooding.

Shaw, R (2018) Water supply intake destroyed by floods.

Shaw, R (2018) Man cleaning up after a flood.

Shaw, R (2018) Rainy season.

Shaw, R (2018) People continue to live in flooded areas despite the risks.

Shaw, R (2018) Cooking indoors on an open fire.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteer distributing food to a family.

Shaw, R (2018) Preparing meat away from other food.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteer distributing food from a truck.

Shaw, R (2018) Cooking food on an open fire.

Shaw, R (2018) A variety of food.

Shaw, R (2018) Cooking food on a fire.

Shaw, R (2018) Treatment in a field health centre.

Shaw, R (2018) TB clinic.

Shaw, R (2018) Field hospital.

Shaw, R (2018) Clearing the ground after an earthquake.

Shaw, R (2018) Collapsed building after an earthquake.

Shaw, R (2018) Building supported to prevent collapse.

Shaw, R (2018) Building foundations failed after an earthquake.

Shaw, R (2018) Devastation after the Asian Tsunami.

Shaw, R (2018) Community destroyed by Hurricane Mitch.

Shaw, R (2018) Earthquake scene.

Shaw, R (2018) Family home devastated.

Shaw, R (2018) Devastation of a whole community.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency latrines.

Shaw, R (2018) Oxfam latrine block.

Shaw, R (2018) Liquefaction of soil around a manhole after an earthquake.

Shaw, R (2018) A centrifugal pump.

Shaw, R (2018) Trench latrines.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency toilets in Kalma camp.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water supply tank - Oxfam.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water supply tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Container-housed mobile water treatment plant.

Shaw, R (2018) Candle filters.

Shaw, R (2018) A wire mesh emergency water supply tank.

Shaw, R (2018) A steel tube frame tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water treatment plant.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water supply tank on a frame.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water supply tank with two figures.

Shaw, R (2018) Emergency water supply tank - Red Cross.

Shaw, R (2018) Pre-fabricated collapsible water storage tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Pillow or bladder storage tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Floating water intake.

Shaw, R (2018) Submersible pump and portable generator.

Shaw, R (2018) Storage tank on artificial ground.

Shaw, R (2018) Storage tank damaged by flooding.

Shaw, R (2018) Rigid metal or plastic storage tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Water storage.

Shaw, R (2018) Using a motorised pump to increase the pressure in a distribution main.

Shaw, R (2018) Tractor pulling a bed trailer carrying a bladder tank.

Shaw, R (2018) Trailer-mounted mobile water treatment plant.

Shaw, R (2018) Backfilling.

Shaw, R (2018) Drainage channel.

Shaw, R (2018) Compacting earth for a drain.

Shaw, R (2018) Soakaway filled with stones.

Shaw, R (2018) Removing silt manually from a drain.

Shaw, R (2018) Repairing a drainage trench.

Shaw, R (2018) Drainage trench with concrete slabs.

Shaw, R (2018) Disposal of the dead 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Disposal of dead bodies after the genocide in Rwanda.

Shaw, R (2018) Row of dead bodies.

Shaw, R (2018) Man with dead bodies.

Shaw, R (2018) Disposal of the dead 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Mass grave.

Shaw, R (2018) Wearing a personal protection suit.

Shaw, R (2018) Taking off protective clothing.

Shaw, R (2018) Putting on protective clothing.

Shaw, R (2018) Personal protection equipment - PPE.

Shaw, R (2018) Hot climate building principles - earth.

Shaw, R (2018) Community mobilisation.

Shaw, R (2018) Using a wheelbarrow for heavy objects.

Shaw, R (2018) Hot climate building principles - shade.

Shaw, R (2018) Community focus group meeting.

Shaw, R (2018) Community participation.

Shaw, R (2018) Community meeting under a tree.

Shaw, R (2018) Community meeting - India.

Shaw, R (2018) Community meeting around a table.

Shaw, R (2018) Looking for information about loved ones.

Shaw, R (2018) Group discussion.

Shaw, R (2018) Male Red Cross volunteer leading a group discussion.

Shaw, R (2018) Involving local people.

Shaw, R (2018) Widows sewing.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteers talking to villagers.

Shaw, R (2018) Using a community map with a group.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteer talking to a beneficiary.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Approaches to coastal defence.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Divergent fault.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Different types of flood risk.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Cross section of a tropical storm.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Cross section of a tornado.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Flood zoning.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) El Nino and La Nina.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Key types of volcano.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) How a tsunami occurs.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Global distribution of major volcanoes.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Hazards associated with volcanic activity.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Flooding of the flood plain.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Sustainable and resilient solutions.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) SUDS.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Storm surge.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Map of global tropical storm distribution.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Tsunami generated by a landslide.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Tornado hazard map.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Transform fault.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Vulnerability table.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Approaches to dealing with floods.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Tsunami generated by a volcano.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Types of seismic waves.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Overview of a risk management framework.

Shaw, R (2018) Raised latrine 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Raised latrine 1.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Slope alarms.

Shaw, R, McMahon, G, Davey, K (2018) Tectonic plates.

Shaw, R (2018) Giving blood.

Shaw, R (2018) Carrying a casualty on a stretcher.

Shaw, R (2018) Unit of blood.

Shaw, R (2018) Children playing near a live wire.

Shaw, R (2018) Child playing with matches.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteer helping a casualty.

Shaw, R (2018) Immobilized casualty on a stretcher.

Shaw, R (2018) Applying pressure to a wound.

Shaw, R (2018) Accident from an electrical cable.

Shaw, R (2018) Abdominal thrust.

Shaw, R (2018) A man being rescued from water.

Shaw, R (2018) Child drowning.

Shaw, R (2018) Chest compressions to a child.

Shaw, R (2018) Chest compressions to an infant.

Shaw, R (2018) Checking for fever.

Shaw, R (2018) Back blows.

Shaw, R (2018) Hazardous substances.

Shaw, R (2018) Cooling down a child.

Shaw, R (2018) First aid kit.

Shaw, R (2018) Child reaching for a hot pan.

Shaw, R (2018) Immobilizing an upper limb fracture.

Shaw, R (2018) Immobilizing a lower limb fracture.

Shaw, R (2018) Head tilt – chin lift.

Shaw, R (2018) Home care.

Shaw, R (2018) Man choking.

Shaw, R (2018) Improvised stretcher using shirts.

Shaw, R (2018) Improvised stretcher using a rope.

Shaw, R (2018) Improvised stretcher using a blanket.

Shaw, R (2018) Person convulsing.

Shaw, R (2018) Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

Shaw, R (2018) Severe chest pain – heart attack.

Shaw, R (2018) Man with a fever.

Shaw, R (2018) Taking pills regularly.

Shaw, R (2018) Stopping a nose bleed.

Shaw, R (2018) Stroke victim.

Shaw, R (2018) Rest position for a heart attack victim.

Shaw, R (2018) Recovery position.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman feeling cold and clammy.

Shaw, R (2018) Types of fracture.

Shaw, R (2018) Treating a bleeding wound with pressure.

Shaw, R (2018) Volunteer performs rescue breaths.

Chatterton, K (2018) Disability poverty vulnerability cycle.

Davey, K (2018) Stages on a continuum towards WASH organisations mainstreaming disability and ageing.

Chatteron, K (2018) Wooden cog and sprockets.

Chatteron, K (2018) Technical specifications for concrete steps.

Chatterton, K (2018) Technical specifications for wheelchair turning circle.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a bathroom without a toilet.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a toilet.

Chatterton, K (2018) Water lifting device.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a bathroom.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a toilet cubicle.

Chatterton, K (2018) Side elevation of a toilet seat.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of sanitation in the school compound.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a fixed raised seated latrine.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a multiple use bathroom.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of wall mounted handrails.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of an accessible school toilet.

Chatterton, K (2018) Cycle cart.

Chatterton, K (2018) Various dimensions of slopes with wheelchair users.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan view of a wheelchair user in a turning circle.

Chatterton, K (2018) Levels of disability.

Chatterton, K (2018) Wooden chair with a hole for defecation.

Chatterton, K (2018) Commode with raised arms.

Chatterton, K (2018) Stool.

Chatterton, K (2018) Handpump 2.

Chatterton, K (2018) Handpump 3.

Chatterton, K (2018) Handpump 1.

Chatterton, K (2018) Treadle pump.

Chatterton, K (2018) Detail of a handrail.

Chatterton, K (2018) Dimensions of a block.

Chatterton, K (2018) Perspective view of a latrine shelter for disabled people.

Chatterton, K (2018) Rainwater harvesting with bathing bed and screen.

Chatterton, K (2018) Staggered ramp with steps to door.

Chatterton, K (2018) Ramp and steps to building.

Chatterton, K (2018) Wooden toilet seat and dimensions.

Chatterton, K (2018) Cutaway view of latrine shelter for disabled people.

Chatterton, K (2018) Sanitation ladder 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Project cycle.

Chatterton, K (2018) Sanitation ladder 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Lack of economic opportunities.

Shaw, R (2018) Project process.

Chatterton, K (2018) Problem to output.

Chatterton, K (2018) Additional factors to consider: sanitation.

Chatterton, K (2018) Save for all family.

Chatterton, K (2018) Sanitation ladder cost vs safety.

Chatterton, K (2018) Improve economic opportunities.

Chatterton, K (2018) Potential options.

Chatterton, K (2018) Is the amount of money collected enough?.

Chatterton, K (2018) Potential technical options.

Chatterton, K (2018) Ezinqeni Mpini water supply.

Chatterton, K (2018) Sand storage dam.

Chatterton, K (2018) Building a consensus with key stakeholders.

Chatterton, K (2018) Plan of Kibera informal settlement.

Chatterton, K (2018) Service and management functions.

Chatterton, K (2018) CAMEP management user association.

Chatterton, K (2018) Utility management and ownership of utility.

Chatterton, K (2018) The contracting out decision tree (realistic).

Chatterton, K (2018) Benefits vs length of contract.

Chatterton, K (2018) The contracting out decision tree (ideal).

Chatterton, K (2018) Promote or devolve.

Chatterton, K (2018) A clock chart recording the day's activities.

Chatterton, K (2018) Main water collectors, Bhutan.

Chatterton, K (2018) The Blair bucket and it's valve.

Chatterton, K (2018) Drilling a borehole: Stages 5 - 8.

Chatterton, K (2018) Drilling a borehole: Stage 9.

Chatterton, K (2018) Borehole flushing.

Chatterton, K (2018) Jetting method.

Chatterton, K (2018) Jetting.

Shaw, R (2018) Stages in rehabilitating a borehole.

Chatterton, K (2018) Typical components of a borehole design.

Chatterton, K (2018) Drilling a borehole: Stages 1 - 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Bottle of water.

Shaw, R (2018) Bottles of water.

Shaw, R (2018) Drinking bottled water.

Shaw, R (2018) Drinking from a water bottle 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Drinking from a water bottle 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Pouring water from a bottle into a cup.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump in a protected compound with apron and channel.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump with apron channel and fence.

Shaw, R (2018) Woman at a well.

Shaw, R (2018) Installation details of India Mark III deep well pump.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 3.

Shaw, R (2018) Section through a soakaway and apron slab.

Shaw, R (2018) Blair bucket in use.

Shaw, R (2018) Soakage systems for disposal of wasted water.

Shaw, R (2018) Recommended installation details for the Afridev pumpstand.

Shaw, R (2018) Hygienic arrangement at a well-head for a rope and washer pump.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 1.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 5.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 4.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 2.

Shaw, R (2018) Typical apron slab and channel drain.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 6.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump and apron 7.

Shaw, R (2018) Well with windlass.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump protected by a fence with apron and channel.

Shaw, R (2018) Handpump with jerrycan.

Shaw, R (2018) Preventing erosion at the base of a concrete slab.

Shaw, R (2018) Mixing concrete.

Shaw, R (2018) Problems with thermal cracking around a handpump compound.

Shaw, R (2018) Drawing water from a well.



Media

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 4b of 6 – Deepwell pumps: The Afridev.

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 6 of 6 – Summary.

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 1 of 6 – Introduction.

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 2 of 6 – Suction pumps.

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 3 of 6 – Direct action pumps.

Skinner, B, Shaw, R, Chatterton, K (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 4a of 6 – Deepwell pumps: The India Mark II.

Shaw, R (2019) Handpumps – An Overview: Part 5 of 6 – Progressive cavity; diaphragm hose; rope and washer pumps.

Shaw, R, Reed, B, Smith, M, Chatterton, K (2018) Measuring the turbidity of water.



Other

Hutton, LG (2017) G034: Water sampling, For many people, the quality of water available can be poor. Analysis of a water supply may be required to find out whether the water is safe to drink or whether it needs to be treated before consumption. First, however, it is important to collect a sample of water representative of the water supply as a whole. Methods of analysing the quality of water are discussed in a series of fims produced by WEDC. This guide is a transcript from the WEDC film of the same title which is available here: http://wedc.lu/water-sampling.



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