Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications

Publications for Craig Hancock

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Journal Articles

Liu, X, Wang, J, Liu, F, Hancock, C (2024) Spectrum feature extraction method combining Allan variance, VMD, and PSD, Scientific Reports, 14(1), DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-61176-2.

Zhao, D, Cui, S, Zhang, X, Li, L, Sun, P, Bian, C, Ban, W, Hancock, C, Wang, Q, Zhang, K (2024) Analysis of global ionospheric scintillation and GPS positioning interference triggered by full-halo CME-driven geomagnetic storm: A case study, Advances in Space Research, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2024.06.001.

Hu, L, Meng, X, Xie, Y, Hancock, C, Ye, G, Bao, Y (2024) Examination of load-deformation characteristics of long-span bridges in harsh natural environments based on real-time updating artificial neural network, Engineering Structures, 308, 118022, ISSN: 0141-0296. DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2024.118022.

Liu, Y, Meng, X, Hu, L, Bao, Y, Hancock, C (2024) Application of Response Surface-Corrected Finite Element Model and Bayesian Neural Networks to Predict the Dynamic Response of Forth Road Bridges under Strong Winds, Sensors, 24(7), 2091, DOI: 10.3390/s24072091.

Yan, J, He, G, Basiri, A, Hancock, C, Yeboah, SK (2024) The impact of postures and moving directions in fire evacuation in a low-visibility environment, Sensors, 24(5), 1378, DOI: 10.3390/s24051378.

Zhang, Q, Zhang, L, Sun, A, Meng, X, Zhao, D, Hancock, C (2024) GNSS carrier-phase multipath modeling and correction: a review and prospect of data processing methods, Remote Sensing, 16(1), 189, DOI: 10.3390/rs16010189.

Sun, A, Zhang, Q, Gao, X, Meng, X, Zhang, Y, Hancock, C (2023) BDS dual-frequency carrier phase multipath hemispherical map model and its application in real-time deformation monitoring, Sensors, 23(14), 6357, DOI: 10.3390/s23146357.

Dai, K, Chen, Y, Xu, Q, Hancock, C, Jiang, M, Deng, J, Zhuo, G (2023) A functional model for determining maximum detectable deformation gradients of InSAR considering the topography in mountainous areas, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 61, 5211211, ISSN: 0196-2892. DOI: 10.1109/tgrs.2023.3287590.

Zhao, D, Zhang, X, Li, W, Wang, Q, Hancock, C, Li, C, Roberts, GW, Zhang, K (2023) Extracting ionospheric phase scintillation indicator from GNSS observations with 30-s sampling interval in the high-latitude region, GPS Solutions, 27(2), 79, ISSN: 1080-5370. DOI: 10.1007/s10291-023-01418-4.

Li, C, Hancock, C, Veettil, SV, Zhao, D, Hamm, NAS (2022) Mitigating the scintillation effect on GNSS signals using MP and ROTI, Remote Sensing, 14(23), 6089, DOI: 10.3390/rs14236089.

Li, C, Hancock, C, Veettil, SV, Zhao, D, Monico, JFG, Hamm, NAS (2022) Distinguishing ionospheric scintillation from multipath in GNSS signals using geodetic receivers, GPS Solutions, 26(4), 150, ISSN: 1080-5370. DOI: 10.1007/s10291-022-01328-x.

Zhao, D, Wang, Q, Li, W, Shi, S, Quan, Y, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW, Zhang, K, Chen, Y, Liu, X, Hao, Z, Cui, S, Zhang, X, Wang, X (2022) Validating ionospheric scintillation indices extracted from 30s-sampling-interval GNSS geodetic receivers with long-term ground and in-situ observations in high-latitude regions, Remote Sensing, 14(17), 4255, DOI: 10.3390/rs14174255.

Dai, K, Deng, J, Xu, Q, Li, Z, Shi, X, Hancock, C, Wen, N, Zhang, L, Zhuo, G (2022) Interpretation and sensitivity analysis of the InSAR line of sight displacements in landslide measurements, GIScience and Remote Sensing, 59(1), pp.1226-1242, ISSN: 1548-1603. DOI: 10.1080/15481603.2022.2100054.

Kelly, CI, Hancock, C, Grebby, S, Marsh, S, Ferreira, VG, Hamm, NAS (2022) Impact of meteorological conditions on water resources in the Upper East Region of Ghana using remotely-sensed and modelled hydrological data, Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 42(2022), 101124, DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrh.2022.101124.

Zhao, D, Li, W, Li, C, Tang, X, Wang, Q, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW, Zhang, K (2022) Ionospheric phase scintillation index estimation based on 1 Hz geodetic GNSS receiver measurements by using continuous wavelet transform, Space Weather, 20(4), e2021SW003015, DOI: 10.1029/2021SW003015.

Li, W, Zhao, D, He, C, Hancock, C, Shen, Y, Zhang, K (2022) Spatial-temporal behaviors of large-scale ionospheric perturbations during severe geomagnetic storms on September 7–8 2017 using the GNSS, SWARM and TIE-GCM techniques, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127(3), e2021JA029830, ISSN: 2169-9380. DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029830.

Tang, X, Liu, Z, Roberts, GW, Hancock, C (2022) PPP-derived tropospheric ZWD augmentation from local CORS network tested on bridge monitoring points, Advances in Space Research, 69(10), pp.3633-3643, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.054.

Zhao, D, Li, W, Wang, Q, Liu, X, Li, C, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW, Zhang, K (2022) Statistical study on the characterization of phase and amplitude scintillation events in the high-latitude region during 2014-2020 based on ISMR, Advances in Space Research, 69(9), pp.3435-3459, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.031.

Gao, Y, Jing, H, Dianati, M, Hancock, C, Meng, X (2022) Performance analysis of robust cooperative positioning based on GPS/UWB integration for connected autonomous vehicles, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles, 8(1), pp.790-802, ISSN: 2379-8858. DOI: 10.1109/tiv.2022.3144341.

Li, W, Hancock, C, Yang, Y, Wang, J, Meng, X (2021) Dynamic deformation monitoring of an offshore platform structure with accelerometers, Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, 12(2), pp.275-287, ISSN: 2190-5452. DOI: 10.1007/s13349-021-00542-4.

Zhao, D, Li, W, Li, C, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW, Wang, Q (2021) Analysis on the ionospheric scintillation monitoring performance of ROTI extracted from GNSS observations in high-latitude regions, Advances in Space Research, 69(1), pp.142-158, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.09.026.

Msaewe, HA, Psimoulis, PA, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW, Bonenberg, L (2021) Monitoring the response of Severn Suspension bridge in the United Kingdom using multi-GNSS measurements, Structural Control and Health Monitoring, 28(11), e2830, ISSN: 1545-2255. DOI: 10.1002/stc.2830.

Liu, X, Wang, J, Zhen, J, Han, H, Hancock, C (2021) GNSS-aided accelerometer frequency domain integration approach to monitor structural dynamic displacements, International Journal of Image and Data Fusion, 12(4), pp.268-281, ISSN: 1947-9824. DOI: 10.1080/19479832.2021.1967468.

Wang, J, Liu, X, Li, W, Liu, F, Hancock, C (2021) Time–frequency extraction model based on variational mode decomposition and Hilbert–Huang transform for offshore oil platforms using MIMU data, Symmetry, 13(8), 1443, DOI: 10.3390/sym13081443.

Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Lienhart, W, Klug, F, Zuzek, N, de Ligt, H (2021) Correction to: Displacement and frequency response measurements of a ship using GPS and fibre optic-based sensors (Applied Geomatics, (2021), 13, S1, (51-61), 10.1007/s12518-020-00338-z), Applied Geomatics, 13, p.63, ISSN: 1866-9298. DOI: 10.1007/s12518-020-00339-y.

Trofimova, P, Cheshmehzangi, A, Deng, W, Hancock, C (2021) Post-occupancy evaluation of indoor air quality and thermal performance in a zero carbon building, Sustainability, 13(2), 667, DOI: 10.3390/su13020667.

Shen, X, Chen, W, Li, B, Hancock, C, Xu, Y (2020) Flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using fabric reinforced alkali-activated slag matrix, Journal of Building Engineering, 33, 101865, ISSN: 2352-7102. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101865.

Roberts, GW, Hancock, C, Lienhart, W, Klug, F, Zuzek, N, de Ligt, H (2020) Displacement and frequency response measurements of a ship using GPS and fibre optic-based sensors, Applied Geomatics, 13, pp.51-61, ISSN: 1866-9298. DOI: 10.1007/s12518-020-00338-z.

Li, C, Hancock, CM, Hamm, NAS, Veettil, SV, You, C (2020) Analysis of the Relationship between Scintillation Parameters, Multipath and ROTI, Sensors, 20(10), pp.2877-2877, DOI: 10.3390/s20102877.

Kelly, CI, Andam-Akorful, SA, Hancock, CM, Laari, PB, Ayer, J (2019) Global gravity models and the Ghanaian Vertical Datum: challenges of a proper definition, Survey Review, 53(376), pp.44-54, ISSN: 0039-6265. DOI: 10.1080/00396265.2019.1684006.

Chen, C, Tang, L, Hancock, CM, Zhang, P (2019) Development of low-cost mobile laser scanning for 3D construction indoor mapping by using inertial measurement unit, ultra-wide band and 2D laser scanner, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26(7), pp.1367-1386, ISSN: 0969-9988. DOI: 10.1108/ECAM-06-2018-0242.

Yakubu, CI, Ayer, J, Laari, PB, Amponsah, TY, Hancock, CM (2019) A mutual assessment of the uncertainties of digital elevation models using the triple collocation technique, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40(14), pp.5301-5314, ISSN: 0143-1161. DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2019.1579388.

Yan, J, He, G, Basiri, A, Hancock, C (2019) 3-D Passive-Vision-Aided Pedestrian Dead Reckoning for Indoor Positioning, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 69(4), pp.1370-1386, ISSN: 0018-9456. DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2019.2910923.

Zhang, P, Hancock, CM, Lau, L, Roberts, GW, de Ligt, H (2019) Low-cost IMU and odometer tightly coupled integration with Robust Kalman filter for underground 3-D pipeline mapping, Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 137, pp.454-463, ISSN: 0263-2241. DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2019.01.068.

Tang, X, Li, X, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, de Ligt, H, Guo, F (2019) 1 Hz GPS satellites clock correction estimations to support high-rate dynamic PPP GPS applied on the Severn suspension bridge for deflection detection, GPS Solutions, 23(2), ISSN: 1080-5370. DOI: 10.1007/s10291-018-0813-z.

Wu, P, Xu, Y, Jin, R, Lu, Q, Madgwick, D, Hancock, CM (2019) Perceptions towards risks involved in off-site construction in the integrated design & construction project delivery, Journal of Cleaner Production, 213, pp.899-914, ISSN: 0959-6526. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.226.

Zhao, D, Hancock, C, Roberts, G, Jin, S (2019) Cycle Slip Detection during High Ionospheric Activities Based on Combined Triple-Frequency GNSS Signals, Remote Sensing, 11(3), pp.250-250, DOI: 10.3390/rs11030250.

Zhao, D, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Lau, L, Bai, R (2019) A triple-frequency cycle slip detection and correction method based on modified HMW combinations applied on GPS and BDS, GPS Solutions, 23(1), ISSN: 1080-5370. DOI: 10.1007/s10291-018-0817-8.

Ochieng, FX, Hancock, CM, Roberts, GW, Le Kernec, J (2018) A review of ground-based radar as a noncontact sensor for structural health monitoring of in-field wind turbines blades, Wind Energy, 21(12), pp.1435-1449, ISSN: 1095-4244. DOI: 10.1002/we.2252.

Tang, X, Hancock, C, Xiang, Z, Kong, Y, Ligt, H, Shi, H, Quaye-Ballard, J (2018) Precipitable Water Vapour Retrieval from GPS Precise Point Positioning and NCEP CFSv2 Dataset during Typhoon Events, Sensors, 18(11), pp.3831-3831, DOI: 10.3390/s18113831.

Jin, R, Yang, T, Piroozfar, P, Kang, BG, Wanatowski, D, Hancock, CM, Tang, L (2018) Project-based pedagogy in interdisciplinary building design adopting BIM, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(10), pp.1376-1397, ISSN: 0969-9988. DOI: 10.1108/ECAM-07-2017-0119.

Tang, X, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Yu, J (2018) GPS/BDS relative positioning assessment by zero baseline observation, Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 116, pp.464-472, ISSN: 0263-2241. DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2017.10.022.

Kang, BG, Yan, Z, Jin, R, Hancock, CM, Tang, L, Kapogiannis, G (2018) Current practice of building information modelling in the ningbo construction industry, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 7(4), pp.101-104.

Kang, BG, Zhang, Y, Jin, R, Hancock, CM, Li, B, Tang, L (2018) An investigation into the application of 3-D printing to construction projects in Ningbo, China, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 7(4), pp.93-95.

Jin, R, Hancock, CM, Tang, L, Wanatowski, D (2017) BIM Investment, Returns, and Risks in China's AEC Industries, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(12), ISSN: 0733-9364. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001408.

Tang, X, Roberts, GW, Li, X, Hancock, CM (2017) Real-time kinematic PPP GPS for structure monitoring applied on the Severn Suspension Bridge, UK, Advances in Space Research, 60(5), pp.925-937, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.05.010.

Mukupa, W, Hancock, C, Roberts, G, Al-Manasir, K, de Ligt, H, Chen, Z (2017) Visual inspection of fire-damaged concrete based on terrestrial laser scanner data, Applied Geomatics, 9(3), pp.143-158, ISSN: 1866-9298. DOI: 10.1007/s12518-017-0188-9.

Jin, R, Hancock, C, Tang, L, Chen, C, Wanatowski, D, Yang, L (2017) Empirical Study of BIM Implementation-Based Perceptions among Chinese Practitioners, Journal of Management in Engineering, 33(5), ISSN: 0742-597X. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000538.

Msaewe, HA, Hancock, CM, Psimoulis, PA, Roberts, GW, Bonenberg, L, de Ligt, H (2017) Investigating multi-GNSS performance in the UK and China based on a zero-baseline measurement approach, Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 102, pp.186-199, ISSN: 0263-2241. DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2017.02.004.

Hancock, C, Zhang, P, Lau, L, Roberts, G, de Ligt, H (2017) Satellite mapping in cities and below cities: How good is it now?, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Civil Engineering, 170(1), pp.33-38, ISSN: 0965-089X. DOI: 10.1680/jcien.16.00022.

Zhao, D, Roberts, G, Lau, L, Hancock, C, Bai, R (2016) A Theoretical and Empirical Integrated Method to Select the Optimal Combined Signals for Geometry-Free and Geometry-Based Three-Carrier Ambiguity Resolution, Sensors, 16(11), pp.1929-1929, DOI: 10.3390/s16111929.

Mukupa, W, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Al-Manasir, K (2016) A non-destructive technique for health assessment of fire-damaged concrete elements using terrestrial laser scanning, Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, 6(4), pp.665-679, ISSN: 2190-5452. DOI: 10.1007/s13349-016-0188-1.

Wang, J, Gao, Y, Li, Z, Meng, X, Hancock, C (2016) A Tightly-Coupled GPS/INS/UWB Cooperative Positioning Sensors System Supported by V2I Communication, Sensors, 16(7), pp.944-944, DOI: 10.3390/s16070944.

Mukupa, W, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Al-Manasir, K (2016) A review of the use of terrestrial laser scanning application for change detection and deformation monitoring of structures, Survey Review, pp.1-18, ISSN: 0039-6265. DOI: 10.1080/00396265.2015.1133039.

Montillet, J-P, Bonenberg, LK, Hancock, CM, Roberts, GW (2014) On the improvements of the single point positioning accuracy with Locata technology, GPS Solutions, 18(2), pp.273-282, ISSN: 1080-5370. DOI: 10.1007/s10291-013-0328-6.

Romano, V, Spogli, L, Aquino, M, Dodson, A, Hancock, C, Forte, B (2013) GNSS station characterisation for ionospheric scintillation applications, Advances in Space Research, 52(7), pp.1237-1246, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2013.06.028.

Romano, V, Pau, S, Pezzopane, M, Spogli, L, Zuccheretti, E, Aquino, M, Hancock, CM (2013) ESWua: A tool to manage and access GNSS ionospheric data from mid-to-high latitudes, Annals of Geophysics, 56(2), ISSN: 1593-5213. DOI: 10.4401/ag-6244.

Bonenberg, LK, Hancock, C, Roberts, GW (2013) Locata performance in a long term monitoring, Journal of Applied Geodesy, 7(4), ISSN: 1862-9016. DOI: 10.1515/jag-2012-0055.

Sreeja, VV, Aquino, M, Forte, B, Elmas, Z, Hancock, C, De Franceschi, G, Alfonsi, L, Spogli, L, Romano, V, Bougard, B, Monico, JFG, Wernik, AW, Sleewaegen, J-M, Cantó, A, Ferreira Da Silva, E (2011) Tackling ionospheric scintillation threat to GNSS in Latin America, Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 1(1), pp.A05-A05, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2011005.

Bonenberg, L and Hancock, C (2010) Tracking, testing, GPS World, 21(11), p.50, ISSN: 1048-5104.

Bonenberg, LK, Hancock, CM, Roberts, GW (2010) Indoor multipath effect study on the Locata system, Journal of Applied Geodesy, 4(3), pp.137-143, ISSN: 1862-9016. DOI: 10.1515/jag.2010.012.

Hancock, C, Roberts, G, Taha, A (2009) Satellite mapping in cities: how good can it get?, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering, 162(3), pp.122-128, ISSN: 0965-089X. DOI: 10.1680/cien.2009.162.3.122.

Montillet, J-P, Roberts, GW, Hancock, C, Meng, X, Ogundipe, O, Barnes, J (2009) Deploying a Locata network to enable precise positioning in urban canyons, Journal of Geodesy, 83(2), pp.91-103, ISSN: 0949-7714. DOI: 10.1007/s00190-008-0236-7.

Hancock, CM and Moore, P (2007) On the usefulness of atmospheric and oceanic angular momentum in recovering polar motion and gravity field variations in a unified process, Advances in Space Research, 39(10), pp.1648-1655, ISSN: 0273-1177. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2007.02.051.


Starkey, J, Hancock, C, Chen, L, Meng, Q (2022) DIGITAL TWINNING PROOF OF CONCEPT FOR UTILITY-SCALE SOLAR: BENEFITS, ISSUES, AND ENABLERS. In , The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, pp.231-237, DOI: 10.5194/isprs-archives-xlvi-5-w1-2022-231-2022.

Li, C, Hancock, C, Veettil, S, You, C (2021) Spatial analysis of the correlation between scintillation parameters and MP&ROTI. In European Navigation Conference 2020; 2020 European Navigation Conference (ENC), Dresden, Germany, pp.1-9, ISBN: 9783944976273. DOI: 10.23919/ENC48637.2020.9317345.

Tang, X, Guo, F, Hancock, CM, de Ligt, H (2020) Suspension Cable Bridge Deflection Determination Using Kinematic PPP with High-Rate GPS Satellite Clock Corrections. In , Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, pp.222-231, DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3707-3_22.

Yan, J, He, G, Basiri, A, Hancock, C (2018) Indoor pedestrian dead reckoning calibration by visual tracking and map information. In , Proceedings of 5th IEEE Conference on Ubiquitous Positioning, Indoor Navigation and Location-Based Services, UPINLBS 2018. DOI: 10.1109/UPINLBS.2018.8559925.

Yan, J, He, G, Basiri, A, Hancock, C (2018) Vision-aided indoor pedestrian dead reckoning. In , I2MTC 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference: Discovering New Horizons in Instrumentation and Measurement, Proceedings, pp.1-6, DOI: 10.1109/I2MTC.2018.8409599.


Zhao, D, Roberts, GW, Hancock, CM, Lau, L, Bai, R (2017) Cycle slip detection for triple-frequency GPS observations under ionospheric scintillation. In , 30th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2017, pp.4046-4054, DOI: 10.33012/2017.15326.

Gao, Y, Meng, X, Hancock, CM, Stephenson, S, Zhang, Q (2014) UWB/GNSS-based cooperative positioning method for V2X applications. In , 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014, pp.3212-3221.

Ogundipe, O, Hancock, C, Taha, A, Roberts, GW, Montillet, JP (2009) Mapping and visualisation of sub-surface utilities in urban environments. In , 22nd International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation 2009, ION GNSS 2009, pp.822-836.

Ogundipe, O, Hancock, C, Taha, A, Roberts, GW, Montillet, J-P, Wang, J, Feng, Y, Wang, C (2009) Mapping and Visualisation of Sub-surface Utilities in Urban Environments. In , PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL TECHNICAL MEETING OF THE SATELLITE DIVISION OF THE INSTITUTE OF NAVIGATION (ION GNSS 2009), pp.679-693.

Ogundipe, O, Hancock, C, Taha, A, Roberts, G (2008) The use of high-sensitivity GPS for mapping sub-surface utilities. In , ENC-GNSS 2008 - European Navigation Conference.

Taha, A, Kokkas, N, Hancock, C, Roberts, G, Meng, X, Uff, J (2008) A GIS approach to GNSS simulation in urban canyons. In , ENC-GNSS 2008 - European Navigation Conference.

Ogundipe, O, Hancock, C, Taha, A, Roberts, G (2008) The use of high-sensitivity GPS for mapping sub-surface utilities. In , ENC-GNSS 2008 - European Navigation Conference.

Taha, A, Kokkas, N, Hancock, C, Roberts, G, Meng, X, Uff, J (2008) A GIS approach to GNSS simulation in urban canyons. In , ENC-GNSS 2008 - European Navigation Conference.


Kapogiannis, G, Guo, J, Hancock, CM (2021) Digital supply chain and port information modeling (PIM). In ICT Solutions and Digitalisation in Ports and Shipping, pp.293-322.

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