Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications

Publications for Russell Lock

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Journal Articles

Gazzawe, F, Mayouf, M, Lock, R, Alturki, R (2022) The Role of Machine Learning in E-Learning Using the Web and AI-Enabled Mobile Applications, Mobile Information Systems, 2022, ISSN: 1574-017X. DOI: 10.1155/2022/3696140.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (2020) An investigation into sustainable e-government in Saudi Arabia, Electronic Journal of e-Government, 18(1), pp.1-16, ISSN: 1479-439X. DOI: 10.34190/EJEG.18.1.001.

Buyrukoglu, S, Batmaz, F, Lock, R (2019) Improving marking efficiency for longer programming solutions based on a semi-automated assessment approach, Computer Applications in Engineering Education, ISSN: 1061-3773. DOI: 10.1002/cae.22094.

Hu, Y, Soltoggio, A, Lock, R, Carter, S (2018) A fully convolutional two-stream fusion network for interactive image segmentation, Neural Networks, 109, pp.31-42, ISSN: 0893-6080. DOI: 10.1016/j.neunet.2018.10.009.

Mazumdar, P, Babu, KS, Patra, B, Lock, R (2018) Hidden location prediction using check-in patterns in location based social networks, Knowledge and Information Systems, 57, pp.571-601, ISSN: 0219-1377. DOI: 10.1007/s10115-018-1170-5.

Ellis-Braithwaite, R, Lock, R, Dawson, R, King, T (2017) Repetition between stakeholder (user) and system requirements, Requirements Engineering, ISSN: 1432-010X. DOI: 10.1007/s00766-015-0239-x.

Mazumdar, P, Patra, B, Lock, R, Korra, SB (2016) An approach to compute user similarity for GPS applications, Knowledge-Based Systems, 113, pp.125-142, ISSN: 0950-7051. DOI: 10.1016/j.knosys.2016.09.017.

Israilidis, J, Lock, R, Cooke, L (2015) Anti-patterns in knowledge management, IJASS International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, ISSN: 1751-0589. DOI: 10.1504/IJASS.2015.071086.

Israilidis, J, Siachou, E, Cooke, L, Lock, R (2015) Individual variables with an impact on knowledge sharing: the critical role of employees’ ignorance, Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN: 1758-7484. DOI: 10.1108/JKM-04-2015-0153.

Israilidis, J, Cooke, L, Lock, R (2014) Analysing the viability of business networks in multinational organisations: a case study of the aerospace and defence industry, Journal of Information and Knowledge Management, 13(3), ISSN: 1793-6926. DOI: 10.1142/S0219649214500233.

Lock, RH, Cooke, L, Jackson, T (2013) Online Social Networking, Order and Disorder, The Electronic Journal of e-Government (EJEG), 11(1), pp.229-240, ISSN: 1479-439X.

Ellis-Braithwaite, R, Dawson, RJ, Lock, R, Haque, B (2013) Towards an Approach for Analysing the Strategic Alignment of Software Requirements using Quantified Goal Graphs, International Journal on Advances in Software, 6, pp.119-130, ISSN: 1942-2628.

Israilides, J, Lock, RH, Cooke, L (2013) Ignorance Management, MDKE Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, 1(1), pp.71-85.

Sommerville, I, Lock, R, Storer, T (2012) Information requirements for enterprise systems, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 7539 LNCS, pp.266-282, ISSN: 0302-9743. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-34059-8_14.

Lock, R (2011) Developing a methodology to support the evolution of System of Systems using risk analysis, Systems Engineering, 15(1), pp.62-73, DOI: 10.1002/sys.20194.

Sommerville, I, Storer, T, Lock, R (2009) Responsibility Modelling for Civil Emergency Planning, Risk Management 2009, 11(3-4), pp.179-207, DOI: 10.1057/rm.2009.11.

Lock, R, Storer, T, Harvey, N, Hughes, C, Sommerville, I (2008) Observations of the Scottish Elections 2007, Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 2(2), pp.104-118, DOI: 10.1108/17506160810876185.


Albinali, A, Lock, R, Phillips, I (2022) A SoA for Open Government Data: a case study of COVID impacts on SMEs. In Janssen, M, Csáki, C, Johannessen, MR, Krimmer, R, Lampoltshammer, T, Lindgren, I, Loukis, E, Melin, U, Parycek, P, Pereira, GV, Bolívar, MPR, Schwabe, G, Tambouris, E (ed) EGOV-CeDEM-ePart 2022; Proceedings of Ongoing Research, Practitioners, Workshops, Posters, and Projects of the International Conference EGOV-CeDEM-ePart 2022, Linköping, Sweden, pp.83-93.

Hayat, H and Lock, R (2020) Usability evaluation in practice: Selecting the appropriate method. In ICHCIUEM 2020 : International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Evaluation Methods, New York.

Gazzawe, F, Lock, R, Dawson, C (2020) Traceability framework for requirement artefacts. In Bhatia, KASKR (ed) Science and Information Conference (SAI 2020); Intelligent Computing: Proceedings of the 2020 Computing Conference, London, United Kingdom, pp.97-109, ISBN: 9783030522483. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52249-0_7.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (2019) An investigation of management systems for sustainable e-government. In 19th European Conference on Digital Government (ECDG 2019), Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, pp.191-199.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (Accepted for publication) A comparison of Software Quality Characteristics and Software Sustainability Characteristics. In 2019 International Conference on Software Engineering and Computational Intelligence (CSECI 2019), Rome.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (2019) Software sustainability from a user perspective: A case study of a developing country (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). In IEEE International Conference on Computing, Electronics & Communications Engineering 2018 (iCCECE '18), University of Essex, Southend, UK,ISBN: 9781538649046. DOI: 10.1109/iCCECOME.2018.8659275.

Gazzawe, F, Lock, R, Dawson, C (2018) Use of ontology in identifying missing artefact links. In 7th International Conference on Software and Computer Applications, Kuanton, Malaysia,ISBN: 9781450354141.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (2018) An empirical study of sustainable E-Government characteristics in Saudi Arabia. In 18th European Conference on Digital Government (ECDG 2018), Spain,ISBN: 9781912764037.

Aljarallah, S and Lock, R (2018) An exploratory study of software sustainability dimensions and characteristics: end user perspectives in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). In 12th International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement, Oulu, Finland,ISBN: 978-1-4503-5823-1. DOI: 10.1145/3239235.3239240.

Buyrukoglu, S, Batmaz, F, Lock, R (2017) A new marking technique in semi-automated assessment. In 12th International Conference on Computer Science & Education (ICCSE), Houston,ISBN: 9781509025084. DOI: 10.1109/ICCSE.2017.8085551.

Hayat, H, Mayouf, M, Lock, R (2016) Towards formal usability approach for BIM applications. In The 9th Saudi Students Conference, University of Birmingham.

Buyrukoglu, S, Batmaz, F, Lock, R (2016) Semi-automatic assessment approach to programming code for novice students. In CSEDU 2016, Rome,ISBN: 978-989-758-179-3. DOI: 10.5220/0005789802890297.

Lock, R (2016) Requirement engineering education in the UK, an empirical study. In BCS INSPIRE 2016, Bournemouth.

Buyrukoglu, S, Batmaz, F, Lock, R (2016) Increasing the similarity of programming code structures to accelerate the marking process in a new semi-automated assessment approach. In The 11th International Conference on Computer Science & Education (ICCSE 2016), Nagoya, Japan. DOI: 10.1109/ICCSE.2016.7581609.

Alkahtani, HK, Dawson, R, Lock, R (2015) Communication and effective email usage in Saudi Arabia. In BCS Software Quality Management 2015, Loughborough University,ISBN: 978-0-9926958-6-6.

Hayat, H, Lock, R, Murray, I (2015) Measuring software usability. In BCS Software Quality Management 2015, Loughborough University,ISBN: 978-0-9926958-6-6.

Onwudike, OC, Lock, R, Phillips, I (2015) Development of an e-government ontology to support risk analysis. In 15th European Conference on eGovernment – ECEG 2015, Portsmouth.

Alkahtani, H, Dawson, RJ, Lock, R (2013) The Impact of Culture on Saudi Arabian Information Systems Security. In Georgiadou, E, Ross, M, Staples, G (ed) Software Quality Management XXI, Quality Comes of Age: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Software Quality Management (SQM 2013), London, pp.201-210, ISBN: 9780956314086.

Lock, RH, Cooke, L, Israilides, J, Siachou, E (2013) Facilitating Knowledge Sharing Through Ignorance Management: The Moderating Role of Knowledge Processors. In EURAM2013, Istanbul, Turkey, pp.1-38, ISBN: 978-975-8400-35-5.

Ellis-Braithwaite, R, Lock, R, Dawson, R, Haque, B (2012) Modelling the Strategic Alignment of Software Requirements using Goal Graphs. In International Conference on Software Engineering Advances, Lisbon, Portugal, pp.524-529, ISBN: 978-1-61208-230-1.

Lock, RH, Braithwaite, R, Dawson, R, Badr, H (2012) Modelling Software Requirement Strategic Alignment using Goal Graphs. In ICSEA, Lisbon Portugal, pp.524-529, ISBN: 978-1-61208-230-1.

Cooke, L, Israilidis, J, Lock, R (2012) Ignorance management: an alternative perspective on knowledge management in multinational corporations. In Cegarra, JG (ed) 13th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Universidad Politecnica de Caragena, pp.493-501, ISBN: 978-1-908272-63-8.

Lock, R (2011) The role of industry within an undergraduate module: A tale of unexpected surprises, cunning, and banana republics. In BCS INSPIRE 2011, .

Lock, R (2011) Modelling and Analysing Standard Use within System of Systems. In 16th IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS, Las Vegas, USA.

Lock, RH and Somerville, I (2010) Modelling and Analysis of Socio-Technical System of Systems. In Calinescu, R, Paige, R, Kwiatkowski, M (ed) ICECCS 2010, Fifteenth IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems (ICECCS 2010), USA, pp.224-233, ISBN: 978-0-7695-4015-3.

Lock, R, Storer, T, Sommerville, I, Baxter, B (2009) Responsibility Modelling for Risk Analysis. In Bris, R, Soares, CG, Martorell, S (ed) ESREL 2009, Prague, Czech Republic, pp.1103-1109, ISBN: 978-0-415-55509-8.

Storer, T and Lock, R (2009) The fundamental accuracy requirement for voting systems. In ARES 2009, Fukuoka, Japan, pp.374-379, ISBN: 978-0-7695-3564-7.

Sommerville, I, Lock, R, Storer, T, Dobson, J (2009) Deriving information requirements from responsibility models. In Eck, PV, Jaap, G, Wieringa, RW (ed) CAiSE 2009, Advanced Information Systems Engineering, 21st International Conference CAiSE 2009, Nederlands, pp.515-529, ISBN: 978-3-642-02143-5.

Storer, T and Lock, R (2009) Accuracy: The Fundamental Requirement for Voting Systems. In 4th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, 2009 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AVAILABILITY, RELIABILITY, AND SECURITY (ARES), VOLS 1 AND 2, Fukuoka Inst Technol, Fukuoka, JAPAN, pp.374-379, ISBN: 978-1-4244-3572-2. DOI: 10.1109/ARES.2009.133.

Lock, R (2006) Automated negotiation for service contracts. In 30th Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC'06), Chicago, pp.127-134, ISBN: 0769526551.

Dobson, G, Lock, R, Sommerville, I (2005) QoSOnt: a QoS ontology for service-centric systems. In 31st EUROMICRO Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications (EUROMICRO-SEAA 2005), Porto, Portugal, pp.80-87, ISBN: 0769524311.

Lock, R, Dobson, G, Sommerville, I (2005) Quality of service requirements specification using an ontology. In 1st International Workshop on Service-Oriented Computing: Consequences for Engineering Requirements (SOCCER'05), Paris, France, pp.-.


Pergl, R, Babkin, E, Lock, R, Malyzhenkov, P, Merunka, V (2019) Preface,ISBN: 9783030356453.

Pergl, R, Babkin, E, Lock, R, Malyzhenkov, P, Merunka, V (2018) Preface,ISBN: 9783030007867.


Lock, R, Dobson, G, Sommerville, I (2005) Addressing the contract issue, standardisation for QoS. In Cunningham, P and Cunningham, M (ed) Innovation and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies, IOS Press, pp.-, ISBN: 9781586035631.

Digital/Visual Products

Maiorani, A, Zecca, M, Lock, R (2018) BBC Documentary "The Big Fix", BBC.


Hu, Y, Soltoggio, A, Lock, R, Carter, S (2018) A Fully Convolutional Two-Stream Fusion Network for Interactive Image Segmentation, GitHub.


Maiorani, A, Zecca, M, Lock, R Kinesemiotics.

Getting in touch

Research Office
Loughborough University
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 222453