Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Research Publications


Publications for Andrew Stapley

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Journal Articles

Hishamuddin, E, Nagy, ZK, Stapley, A (2020) Thermodynamic analysis of the isothermal fractionation of palm oil using a novel method for entrainment correction, Journal of Food Engineering, 273, 109806, ISSN: 0260-8774. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2019.109806.

Vinner, GK, Rezaie-Yazdi, Z, Leppanen, M, Stapley, A, Leaper, M, Malik, D (2019) Microencapsulation of salmonella-specific bacteriophage Felix O1 using spray-drying in a pH-responsive formulation and direct compression tableting of powders into a solid oral dosage form, Pharmaceuticals (Basel), 12(1), ISSN: 1424-8247. DOI: 10.3390/ph12010043.

Atuonwu, JC, Ray, J, Stapley, AGF (2017) A kinetic model for whey protein denaturation at different moisture contents and temperatures, International Dairy Journal, 75, pp.41-50, ISSN: 0958-6946. DOI: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2017.07.002.

Jaskulski, M, Atuonwu, JC, Tran, TTH, Stapley, AGF, Tsotsas, E (2017) Predictive CFD modeling of whey protein denaturation in skim milk spray drying powder production, Advanced Powder Technology, ISSN: 0921-8831. DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2017.09.026.

Ray, P, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2017) A freeze-drying microscopy study of the kinetics of sublimation in a model lactose system, Chemical Engineering Science, ISSN: 1873-4405. DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2017.05.047.

Malik, D, Sokolov, I, Vinner, G, Mancuso, F, Cinquerrui, S, Vladisavljevic, G, Clokie, MRJ, Garton, NJ, Stapley, A, Kirpichnikova, A (2017) Formulation, stabilisation and encapsulation of bacteriophage for phage therapy, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN: 0001-8686. DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2017.05.014.

Stewart, DI, Chong, PS, Stapley, A (2017) Investigation of the crystallisation and melting of the tripalmitin/triolein system via hot stage microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and pulsed NMR, Crystal Growth and Design, 17(6), pp.3005-3016, ISSN: 1528-7483. DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01621.

Harrison, PD, Smith, KW, Bhaggan, K, Stapley, AGF (2016) Image analysis of palm oil crystallisation as observed by hot stage microscopy, JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, 444, pp.28-38, ISSN: 0022-0248. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2016.03.026.

Al-Hajji, L, Nassehi, V, Stapley, A (2016) Spatial variation of starch retrogradation in Arabic flat bread during storage, Journal of Food Engineering, 187, pp.44-52, ISSN: 0260-8774. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2016.04.014.

Ishwarya, SP, Anandharamakrishnan, C, Stapley, AGF (2015) Spray-freeze-drying: A novel process for the drying of foods and bioproducts, Trends in Food Science & Technology, 41(2), pp.161-181, ISSN: 0924-2244. DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2014.10.008.

Talbat, G, Smith, KW, Bhaggan, K, Ray, J, Nagy, Z, Stapley, A (2014) Physical characterisation of silica-treated shea stearin, Lipid Technology, 26(4), pp.83-86, ISSN: 0956-666X. DOI: 10.1002/lite.201400020.

Ray, J, Smith, KW, Bhaggan, K, Nagy, Z, Stapley, A (2014) Characterisation of high 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol content stearins produced by acidolysis of high oleic sunflower oil with stearic and palmitic acids, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LIPID SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 116(5), pp.532-547, ISSN: 1438-7697. DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201300282.

Zain, NM, Stapley, A, Shama, G (2014) Green synthesis of silver and copper nanoparticles using ascorbic acid and chitosan for antimicrobial applications, CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, 112, pp.195-202, ISSN: 0144-8617. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.05.081.

Ray, J, Smith, KW, Bhaggan, K, Nagy, ZK, Stapley, AGF (2013) Crystallization and polymorphic behavior of shea stearin and the effect of removal of polar components, European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 115(10), pp.1094-1106, ISSN: 1438-7697. DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201200434.

Pispan, S, Hewitt, CJ, Stapley, AGF (2013) Comparison of cell survival rates of E. coli K12 and L. acidophilus undergoing spray drying, Food and Bioproducts Processing, 91(4), pp.362-369, ISSN: 0960-3085. DOI: 10.1016/j.fbp.2013.01.005.

Jones, JR, Prime, D, Leaper, MC, Richardson, DJ, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2013) Effect of processing variables and bulk composition on the surface composition of spray dried powders of a model food system, Journal of Food Engineering, 118(1), pp.19-30, ISSN: 0260-8774. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2013.03.027.

Ray, J, Nagy, ZK, Smith, KW, Bhaggan, K, Stapley, AGF (2013) Kinetic study of the acidolysis of high oleic sunflower oil with stearic–palmitic acid mixtures catalysed by immobilised Rhizopus oryzae lipase, Biochemical Engineering Journal, 73, pp.17-28, ISSN: 1369-703X. DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2012.12.018.

Hishamuddin, E, Stapley, AGF, Nagy, ZK (2011) Application of laser backscattering for monitoring of palm oil crystallisation from melt, JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, 335(1), pp.172-180, ISSN: 0022-0248. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.09.033.

Prime, DC, Leaper, MC, Jones, JR, Richardson, DJ, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2011) Caking Behaviour Of Spray-Dried Powders - Using Scanning Probe Microscopy to Study Nanoscale Surface Properties and Material Composition, Chemical Engineering & Technology, 34(7), pp.1104-1108, ISSN: 0930-7516. DOI: 10.1002/ceat.201000537.

Prime, DC, Stapley, AGF, Rielly, CD, Jones, JR, Leaper, MC (2011) Analysis of Powder Caking in Multicomponent Powders Using Atomic Force Microscopy to Examine Particle Properties, Chemical Engineering Technology, 34(1), pp.98-102, DOI: 10.1002/ceat.201000211.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Gimbun, J, Stapley, AGF, Rielly, CD (2010) Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulations to Spray-Freezing Operations, Drying Technology, 28, pp.94-102, DOI: 10.1080/07373930903430843.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Gimbun, J, Stapley, AGF, Rielly, CD (2010) A Study of Particle Histories During Spray Drying Using Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulations, Drying Technology, 28(5), pp.566-576, DOI: 10.1080/07373931003787918.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2010) Spray-freeze-drying of whey proteins at sub-atmospheric pressures, Dairy Science and Technology, 90(2-3), pp.321-334, ISSN: 1958-5586. DOI: 10.1051/dst/2010013.

Stapley, AGF and Rielly, CD (2009) Developments in fluidised bed freeze drying, Food Science and Technology, 23(2), pp.19-21.

Stapley, AGF, Himawan, C, MacNaughton, W, Foster, TJ (2009) A Computational Method for Extracting Crystallization Growth and Nucleation Rate Data from Hot Stage Microscope Images, Crystal Growth and Design, 9(12), pp.5061-5068, DOI: 10.1021/cg9000413.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2008) Loss of solubility of α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin during the spray drying of whey proteins, LWT - Food Science and Technology, 41(2), pp.270-277, ISSN: 0023-6438. DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2007.03.004.

Stapley, AGF and Rielly, CD (2007) Advances in unconventional freeze drying technology, TCE - The Chemical Engineer, 790(April), pp.33-35, ISSN: 0302-0797.

Himawan, C, MacNaughtan, W, Farhat, IA, Stapley, AGF (2007) Polymorphic occurrence and crystallization rates of tristearin/tripalmitin mixtures under non-isothermal conditions, European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 109(1), pp.49-60, ISSN: 1438-7697. DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.200600179.

Al Enezi, S, Hellgardt, K, Stapley, AGF (2007) Mechanical measurement of the plasticization of polymers by high-pressure carbon dioxide, International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, 12(3), pp.171-183, ISSN: 1023-666X. DOI: 10.1080/10236660701223790.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2007) Effects of process variables on the denaturation of whey proteins during spray drying, Drying Technology, 25(5), pp.799-807, ISSN: 0737-3937. DOI: 10.1080/07373930701370175.

Dhonsi, D and Stapley, AGF (2006) The effect of shear rate, temperature, sugar and emulsifier on the tempering of cocoa butter, Journal of Food Engineering, 77(4), pp.936-942, ISSN: 0260-8774. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.08.022.

Al Hakim, K, Wigley, G, Stapley, AGF (2006) Phase doppler anemometry studies of spray freezing, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 84(a12), pp.1142-1151, ISSN: 0263-8762. DOI: 10.1205/cherd06014.

MacNaughtan, W, Farhat, IA, Himawan, C, Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF (2006) A differential scanning calorimetry study of the crystallization kinetics of tristearin-tripalmitin mixtures, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 83(1), pp.1-9, ISSN: 1558-9331. DOI: 10.1007/s11746-006-1167-1.

Himawan, C, Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF (2006) Thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of fat crystallization, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 122(1-3), pp.3-33, ISSN: 0001-8686. DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2006.06.016.

Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF, Zhdanov, VG (2004) Effective Properties of Porous and Composite Materials, The Journal of Adhesion, 80(10-11), pp.971-1002, ISSN: 1545-5823. DOI: 10.1080/00218460490509309.

Stapley, AGF (2002) Modelling the kinetics of tea and coffee infusion, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 82(14), pp.1661-1671, ISSN: 1097-0010. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.1250.

Tewkesbury, H, Stapley, AGF, Fryer, PJ (2000) Modelling Temperature Distributions in Cooling Chocolate Moulds, Chemical Engineering Science, 55(16), pp.3123-3132, ISSN: 0009-2509.

Stapley, AGF, Landman, KA, Please, CP, Fryer, PJ (1999) Modelling the steaming of whole wheat grains, Chemical Engineering Science, 54(8), pp.965-975, ISSN: 0009-2509. DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2509(98)00404-7.

Stapley, AGF, Landman, KA, Please, CP, Fryer, PJ (1999) Modelling the Steaming of Whole Wheat Grains, Chemical Engineering Science, 54(8), pp.965-975.

Stapley, AGF, Tewkesbury, H, Fryer, PJ (1999) The Effects of Shear and Temperature History on the Crystallization of Chocolate, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 76(6), pp.677-685, ISSN: 0003-021X.

Stapley, AGF, Fryer, PJ, Gladden, LF (1998) Diffusion and Reaction in Whole Wheat Grains during Boiling, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal, 44(8), pp.1777-1789, ISSN: 0001-1541.

Stapley, AGF, Hyde, TM, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1997) NMR Imaging of the Wheat Grain Cooking Process, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 32(5), pp.355-375, ISSN: 0950-5423.

Stapley, AGF, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1997) A Differentiual Scanning Calorimetry Study of Wheat Grain Cooking, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 32(6), pp.473-486.

Stapley, AGF, Sousa Goncalves, JA, Hollewand, MP, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1995) An NMR Pulsed Field Gradient Study of the Electrical and Conventional Heating of Carrot, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 30(5), pp.639-654.

Fryer, PJ, de Alwis, AAP, Koury, E, Stapley, AG, Zhang, L (1993) Ohmic Processing of Solid-Liquid Mixtures: Heat Generation and Convection Effecte, Journal of Food Engineering, 18(2), pp.101-125, ISSN: 0260-8774.



Conferences

Atuonwu, JC and Stapley, AGF (2017) Reducing energy consumption in spray drying by monodisperse droplet generation: Modelling and simulation. In 1st International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Resource Use in Food Chains, Energy Procedia, Berkshire, UK, pp.235-242, DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.251.

Pispan, S, Hewitt, CJ, Stapley, AGF (2010) A Comparison of the Survival Rates of E. Coli K12 and L. Acidophilus in Spray Drying. In Totsas, E, Metzger, T, Peglow, M (ed) 17th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2010 - Proceedings of the International Drying Symposium IDS 2010, Magdeburg, Germany, pp.2271-2277, ISBN: 9783869120362.

Pispan, S, Stapley, AGF, Hewitt, CJ (2010) Formulation Optimisation of Mixed Sugar/Protein/Maltodextrin Encapsulants for Spray Drying L. Acidophilus Using the Response Surface Method. In Tsotsas, E, Metzger, T, Peglow, M (ed) 17th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2010 - Proceedings of the International Drying Symposium IDS 2010, Magdeburg, Germany, pp.2263-2270, ISBN: 9783869120362.

Prime, DC, Leaper, MC, Leach, V, Jones, JR, Richardson, D, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2010) Caking Behaviour of Spray-Dried Powders - Using Scanning Probe Microscopy to Study Nanoscale Surface Properties. In Tsotsas, E, Metzger, T, Peglow, M (ed) 17th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2010 - Proceedings of the International Drying Symposium IDS 2010, Magdeburg, Germany, pp.925-929, ISBN: 9783869120362.

Jones, JR, Prime, D, Leaper, MC, Richardson, D, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2010) Effect of Processing Variables and Bulk Composition on the Surface Composition of Spray Dried Powders of a Model Food System. In Tsotsas, E, Metzger, T, Peglow, M (ed) 17th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2010 - Proceeedings of the International Drying Symposium IDS 2010, Magdeburg, Germany, pp.1178-1186, ISBN: 9783869120362.

Khwanpruk, K, Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2008) Volatiles Retention During the Sub-Atmospheric Spray Freeze Drying of Coffee and Maltodextrin. In Thorat, BN (ed) 16th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2008, Hyderabad, India, pp.1066-1072, ISBN: 819073718X.

Khwanpruk, K, Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2008) Volatiles Retention During the Spray Drying of Coffee and Maltodextrin. In Thorat, BN (ed) 16th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2008, Hyderabad, India, pp.1697-1704, ISBN: 819073718X.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Gimbun, J, Stapley, AGF, Rielly, CD (2008) Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulations to Spray-Freezing Operations. In Thorat, BN (ed) 16th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2008, Hyderabad, India, pp.537-545, ISBN: 819073718X.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Gimbun, J, Stapley, AGF, Rielly, CD (2008) A study of Particle Histories During Spray Drying Using Computatonal Fluid Dynamic Simulations. In Thorat, BN (ed) 16th International Drying Symposium, Drying 2008, Hyderabad, Indai, pp.265-272, ISBN: 819073718X.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2006) Thermal denaturation of whey proteins during spray-drying. In Farkas, I (ed) 15th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2006), Drying 2006, Budapest, Hungary, pp.1265-1272, ISBN: 963 9483 583.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Khwanpruk, K, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2006) Spray-freeze-drying at sub-atmospheric pressures. In Farkas, I (ed) 15th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2006), Drying 2006, Budapest, Hungary, pp.636-642, ISBN: 963 9483 583.

Anandharamakrishnan, C, Rielly, CD, Stapley, AGF (2006) Spray freeze drying at sub-atmospheric pressures: A novel process for the drying of proteins. In Freeze Drying of Pharmaceuticals and Biologicals, Freeze-Drying of Pharmaceuticals and Biologicals, Garmisch-Partentkirchen, Germany.

Al Enezi, S, Hellgardt, K, Stapley, AGF (2005) Mechanical measurement of the plasticisation of polymers by high pressure carbon dioxide. In Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Glasgow, UK, pp.P24-006, ISBN: 085295 4948.

Dhonsi, DS and Stapley, AGF (2005) The effects of shear rate, temperature, sugar and emulsifer on the tempering of cocoa butter. In Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Glasgow, UK, pp.P4-014, ISBN: 085295 4948.

Al Hakim, K, Wigley, G, Stapley, AGF (2005) Phase doppler anemometry studies of spray freezing. In Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Glasgow, UK, pp.P42-032.

Himawan, C, Stapley, AGF, MacNaughtan, W, Farhat, IA (2005) Effect of composition on the melt crystallization kinetics of binary triglyceride mixtures. In 2005 Annual Conference of the British Association for Crystal Growth, 2005 Annual Conference of the British Association of Crystal Growth, Sheffield, UK, B6.

Himawan, C, Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF, MacNaughton, W, Farhat, IA (2005) A DSC crystallization study of a binary fat system. In Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 2005, Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry: Thoroughbred or Hybrid? Norwich, UK, pp.22-23.

Himawan, C, Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF, MacNaughton, W, Farhat, IA (2004) A DSC Crystallation Study of the Tristearin-Tripalmitin Binary System. In Proceedings of the Lipid Structural Properties Symposium 2004, Unilever R&D Colworth, pp.57-60.

Al Hakim, K and Stapley, AGF (2004) Morphology of Spray-Dried and Spray-Freeze-Dried Whey Powders. In Silva, MA and Rocha, SCS (ed) Drying 2004 - Proceedings of the 14th International Drying Symposium, Sao Paulo, Brazil, pp.1720-1726, ISBN: 85-904573-1-1.

Al Hakim, K, Wigley, G, Stapley, AGF (2004) Phase Doppler Anemometry Studies of Spray Freezing. In Azzopardi, BJ (ed) Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Nottingham, UK, pp.617-622.

Al Hakim, K and Stapley, AGF (2004) Spray-freeze-drying of whey protein solutions. In Keogh, MK and O'Callaghan, DJ (ed) 2nd International Symposium on Spray Drying of Milk Products, Cork, Ireland, p.135.

Himawan, C, Starov, VM, Stapley, AGF, MacNaughtan, W, Farhat, IA (2004) A DSC crystallisation study of the tristearin-tripalmitin binary system. In van Malssen, KF and Garbolino, C (ed) Lipid Structural Properties Symposium 2004, Proceedings of the Lipid Structural Properties Symposium 2004, Colworth, UK, pp.57-60.

Stapley, AGF (2002) Crystallization modelling of cooling chocolate moulds. In van Malssen, KF (ed) Lipid Structural Properties Symposium 2002, Proceedings of the lipid structural properties symposium 2002, Colworth, UK, p.62.

Stapley, AGF and Fryer, PJ (2001) The Effects of Shear and Temperature History on the Crystallization of Chocolate. In Welti Chanes, J, Barbosa Canovas, GV, Aguilera, JM (ed) The Eighth International Congress on Engineering and Food, Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Engineering and Food, Puebla, Mexico, pp.235-240, ISBN: 1566769515.

Pinschower, K, Fryer, PJ, Stapley, AGF (2001) Measurement of the Shape Change in Solidifying Chocolate Using a Non-Invasive Laser Technique. In Welti Chanes, J, Barbosa Canovas, GV, Aguilera, JM (ed) The Eighth International Congress on Engineering and Food, Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Engineering and Food, Puebla, Mexico, pp.104-108, ISBN: 1566769515.

Tewkesbury, H, Stapley, AG, Fryer, PJ (1998) Modelling Cyrstallization in Chocolate Moulding. In Tupholme, GE and Wood, ASE (ed) Proceedings of Mathematics of Heat Transfer, Bradford, pp.281-288.

Tewkesbury, H, Stapley, AG, Fryer, PJ (1997) Models for Heat Transfer in Chocolate Moulding. In Proceedings of the 1997 Jubilee Research Event, Nottingham, pp.829-832.

Stapley, AG and Fryer, PJ (1997) Steam Cooking of Wheat and Rice Grains: A Model for Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer. In Jowitt, RE (ed) Proceedings of Engineering and Food at ICEF7, Brighton, pp.C57-C60.

Tewkesbury, H, Stapley, AG, Fryer, PJ (1997) The Use of Computational-models: Heat Transfer in Chocolate Manufacture. In Jowitt, RE (ed) Proceedings of Engineering and Food at ICEF7, Brighton, pp.C61-C64, ISBN: 1 85075 814 X.

Stapley, AG, Fryer, PJ, Gladden, LF (1997) Models for the Processing of Whole Wheat Grains in Cereal Manufacture. In Jowitt, RE (ed) Proceedings of Engineering and Food at ICEF7, Brighton, pp.H37-H40, ISBN: 1 85075 814 X.

Stapley, AG, Fryer, PJ, Gladden, LF (1997) Diffusion and Reaction in Wheat Grains. In Proceedings of Starch: Structure and Functionality, Cambridge, pp.77-85, ISBN: 0 85404 742 5.

Stapley, AG and Fryer, PJ (1996) Finite Element Modelling of Diffusion and Gelatinisation in Wheat Grains. In Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry, Lynby, Denmark, pp.126-128, ISBN: 87 88764 54 0.

Stapley, AG, Sousa Goncalves, JS, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1995) NMR Pulsed Field Gradient Studies of Food Processing. In Proceedings of the 1995 IChemE Research Event - First European Conference for young researchers in Chemical Engineering, Edinburgh, pp.1064-1066, ISBN: 0 85295 3593.

Stapley, AG, Hollewand, MP, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1994) Diffusion and Reaction in Wheat Grains. In Yano, T, Matsuno, R, Nakamura, Eds, K (ed) Sixth International Congress on Engineering and Food, Developments in Food Engineering, Chiba, Japan, pp.471-473, ISBN: 0 7514 0224 9.

Stapley, AG, Hyde, TM, Hollewand, MP, Gladden, LF, Fryer, PJ (1994) NMR Imaging of Diffusion and Reaction in Wheat Grains. In Proceedings of the 1994 IChemE Research Event, London, pp.508-510, ISBN: 0 85295 320 8.



CD Objects

Al Enezi, S, Hellgardt, K, Stapley, AGF (2005) Mechanical measurement of the plasticisation of polymers by high pressure carbon dioxide,IChemE, ISBN: 085295 4948.

Dhonsi, DS and Stapley, AGF (2005) The effects of shear rate, temperature, sugar and emulsifer on the tempering of cocoa butter,IChemE, ISBN: 085295 4948.

Al Hakim, K, Wigley, G, Stapley, AGF (2005) Phase doppler anemometry studies of spray freezing,IChemE.



Chapters

Stapley, AGF (2008) Freeze Drying. In Evans, JA (ed) Frozen Food Science and Technology, Blackwell, pp.248-275, ISBN: 978-1-4051-5478-9.



Getting in touch

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